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Guide to Tolkien's Letters


X

Appearing in Carpenter's Letters

(354 letters match)

1937

4 January 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Susan Dagnall
#9
 Carpenter #9



Tolkien details work he has recently completed on maps for The Hobbit, as well as other suggestions. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull note that ther...
17 January 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#10
 Carpenter #10



Tolkien discusses the details of, and placement within the text, some of his illustrations in The Hobbit, as well as potential changes to his illustrati...
5 February 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Susan Dagnall
#11
 Carpenter #11



Tolkien replies to Susan Dagnall of GA&U on matters of the reproductions of some of his illustrations in The Hobbit. In the 2023 revised edition of Lett...
13 April 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#12
 Carpenter #12



Concerning Tolkien's corrections to the text of The Hobbit, the cost of those corrections, and who would incur that cost, as well as details of his subm...
13 May 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#13
 Carpenter #13



This two-page handwritten letter contains some of Tolkien's thoughts on the potential publication of The Hobbit in the USA. Tolkien can make illustratio...
28 May 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#14
 Carpenter #14



In this three-page handwritten letter, Tolkien writes to his publisher about the release date for The Hobbit, going on at length about how it would be b...
31 August 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth (Allen & Unwin)
#15
 Carpenter #15



Tolkien sends the last two colour drawings for the American edition of The Hobbit and asks GA&U to send it on to Houghton Mifflin. he also asks about a ...
3 October 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#16
 Carpenter #16



Tolkien thanks Michael for keeping an eye of Christopher. He says that "Chris" will make a mess of things to start, but he will settle in and be of no f...
15 October 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#19
 Carpenter #17



Tolkien was pleased that The Hobbit was being well received, though he knows that the two glowing, unsigned reviews in The Times and the Times Literary ...
23 October 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#21
 Carpenter #18



Originally published as just a fragment of a thank you letter to Stanley Unwin who had written that Tolkien was "one of those rare people with genius." ...
16 December 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#22
 Carpenter #19



Tolkien has received a letter from Arthur Ransome, who wonders about the use of the word "man" in The Hobbit, as well as a few other letters from reader...
19 December 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#23
 Carpenter #20



"I have written the first chapter of a new story about Hobbits – 'A long expected party'" remarks Tolkien in this letter to C.A. Furth of GA&U. This i...

1938

1 February 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth (Allen & Unwin Ltd.)
#24
 Carpenter #21



Originally published as just a fragment of a letter, asking if Rayner Unwin was interested to read the "sequel to The Hobbit". In the revised 2023 editi...
4 February 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#25
 Carpenter #22



Tolkien sends to his publisher, the first chapter of a new book, the sequel to The Hobbit. ‘A Long-expected Party’, the first chapter of this book, ...
17 February 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#26
 Carpenter #23



Tolkien replies to C.A. Furth regarding the return of Mr. Bliss. Tolkien expresses regret for any trouble caused and wishes someone could redraw the pic...
18 February 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#27
 Carpenter #24



In this two page handwritten letter, Tolkien thanks Unwin's son Rayner for his positive feedback on the first chapter of the new book, "A Long-Expected ...
20 February 1938*
J.R.R. Tolkien to Editor of the Observer
#28
 Carpenter #25



Tolkien responds to a request, likely from a researcher or enthusiast, regarding the origins and inspirations behind his work, particularly The Hobbit. ...
4 March 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#30
 Carpenter #26



Tolkien writes to Stanley Unwin about C.S. Lewis's Out of the Silent Planet and gives him an update on progress with the sequel to The Hobbit. He also m...
12 March 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Houghton Mifflin Co.
#31
 Carpenter #27



Tolkien expresses reluctance to create drawings of hobbits and suggests leaving such tasks to someone with artistic skills. He provides a description of...
June 4th 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#32
 Carpenter #28



Tolkien thanks Stanley Unwin for the excellent news from America, where The Hobbit is selling well and it has won a prize of $250. Rayner's review of th...
24 July 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#35
 Carpenter #31



Tolkien bemoans The Hobbit being published in 1937 over 1938. His work pressure has left him hard-pressed to get into actions on the sequel. Tolkien has...
25 July 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#33
 Carpenter #29



Tolkien wrote to Stanley Unwin in response to a letter from a German publisher, Rütten & Loening Verlag. They wanted to publish a German translation of...
25 July 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rütten & Loening Verlag
#34
 Carpenter #30



Rütten & Loening Verlag, the German publisher enquired about publishing a German translation of The Hobbit. As part of their conditions they wanted to ...
27 July 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to John Masefield
#36
 Carpenter #32



Tolkien responds to Mr. Masefield regarding the lines provided for a performance. Tolkien expresses no objection to being preceded by the lines and defe...
31 August 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#37
 Carpenter #33



Tolkien writes to Mr. Furth, expressing his current state of being oppressed and unwell due to recent troubles. He submits Farmer Giles for consideratio...
13 October 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#38
 Carpenter #34



In this letter to Stanley Unwin, J.R.R. Tolkien discusses his recent intense work on a sequel to The Hobbit, which has reached Chapter XI. He expresses ...

1944

8 January 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#88
 Carpenter #54



Tolkien offers Christopher advice on prayer and to remember his guardian angel. He reminds him to use "praises", and says of them "if you have these by ...
18 January 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#89
 Carpenter #55



Tolkien apologizes to Christopher for the delay in writing and shares details of recent activities, including giving lectures, discussing Cardiff with G...
1 March 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#90
 Carpenter #56



Tolkien notes the lack of humorous anecdotes due to limited social interactions in recent weeks. He also mentions an encounter with Lewis, who is energe...
30 March 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#91
 Carpenter #57



Tolkien had an outing, seeing the two Lewis brothers and having lunch with C.S. Lewis. During the meeting, Lewis read part of a new story.
3 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#92
 Carpenter #58



Tolkien recounts recent events, including a cycle ride to Pembroke, a train journey to Birmingham, and a visit to his hometown. During the train journey...
5 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#93
 Carpenter #59



Tolkien shares his commitment to completing The Lord of the Rings, expressing the challenges of re-reading and researching while working on the adventur...
13 April 1944 (continued on 15 April)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#94
 Carpenter #60



Tolkien expresses gratitude for a recently received airletter, shares updates about writing progress on The Lord of the Rings and mentions spending time...
18 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#95
 Carpenter #61



Tolkien expresses joy at receiving a batch of letters and, discusses the distressing but unsurprising uncensored accounts of Christopher's experiences, ...
23 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#96
 Carpenter #62



Tolkien gives Christopher an update on his progess on The Two Towers, the second book of The Lord of the Rings. He has read the second chapter, "Passage...
24 April 1944 (continued 26 April)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#97
 Carpenter #63



Tolkien had received an airletter from Christopher that morning and he read it while enjoying breakfast in bed. He describes the events of St. George's ...
30 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#98
 Carpenter #64



Tolkien writes of his longing and concern for Christopher in the midst of war, reflecting on human suffering and the senselessness of conflict. Despite ...
4 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#99
 Carpenter #65



Having read another chapter to C.S. Lewis, Tolkien is now writing the next, and will send Christopher copies as soon as possible.
6 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#100
 Carpenter #66



Tolkien responds to Christopher's letters and acknowledges the challenges and frustrations of life in the military camp during the war. He empathizes wi...
11 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#101
 Carpenter #67



Tolkien completed a fourth new chapter titled 'Faramir,' which received approval from C.S. Lewis and Charles Williams. He notes that he attended church ...
12 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#102
 Carpenter #68



Tolkien spent a morning writing The Lord of the Rings and is now in sight of Minas Morghul. He has been gardening in the midday heat. he expresses his r...
14 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#103
 Carpenter #69



Writing to Christopher, Tolkien updates him on his progress writing The Lord of the Rings. He had needed to sort the study, and "attend to business". He...
21 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#104
 Carpenter #70



Tolkien apologizes for the lapse in correspondence. He gives an update on writing of The Lord of the Rings. He reads for Lewis and Williams and both men...
25 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#142
 Carpenter #71



Tolkien expresses gratitude for the letters he has received from Christopher and briefly mentions an inclination to envy his time in the hills. Tolkien ...
31 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#143
 Carpenter #72



Writing to Christopher with an update on recent happenings. He had dinner in college and notes that "the three old gents" Tolkien notes that he was tryi...
10 June 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#144
 Carpenter #73



Tolkien acknowledges receiving Christopher's air letter and briefly mentions the weather. He provide updates on recent activities, including efforts in ...
29 June 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#145
 Carpenter #74



Stanley Unwin had sent Tolkien a large cheque as payment of royalties on The Hobbit, and mentions that Rayner is now at Oxford reading English. Tolkien ...
7 July 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#146
 Carpenter #75



Tolkien opens this letter by mentioning that he is writing this letter using his new "midget type" typewriter cartridges. These could be interchanged an...
28 July 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#165
 Carpenter #76



Tolkien discusses the name Sam Gamgee, agreeing with Christopher's opinion and explaining the choice to emphasize the character's comic, peasantry, and ...
31 July 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#166
 Carpenter #77



Tolkien reports in a newly published portion that he had received Christopher's airletter of 24 July. He says that his day on Friday was “grim”, as ...
12 August 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#167
 Carpenter #78



Tolkien responds to Christopher's letters, encouraging openness about details of his life. He offers support for navigating challenges and express the n...
22 August 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#168
 Carpenter #79



Tolkien reflects on the cultural landscape, comparing Kroonstad, seen as a genuine product of their culture, with Jo'burg's aspirations. He expresses co...
3 September 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#169
 Carpenter #80



Priscilla has been struggling with The Ballad of the White Horse and trying to parts of it to her has made Tolkien realize it isn't as good as he rememb...
23-25 September 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#170
 Carpenter #81



Tolkien expresses joy at receiving an airgraph before Christopher's departure to Standerton. He discusses the progress of the chapters and promises to s...
30 September 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#171
 Carpenter #82



Engaged in revision, Tolkien reflects on the chapter "King of the Golden Hall" and finds it to be rather good with the perspective of time.
6 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#172
 Carpenter #83



In a newly published portion of this letter Tolkien remarks on what a wonderful week it has been for letters from Christopher. He hopes that letters fro...
12 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#173
 Carpenter #84



Tolkien has discovered a severe problem in timing for events in The Lord of the Rings, and will require much work to fix. He has sent a copy of Leaf by ...
16 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#174
 Carpenter #85



The timeline for The Lord of the Rings is giving Tolkien trouble, but with some small changes to the map and a few extra days here and there seem to hav...
23 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#175
 Carpenter #86



Tolkien has just seen a "skywide armada" fly overhead, but thinks he can mention it in his letter because it will be long gone before any risk of the ne...
25 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#176
 Carpenter #87



Tolkien sends the last two chapters of the fourth book of The Lord of the Rings, and quotes from a letter he has received from a fan who has read The Ho...
28 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#177
 Carpenter #88



A very short excerpt (three sentences) where Tolkien mentions the fading of the current year into "dull grey mournful darkness", and wonders what the ne...
7-8 November 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#178
 Carpenter #89



In regards to Christopher's mentioning of his guardian angel where a particular beam of light had illuminated a dust mote and sparked a deep moment of e...
24 November 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#179
 Carpenter #90



Tolkien expresses joy at receiving several letters from Christopher and comments on the amusing account of the Wings ceremony. He appreciates the mentio...
29 November 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#216
 Carpenter #91



Tolkien sends a small consignment of "The Ring," consisting of the last two chapters that have been written and the end of the Fourth Book. The hero is ...
18 December 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#217
 Carpenter #92



In a newly published portion, Tolkien says that today is the last day for Christmas post arriving in time for Christmas and laments the way the holiday ...
24 December 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#218
 Carpenter #93



Tolkien expresses joy that Christopher enjoyed the next three chapters of "The Ring" and provides information about the schedule for sending the remaini...
28 December 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#219
 Carpenter #94



Tolkien is happy to get so many letters from Christopher, and is very pleased that the third batch of Ring material has gotten to Christopher and that h...

1945

18 January 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#220
 Carpenter #95



Tolkien has been enjoying reading Stenton's Anglo-Saxon England, and wishes he had a time-machine. Tolkien tells Christopher that this is the history "o...
30 January 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#221
 Carpenter #96



Tolkien describes some domestic plumbing troubles that prevented him from meeting up with Lewis in the morning, but the eventually managed to make it to...
11 February 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#222
 Carpenter #97



Tolkien describes a letter he has written to the Catholic Herald, in rebuttal to someone who thinks Coventry is derived from Convent.
Undated (circa 18 March 1945)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#223
 Carpenter #98



Tolkien expresses deep concern about Rayner, who is off to war, and mentions that his son Christopher has become great friends with Chris Unwin. One of ...
15 May 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Florence (Michal) Williams
#224
 Carpenter #99



Tolkien expresses sympathy to Ms. Williams and her son, and his grief over the loss of her husband Charles Williams. The transcript in Carpenter's Lette...
29 May 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#225
 Carpenter #100



Tolkien remarks that he would be comforted if Christopher could be re-commissioned out of the R.A.F. Christopher had recently returned from service. He ...
3 June 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#247
 Carpenter #101



The Civil Defense was staging a stand-down parade Tolkien felt was mockery, because "Wars are always lost".
9 August 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#248
 Carpenter #102



Tolkien expresses profound horror and disbelief at the news of atomic bombs, describing the scientists involved as "lunatic physicists" and condemning t...
11 October 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#249
 Carpenter #103



Tolkien took a new position, the Merton Professorship of English Language and Literature, and remarks on the occasion.
22 October 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#250
 Carpenter #104



Tolkien and the dons met, chatted and had dinner among other activities.

1950

5 February 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Milton Waldman
#275
 Carpenter #123



Tolkien had "dumped" the manuscript of The Lord of the Rings on Milton Waldman just as he was going on holiday, and Tolkien felt bad burdoning him with ...
24 February 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#276
 Carpenter #124



Tolkien writes to Stanley Unwin, mentioning various topics but chief among them is The Lord of the Rings. Stranded without a publisher, and the work now...
10 March 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#277
 Carpenter #125



Tolkien compares his two great stories the War of the Ring and the War of the Jewels and remarks on the Farmer Giles sales figures.
10 March 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Milton Waldman
#293
 Carpenter #126



Unwin wants to break up Tolkien's "monstrous Saga", and Tolkien hopes Unwin will let the project go so Tolkien can publish The Lord of the Rings and The...
14 April 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#294
 Carpenter #127



Relations between Tolkien and Allen & Unwin had begun to become strained as Tolkien felt that A&U were not open to publishing his work as he would have ...
1 August 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#295
 Carpenter #128



Tolkien was sent proofs for a new edition of The Hobbit and remarks on how The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit are interlinked. He was not expecting hi...
10 September 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#296
 Carpenter #129



Tolkien writes about the new revised edition of The Hobbit.
14 September 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#297
 Carpenter #130



Tolkien sends in a new version of CH 5 of the Hobbit.

1953

24 March 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#352
 Carpenter #136



Tolkien writes to Rayner Unwin about the challenges he's faced leading up to the contract day for The Lord of the Rings. He is also concerned about Edit...
11 April 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#353
 Carpenter #137



Tolkien apologizes for the delay in sending the revised manuscript for The Lord of the Rings. His move was incredibly challenging. Tolkien has finally c...
4 August 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#354
 Carpenter #138



Tolkien expresses his frustration with the galleys of his work, The Lord of the Rings. He finds the process tedious and mentions that the printed versio...
8 August 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#355
 Carpenter #139



Tolkien writes about The Lord of the Rings and he suggests some titles if it is published in three volumes. He was also concerned about whether the publ...
17 August 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#356
 Carpenter #140



Tolkien expresses gratitude for Rayner's visit. He proposes titles for the volumes of The Lord of the Rings and his rationale behind the titles.
9 October 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#369
 Carpenter #141



Tolkien expresses frustration and anxiety over the "maps", as he believed they were an essential part of The Lord of the Rings.
2 December 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Father Robert Murray
#370
 Carpenter #142



Robert Murray had offered Tolkien some thought on The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien replied that The Lord of the Rings is a Catholic work, describing it as...

1954

22 January 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#371
 Carpenter #143



Tolkien writes about corrections to Book III and Book IV.
25 April 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#372
 Carpenter #144



Tolkien writes about his use of languages in the book and explains the challenges faced in creating maps for The Lord of the Rings. He discusses the dis...
13 May 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#390
 Carpenter #145



Tolkien is pleased with positive early opinions about his work. He notes his dissatisfaction with the Houghton Mifflin effort, and gives some suggestion...
3 June 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd, [to Ronald Eames]
#391
 Carpenter #146



Tolkien does not approve of the proofs for the jacket of The Lord of the Rings, which he finds very ugly. He suggests some changes to the design of the ...
15 June 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#392
 Carpenter #147



Tolkien expresses his delight in receiving an advance copy of The Fellowship of the Ring, he finds the jacket much improved and striking, particularly l...
7 August 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#393
 Carpenter #148



Tolkien expresses concerns about misprints in The Fellowship of the Ring. He highlights a disagreement over a botanical term, corrected by the printers....
9 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#394
 Carpenter #149



Tolkien expresses his relief that the critiques were better than feared. He acknowledges the disadvantage of issuing the work in three parts, with criti...
18 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#395
 Carpenter #150



Tolkien is unable to submit any of the Appendices. The delay is attributed to promises made in Volume I, which are proving very difficult to meet.
18 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#398
 Carpenter #151



Tolkien shares thoughts on the fascination of The Lord of the Rings. The author hopes to include an upcoming note on translation. The letter ends with t...
23 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Heppenstall
#399
 Carpenter #152



Tolkien discusses the English dialogue in The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth, Beorhthelm's Son that should be used in the BBC Radio programme. In the 2023 rev...
25 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#402
 Carpenter #154



Tolkien responds to Mrs. Mitchison's kind letter and her generous and perceptive review of The Lord of the Rings. He discusses the complexity of the wor...
25 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#403
 Carpenter #155



Tolkien responds to Mrs Mitchison's about the concept of "magic" in his works, particularly in The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien acknowledges that it is a ...
late September 1954?
J.R.R. Tolkien to Peter Hastings
#401
 Carpenter #153



Tolkien responds to a reader's extensive analysis and questions about The Lord of the Rings. Amongst many topics, Tolkien discusses the unique fate of H...
4 November 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Father Robert Murray
#404
 Carpenter #156



Tolkien addresses several topics related to The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien discusses the characters Smeagol and Gandalf (including the nature of the Ist...
27 November 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#405
 Carpenter #157



Tolkien expresses regret for not having written or offered help during the recipient's difficult times, and suggests the possibility of contributing fun...
2 December 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#406
 Carpenter #158



Tolkien briefly mentions having only had time to glance at the Houghton Mifflin 'jacket' information. He thinks it was written by someone who hasn't rea...

1955

3 March 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Dora Marshall
#407
 Carpenter #159



Tolkien reflects on the challenges of getting their story published, expressing surprise and delight at the positive reception. Tolkien recalls a conver...
6 March 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#408
 Carpenter #160



Tolkien regrets having promised the appendices to The Lord of the Rings. He acknowledges the demand for detailed information but is finding this very di...
14 April 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#409
 Carpenter #161



Tolkien expresses frustration with creating a map for The Lord of the Rings.
18 April 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#410
 Carpenter #162



Christopher Tolkien had re-drawn Tolkien's draft-map of the area of Gondor and Rohan.
7 June 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to W. H. Auden
#476
 Carpenter #163



Tolkien shares insights into the origins and inspirations behind his writing, particularly focusing on The Lord of the Rings. He discusses the evolution...
29 June 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#477
 Carpenter #164



Tolkien describes a challenging and overwhelming period with an excessive workload, emphasizing the strain it has taken. He mentions booksellers, includ...
30 June 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Houghton Mifflin Co.
#478
 Carpenter #165



Tolkien discusses some questions from The New York Times. He talks about the name, TOLKIEN, his ancestors, and even though he was born in Africa, he con...
22 July 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#479
 Carpenter #166



Tolkien expresses dissatisfaction with the current proofreading procedure and raises concerns about potential errors in the published volume.
15 August 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher & Faith Tolkien
#480
 Carpenter #167



Tolkien writes about his Italian holiday. Tolkien and Priscilla visited Assisi and Venice.
7 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Richard Jeffery
#481
 Carpenter #168



Tolkien responds to Mr. Jeffery's letter. Tolkien discusses the command of Elvish script and mentions the upcoming release of Volume III, which will inc...
11 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#482
 Carpenter #169



Tolkien was asked about 'Numinor' in C.S. Lewis's That Hideous Strength and responds that it is a form of unintended borrowing. Tolkien clarifies that t...
18 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#517
 Carpenter #171



Tolkien addresses the criticism of his use of deliberate archaism in his writing and strongly defends his choice to use this in The Lord of the Rings as...
30 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Philip Unwin (Allen & Unwin Ltd.)
#483
 Carpenter #170



Tolkien feels that his life may be in danger if The Return of the King is not published soon. This letter is held at the 'Tolkien–George Allen & Unwin...
12 October 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Philip Unwin (Allen & Unwin Ltd.)
#518
 Carpenter #172



Tolkien writes to Allen & Unwin, stressing that they must publish The Return of the King on the 20th October 1955. The letter is held at the 'Tolkien–...
24 October 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#521
 Carpenter #173



Tolkien delivered his O'Donnell lecture, English and Welsh, on the 21st October 1955 and mentions that The Return of the King was published on the 20th ...
10 November 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Lord Halsbury
#522
 Carpenter #174



Tolkien expresses gratitude for Lord Halsbury's approval and interest in his work. He discusses the surprising success of The Lord of the Rings and foll...
30 November 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Molly Waldron
#524
 Carpenter #175



Tolkien writes about the radio adaption of The Lord of the Rings. He specifically criticizes the portrayal of events around Tom Bombadil and Goldberry. ...
?December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Straight
#530
 Carpenter #181



Tolkien responds to a reviewer's questions about The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien discusses that the story is meant to be enjoyed as a fairy tale. He ment...
8 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#226
 Carpenter #176



Tolkien mentions his O'Donnell Lectures in Celtic Studies. He expresses disappointment in the radio broadcast adaptations of The Lord of the Rings. Tolk...
8 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#526
 Carpenter #177



Tolkien expresses his agreement with critics' negative views on the radio adaptation of The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien anticipates negative responses to...
12 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#527
 Carpenter #178



Tolkien writes about Victorian Warwickshire as an inspiration for the Shire. Additional quotes from this letter appear in Chronology. The original is he...
14 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#528
 Carpenter #179



Tolkien is happy to accept criticism of The Lord of the Rings.

1956

14 January 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Thompson
#529
 Carpenter #180



Tolkien expresses gratitude for a reader's encouraging letter. He writes that his work began during World War I and evolved into the invention of legend...
?Late January 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Notes on W. H. Auden’s review of The Return of the King
#532
 Carpenter #183



These are Tolkien's notes based on a review by W.H. Auden. He argues that his story is not an allegory of his personal experiences but a depiction of hu...
18 March 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Sam Gamgee
#533
 Carpenter #184



Tolkien writes to a Mr Sam Gamgee from Tooting. He mentions how he came up with the name Gamgee, and mentions "cotton-wool" and the Gamgee family from B...
19 March 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#534
 Carpenter #185



Tolkien wrote to Christopher about #TCGLetter533.
April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joanna de Bortadano
#535
 Carpenter #186



Tolkien dismisses the idea that his story is an allegory of atomic power. Tolkien mentions the significance of humility and equality as spiritual princi...
3 April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#536
 Carpenter #188



Tolkien expresses his strong concern about the translation of The Lord of the Rings. As a professional linguist and the author of the work, he emphasize...
11 April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to M. Wilson
#537
 Carpenter #189



Tolkien responded to Mrs. Wilson stating that The Lord of the Rings should really be read by adults, as it was not a work aimed at children.
16 April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to H [Humphrey]. Cotton Minchin
#243
 Carpenter #187



Tolkien describes himself as a philologist, and sometime calligrapher. An index of Elvish names was intended to be produced, noting that his 'specialist...
?Late June or July 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Houghton Mifflin Co.
#531
 Carpenter #182



Tolkien hoped that he would be able to publish parts of The Silmarillion After the success of The Lord of the Rings he hoped it may be reconsidered.
3 July 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#538
 Carpenter #190



Tolkien expresses strong objections to the Dutch translation of The Lord of the Rings. He vehemently opposes any alteration or translation of the nomenc...
26 July 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss J. Burn
#553
 Carpenter #191



Tolkien reflects on Frodo's role in the destruction of the Ring and discusses the theological implications of his actions. Tolkien rejects the notion of...
27 July 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Amy Ronald
#554
 Carpenter #192



Tolkien responds to a letter discussing Frodo's perceived failure in the story. Tolkien defends Frodo's inability to surrender the Ring as an inevitable...
2 November 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Terence Tiller
#555
 Carpenter #193



Tolkien discusses the concept of "accent" in the context of representing different languages, particularly the Common Speech (C.S.) in his legendarium. ...
6 November 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Terence Tiller
#556
 Carpenter #194



Tolkien responds to Mr Tiller regarding a dramatic or semi-dramatic representation of The Lord of the Rings. He questions whether listeners unfamiliar w...
15 December 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Amy Ronald
#557
 Carpenter #195



Tolkien discusses Frodo's attitude towards weapons and clarifies that Frodo was not a modern "pacifist."

1957

21 March 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#558
 Carpenter #196



Tolkien mentions Jack Lewis and acknowledges having limited knowledge of Lewis's troubles. In the 2023 revised edition of Letters, a brief introductory ...
9 May 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#559
 Carpenter #197



Tolkien expresses gratitude for a letter from GA&U and contemplates the idea of retiring in July and reflects on the financial and health implications. ...
19 June 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#560
 Carpenter #198



Tolkien expresses a personal openness to the idea of an animated motion picture based on his work.
24 June 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Caroline Everett
#561
 Carpenter #199



Tolkien was not inclined to offer any biographical details, as he doubted their relevance. Though he does go on to give some biographical facts. This le...
25 June 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Major Bowen
#562
 Carpenter #200



Tolkien provides an explanation of Sauron's nature and his role in the world.
7 September 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#576
 Carpenter #201



Tolkien expresses dissatisfaction with the current script for the proposed film version of The Lord of the Rings. Previously, Wayne G. Hammond and Chris...
11 September 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher and Faith Tolkien
#577
 Carpenter #202



Tolkien describes his meeting with Sir Stanley Unwin and Mr Ackerman, they decided upon a policy to deal with film rights.
17 November 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Herbert Schiro
#327
 Carpenter #203



In response to a letter from Herbert Schiro asking about allegory in The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien quite angrily dismisses these readings. Much of this...
7 December 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#578
 Carpenter #204



Tolkien discusses a letter from Halsbury expressing admiration for the Silmarillion material and anticipation for its publication. Tolkien mentions a le...

1958

21 February 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#579
 Carpenter #205



Tolkien congratulates Christopher on a paper that he gave at St Anne's College.
8 April 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#580
 Carpenter #206



Tolkien describes in great detail his trip to Rotterdam.
8 April 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#581
 Carpenter #207



Tolkien expresses his intent to review the "Story-Line" provided by Zimmerman for the animated film adaptation of The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien indicat...
10 April 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to C. Ouboter
#582
 Carpenter #208



Tolkien describes the 'message' in The Lord of the Rings.
4 May 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Robert Murray, S.J.
#583
 Carpenter #209



Tolkien discusses philology and the original meaning of words.
9 June 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Forrest J. Ackerman
#584
 Carpenter #210



After receiving the script sent from Morton Grady Zimmerman Tolkien replies with (in parts) stinging criticism. He opens by apologising for sounding irr...
[late 1958-early 1959]
J.R.R. Tolkien to A.C. Nunn
#586
 Carpenter #214



Tolkien describes Hobbit history and the process of giving and receiving gifts in the Shire.
14 October 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rhona Beare
#400
 Carpenter #211



Tolkien responds to questions, explaining the inspiration and meaning behind various elements in The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien concludes by emphasizing...
14 October 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rhona Beare
#585
 Carpenter #212



Tolkien describes the creation of the World and then of the Dwarves by Aulë in draft that was never sent to Beare.
25 October 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Deborah Webster
#340
 Carpenter #213



Tolkien expresses reluctance to divulge personal details but acknowledges some significant facts about himself. He shares personal preferences, includin...

1961

5 January 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs E. C. Ossendrijver
#465
 Carpenter #227



Of this letter, a large portion was published as Letter #227 in The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien. In the opening portion of this letter to Madam Ossendrijv...
24 January 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#603
 Carpenter #228



Tolkien writes about including the Appendices of The Lord of the Rings in translations. Quoted selections from the letter appear in Chronology that are ...
23 February 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#604
 Carpenter #229



Tolkien’s commentary on Åke Ohlmarks’ introduction to the Swedish translation of The Lord of the Rings.
8 June 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rhona Beare
#605
 Carpenter #230



Answering various questions about The Lord of the Rings. A photocopy of original letter with a complete transcript is held at the Marquette archives.
4 October 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jane Neave
#606
 Carpenter #231



Tolkien writes to his Aunt Jane about publishing Tom Bombadil.
4 November 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joyce Reeves
#607
 Carpenter #232



Tolkien talks about his pre-WWI trip to the Alps.
15 November 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#608
 Carpenter #233



Allen & Unwin agree to publish The Adventures of Tom Bombadil.
22 November 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jane Neave
#609
 Carpenter #234



Tolkien sends some poems that he is considering for The Adventures of Tom Bombadil. A lecture he gave on fairy stories at St Andrews consolidated his vi...
6 December 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Pauline Baynes
#610
 Carpenter #235



Pauline Baynes, who had illustrated Farmer Giles of Ham, had expressed herself willing to provide pictures for The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, and had b...
30 December 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#611
 Carpenter #236



Tolkien has read the Puffin Hobbit and was not impressed with changes made to the book. Chronology contains additional quoted material beyond what appea...

1962

12 April 1962
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#612
 Carpenter #237



Tolkien discusses progress with The Adventures of Tom Bombadil. Chronology contains additional material quoted beyond what appears in Letters. The origi...
18 July 1962
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jane Neave
#613
 Carpenter #238



Writing to his aunt, Jane Neave, and in a newly published From the original Letters, 1981. Tolkien had sent Jane a cheque, but she returned it suggestin...
20 July 1962
J.R.R. Tolkien to Alina Dadlez
#614
 Carpenter #239



Writing to Alina Dadlez, Tolkien explains his displeasure at the Spanish translation of 'Hobbit' and remarks back to the "private fancies" of the transl...
1 August 1962
J.R.R. Tolkien to Pauline Baynes
#615
 Carpenter #240



Pauline Baynes, who was illustrating The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, pointed out that the typescript of the title poem described Tom as wearing a peacoc...
8-9 September 1962
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jane Neave
#616
 Carpenter #241



Tolkien writes about his lecture 'English and Welsh' and about 'Leaf by Niggle'.
28 November 1962
J.R.R. Tolkien to Sir Stanley Unwin
#617
 Carpenter #242



The Adventures of Tom Bombadil was published on 22 November. Additional quotes and context appear in Chronology than what is in Letters. The original le...
19 December 1962
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#618
 Carpenter #243



Tolkien sends a Christmas message to Michael. He mentions sales figures for The Adventures of Tom Bombadil and was very pleased that a ‘Festschrift’...

1963

c. 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Unknown
#619
 Carpenter #244



A fragment at the top of which Tolkien has written: ‘Comments on a criticism (now lost?) concerning Faramir & Eowyn (c. 1963).’
25 June 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rhona Beare
#620
 Carpenter #245



Answers to the following questions: (1) In the ‘English runes’ used for Anglo-Saxon inscriptions, the rune does not stand for G as it does in The Lo...
20 September 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Colonel Worskett
#622
 Carpenter #247



Tolkien writes about The Lord of the Rings, comparisons to The Hobbit, some discussion of the material being worked on for The Silmarillion, and a lengt...
22 September 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Eileen Elgar
#507
 Carpenter #246



Tolkien answers questions about The Lord of the Rings, especially regarding the failure of Frodo. Marquette archives have a partial transcript along wit...
5 October 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Sir Stanley Unwin
#623
 Carpenter #248



Allen & Unwin were to publish a paperback consisting of Tolkien’s lecture ‘On Fairy-stories’ and his short story ‘Leaf by Niggle’. An addition...
16 October 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael George Tolkien
#624
 Carpenter #249



Tolkien describes his visit to the Hotel Miramar in Bournemouth. Chronology contains a few additional quotes from the letter that do not appear in Carpe...
1 November 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#625
 Carpenter #250



Tolkien thanks Michael for his letter. He gives him some fatherly advice and talks about his Christian faith. He was interested in how Michael George wa...
?Late November -?early December 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#627
 Carpenter #252



Tolkien writes about the death of C.S. Lewis.
26 November 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Priscilla Tolkien
#626
 Carpenter #251



Tolkien discusses the death of C.S. Lewis.
23 December 1963
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#628
 Carpenter #253



It had been agreed that the new paperback (see no. 248) should be given the title Tree and Leaf. Rayner Unwin asked if Tolkien could suggest a suitable ...

1964

9 January 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rev. Denis Tyndall
#629
 Carpenter #254



Tyndall, an old boy of King Edward’s, Birmingham, had written to Tolkien recalling their schooldays together.
5 March 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Eileen Elgar
#164
 Carpenter #255



Eileen Elgar wrote to Tolkien asking for information about The Silmarillion. Included in his reply was a nine page manuscript, with genealogical tree il...
13 May 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Colin Bailey
#630
 Carpenter #256



An account of Tolkien’s unfinished story ‘The New Shadow’. Hammond and Scull's Chronology mentions that this letter was started on May 13, but set...
16 July 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Bretherton
#631
 Carpenter #257



Tolkien wrote that he usually typed letters because of his handwriting (which can be very difficult to read at times). He talks about the invention of h...
2 August 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#632
 Carpenter #258



During 1964 an Aquastroll hydrofoil, which made a trial crossing from Calais to Dover, was given the name Shadowfax (the name of the horse ridden by Gan...
7 August 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Anne Barrett (Houghton Mifflin)
#633
 Carpenter #259



Tolkien discusses Charles Williams and then explains why Tree and Leaf is called Tree and Leaf.
16 August 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Carey Blyton
#634
 Carpenter #260



Blyton had asked Tolkien’s permission to compose a Hobbit Overture.
30 August 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Anne Barrett (Houghton Mifflin)
#635
 Carpenter #261



A comment on an article about C. S. Lewis by one of his former pupils, George Bailey, in The Reporter, 23 April 1964.
7 September 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael di Capua
#636
 Carpenter #262



Tolkien responds to a query from Pantheon Books about writing a preface to George MacDonald’s The Golden Key. It never got past the draft stage, but l...
10 September 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Houghton Mifflin
#637
 Carpenter #263



Tolkien is not happy with the design of HMCo's Tree and Leaf.
11 September 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joy Hill
#638
 Carpenter #264



Tolkien really does not like the design of HMCo's Tree and Leaf. He comments negatively on Carole Ward's proposal for a serialization of The Lord of the...
11 November 1964
J.R.R. Tolkien to David Kolb, S.J.
#639
 Carpenter #265



Tolkien was asked about his views on the works of C.S. Lewis.

1965

6 January 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael George Tolkien
#571
 Carpenter #266



In this letter from Tolkien to his grandson, who was studying at St. Andrew's University, Tolkien apologizes that his translations of Sir Gawain and the...
9-10 January 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#640
 Carpenter #267



Tolkien talks about the death of Dr C.T. Onions and his memories of Fr. Francis.
19 January 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss A. P. Northey
#641
 Carpenter #268



Tolkien describes what happened to Shadowfax at the end of The Lord of the Rings (he went with Gandalf into the West).
12 May 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to W.H. Auden
#642
 Carpenter #269



Auden had asked Tolkien if the notion of the Orcs, an entire race that was irredeemably wicked, was not heretical.
20 May 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#644
 Carpenter #270



Tolkien had sent Unwin the typescript of his new story Smith of Wootton Major. It seemed to Unwin to need the companionship of other stories to make a s...
25 May 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#645
 Carpenter #271



Tolkien writes about revising The Lord of the Rings. Additional quotes from this letter concerning the revising of Sir Gawain are published in Chronolog...
20 July 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Zillah Sherring
#646
 Carpenter #272



In a second-hand bookshop in Salisbury, Wiltshire, Zillah Sherring found and bought a copy of The Fifth Book of Thucydides which contained a number of s...
21 July 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Nan C. Scott
#647
 Carpenter #273



Mrs Scott was a leading campaigner in the battle to keep the pirate edition of The Lord of the Rings out of the American bookshops.
28 July 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Austin Olney
#648
 Carpenter #274



Tolkien discusses revising The Lord of the Rings and the maps. Additional quotes can be found in the Chronology entry for this letter. The original is i...
4 August 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to W.H. Auden
#649
 Carpenter #275



Auden had invited Tolkien to contribute to a festschrift marking the retirement of Nevill Coghill. He also asked if Tolkien knew that a ‘New York Tolk...
12 September 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Dick Plotz
#650
 Carpenter #276



Tolkien writes about The Silmarillion, the Númenórean legends, and his friendship with C.S. Lewis. He discusses the formation of the Tolkien Society o...
12 September 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#651
 Carpenter #277



In August 1965 Ballantine Books produced the first ‘authorized’ American paperback of The Hobbit, without incorporating Tolkien’s revisions to the...
20 October 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Clyde S. Kilby
#652
 Carpenter #278



In the portion of this letter published in The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien he writes to Kilby about book, Light on C.S. Lewis. From a personal visit to th...
30 October 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael George Tolkien
#653
 Carpenter #279



Tolkien discusses money worries. Other parts of the letter are detailed in The J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: Chronology.
8 November 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1010
 Carpenter #280



Tolkien is working on drafts of Sir Gawain and Pearl and finding interesting words and passages that he hopes to write up for academic journals. An expa...
15 December 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#654
 Carpenter #281



Tolkien writes about a new UK paperback edition of The Hobbit. He comments on replacing the note explaining Bilbo's changed story and the two Thrains wi...
18 December 1965
J.R.R. Tolkien to Clyde S. Kilby
#655
 Carpenter #282



Professor Kilby, of Wheaton College, Illinois, had met Tolkien while visiting Oxford in 1964. He now offered to return to England and help Tolkien in an...

1966

7 January 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to Benjamin P. Indick
#656
 Carpenter #283



An example of a stock reply to readers.
23 February 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to W.H. Auden
#657
 Carpenter #284



Auden told Tolkien that he had agreed to write a short book about him, in collaboration with Peter H. Salus, for a seres entitled Christian Perspectives...
8 April 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to W.H. Auden
#658
 Carpenter #285



Tolkien writes about his reaction to Auden's comments on his house.
27 April 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to A. E. Couchman
#659
 Carpenter #286



The following is one of many short replies that Tolkien wrote at this period of his life to readers who asked questions about his books. Its characteris...
10 May 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joy Hill
#660
 Carpenter #287



Tolkien’s telephone number was still in the Oxford directory, and he was sometimes bothered by calls from ‘fans’. A harsh critique of a particular...
10 May 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to Professor Norman Davis
#661
 Carpenter #288



Tolkien writes about a bust being made of him. His daughter-in-Law is the sculpter and he has decided to have it cast in bronze at his own expense. It w...
29 July 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael George Tolkien
#662
 Carpenter #289



Tolkien discusses the etymology of Mirkwood. Brief quotes from this letter included in Chronology show that he also talked about the typewriters he uses...
28 October 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael George Tolkien
#663
 Carpenter #290



Tolkien's grandson is studying at Oxford. Tolkien writes about his views on 'research' and reading Smith of Wootton Major the previous week instead of g...
22 November 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to Walter Hooper
#664
 Carpenter #291



Hooper had sent Tolkien a new volume of Lewis’s writings, which he had edited.
12 December 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joy Hill
#665
 Carpenter #292



Tolkien had been sent details of a proposed ‘sequel’ to The Lord of the Rings that a ‘fan’ was going to write himself.
29 December 1966
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Foster
#666
 Carpenter #293



Tolkien was asked to be interviewed for The Scotsman.

1971

8 January 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to Roger Lancelyn Green
#414
 Carpenter #319



Tolkien writes to Roger about his thoughts on the origin of the word Hobbit.
25 January 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs Ruth Austin
#415
 Carpenter #320



Tolkien discusses Galadriel. He notes that he owes much of her character to Catholocism and Christian teachings.
4 February 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to P. Rorke, S.J.
#416
 Carpenter #321



Tolkien describes the Caverns of Helm's Deep as being influenced by Cheddar Gorge.
18 March 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Cater
#417
 Carpenter #322



Tolkien writes about progress on the Silmarillion.
about 2 June 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#418
 Carpenter #323



Tolkien describes his visit to Sidmouth.
4-5 June 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to Graham Tayar
#419
 Carpenter #324



Tolkien writes about about the use of the name ‘Gamgee’ in The Lord of the Rings, and whether the name ‘Gondor’ had been suggested by Gondar in ...
17 July 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to Roger Lancelyn Green
#420
 Carpenter #325



Tolkien writes about Aman and what happens to mortals, such as Frodo, when they go there. In a portion published in the C.S. Lewis Biography by Green To...
24 July 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#421
 Carpenter #326



Tolkien writes to Rayner about his becoming Chairman of GA&U. A brief quote about Edith's health is reproduced in Chronology.
25 August 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to Dr. Robert Boyer
#298
 Carpenter #327



Tolkien replies to Dr. Boyer about W.H. Auden whom he regarded as a "great friend" and supporter. In a handwritten postscript (or separate undated lette...
Autumn 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to Carole Batten-Phelps
#422
 Carpenter #328



Tolkien talks about The Lord of the Rings and confesses that he feels it no longer belongs to him.
October 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to Peter Szabó Szentmihályi
#423
 Carpenter #329



Tolkien shares his views on author's biographies.
1 November 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Cater
#424
 Carpenter #330



Tolkien thanks William Cater for his letter, He had been interviewed by William Cater for the Sunday Times. The article was published on the 2nd January...
29 November 1971
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Cater
#425
 Carpenter #331



Tolkien writes to William Cater about the death of his wife, "Edith Tolkien" and his utter bereavement. In the 2023 revised edition of Letters, a brief ...

1972

24 January 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#426
 Carpenter #332



Tolkien writes to his son about the very generous accommodation offered to him by Merton College in Oxford.
16 March 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#427
 Carpenter #333



Tolkien invites Rayner and his wife to visit him in his new flat at Merton.
30 March 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#428
 Carpenter #334



Tolkien thanks Rayner for organizing his trip to London to Buckingham Palace to be awarded the C.B.E., a party at the Garrick Club in his honour and sta...
18 May 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Salmon
#429
 Carpenter #335



Tolkien explains that he does not have time to comment on his works.
23 May 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Sir Patrick Browne
#430
 Carpenter #336



Tolkien writes about being a cult figure.
25 May 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr Wrigley
#431
 Carpenter #337



Tolkien discusses the sources of The Lord of the Rings.
?6 June 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Fr. Douglas Carter
#432
 Carpenter #338



Tolkien discusses the question, did the Ents ever find the Entwives?
30 June 1972 (published 4 July)
J.R.R. Tolkien to The Daily Telegraph
#49
 Carpenter #339



Tolkien writes to the Daily Telegraph newspaper about an editorial which they published on the 29th June 1972. He objects to having his name used as an ...
11 July 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#433
 Carpenter #340



Tolkien writes to Christopher about Edith, her headstone, his thoughts of her as Lúthien and a visit to GA&U's headquarters.
17 September 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Marjorie Incledon
#434
 Carpenter #341



Tolkien discusses his living situation at Merton College. His fame forces him to live behind locked doors.
9 November 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs Meriel Thurston
#435
 Carpenter #342



Tolkien is asked about Elvish names for bulls and herds of cattle.
21 November 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Sterling Lanier
#436
 Carpenter #343



Tolkien describes his use for a drinking goblet sent to him, inscribed with the One Ring inscription. Published (in part) as letter 343 from The Letters...
23 November 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edmund Meskys
#437
 Carpenter #344



Tolkien talks about numerals in The Lord of the Rings. A photocopy with a complete transcript is held at the Marquette archives.
30 November 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs Meriel Thurston
#438
 Carpenter #345



A continuation of #Letter342, where Tolkien continues to discuss naming animals.
13 December 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Lyle Leach
#439
 Carpenter #346



Tolkien expounds upon Gandalf's statement "He that breaks a thing to find out what it is have left the path of wisdom" when responding to someones "dest...
17 December 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien to Richard Jeffery
#384
 Carpenter #347



A reply to the following questions: (1) Does ‘Speak, friend, and enter’ (the inscription over Moria Gate) mean ‘Speak as a friend’, i.e. in a fr...
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