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Guide to Tolkien's Letters


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All letters

(1887 letters match)

1913

January 1913 (after 3 January but no later than 7 January)
Edith Bratt to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1133


Edith replies to Tolkiens letter of January 3rd telling him she is engaged to a George Field, the brother of a school friend. She had accepted this prop...
3 January 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#44


Tolkien commenced this letter at midnight declaring that his love for Edith had not changed in the last three years since they were separated and that h...
January 1913 (after 3 January but no later than 7 January)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Tolkien
#1134


Tolkien replies to Ediths letter and they arrange to meet on 8 January. This letter, although not dated, was written shortly after Tolkiens letter at mi...
15 January 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#998


Tolkien writes to Edith, making mention of the amount of kisses she will owe him for the work he does each week.
17 January 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#999


Tolkien, now reunited with Edith, writes that he will focus more on his studies.
24 January 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1000


Tolkien writes to Edith, saying he is very tempted to slacking off.
26 January 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1135


Writing to Edith, Tolkien says that she is a figure he is waiting for and says he would recognise her even in twilight.
1 February 1913
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#45


This picture postcard depicts the dining hall at Exeter College, and Tolkien has marked his place at the table with an X. He attended Holy Communion in ...
21 March 1913
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1136


Wiseman sends a postcard to Tolkien. Hammond/Scull note that it will be forwarded to Phoenix Farm, Gedling four days later 25 March.
April 1913 (no earlier than 7 April and no later than 27 April)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rob Gilson
#1137


Results from Honour Moderations had been published in the Times, 8 April Tolkien was listed in the Second Class. He wrote to Rob Gilson to inform him of...
27 April 1913
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1138


Rob Gilson replies to Tolkiens April letter informing him of recent results ( Gilson says that he does not know whether to congratulate or commiserate w...
June 1913 (before 9 June)
J.R.R. Tolkien to G.B. Smith
#1139


No details of this letter are currently known but G.B. Smith replies to it on 9 June to ask Tolkien about obtaining furniture, etc. for his rooms. He wa...
June 1913 (before June 10)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rob Gilson
#1141


Tolkien writes a long letter to Rob Gilson some time before 10 June when Gilson replies. Noted in Chronology, he says he is enjoying the Oxford English ...
ca. 10 June 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rob Gilson
#1143


Tolkien replies to Gilson Tolkien saying he will be in Warwick until 28 June. asking if Tolkien will be attending some social dates in Birmingham.
5 June 1913
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1735


Christopher Wiseman writes to Tolkien. Tolkien had injured his foot and Wiseman wishes him a fast recovery so that they can both take part in the King E...
9 June 1913
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1140


Smith replies to a letter from Tolkien ( he received that morning. He asks Tolkien about buying furniture for his rooms when he arrives at Oxford for th...
10 June 1913
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1142


Gilson replying to Tolkiens long letter asks whether Tolkien could attend some dates, he asks if Tolkien can play tennis on 14 June, if he will be in Bi...
12 June 1913
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1144


Gilson writes to Tolkien again asking if he can visit him on 14 June. He includes train times to Warwick from Marston Green. Hammond and Scull note in C...
29 July 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1145


It is assumed Tolkien wrote to Edith in the evening after meeting the Mexican boys that day who he will accompany to Paris. At Charing Cross he meets Mr...
30 July 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1146


Tolkien again writes to Edith, assumed to be upon his arrival in Paris. He mentions further his impression of the boys in his letter of the previous day.
10 August 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1147


Writing to Edith after a day trip to Brittany, Tolkien remarks on its tourist look of dirty papers and bathing machines.
13 August 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Killion
#43


In late July, Tolkien is hired by a Mr. Killion to accompany two Mexican boys on a visit to Paris where their two aunts and brother would join them. Tol...
15 August 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Killion
#1104


Writing from the Hôtel des Champs Elysées to Mr Killion, Tolkien recounts the problems following the death of Ángela. Julia, their other aunt has sai...
17 August 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Killion
#1105


Writing again to Mr. Killion, Tolkien updates him on happenings in Paris. He and Ventura attended Mass and they dined with Madame Cervantes again.
18 August 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Killion
#1106


Tolkien again writes to Mr Killion, convinced that the boys should not return to Mexico but continue their education at Stonyhurst.
18 August 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1148


Writing to Edith again Tolkien says he is certain that he will not be required to travle to Mexico to bring the Mexican boys back for school at Stonyhur...
20 August 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Killion
#1107


Tolkien is concerned that the boys need entertainment and has bought various books cheap for them to read such as King Solomons Mines.
23 August 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Killion
#1108


Tolkien and the boys remained in Paris for another 7 days but no further details can currently be found regarding this letter.
29 August 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1149


Writing to Edith Tolkien tells her he and the boys will be leaving France the next day. They will arrive at Southampton and travel to Hampshire and stay...
16 September 1913
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1150


Christopher Wiseman while visiting Grenoble in France writes to Tolkien asking him to visit Birmingham at the end of September and suggests a gathering ...
Early October 1913
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1151


Hammond and Scull in Chronology note that a postcard from Gilson is forwarded to Warwick from Exeter College though no other details are known currently.
10 October 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1152


Upon his return to Oxford, Tolkien writes a letter to Edith who he had visited in Warwick before he visited Birmingham.
October? 1913
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1115


Christopher is envious that GB Smith has joined Tolkien at Oxford. Letter is tentatively dated based on context given by Garth in Tolkien and the Great ...
Late? 1913
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1116


Rob Gilson writes to Tolkien that Christopher Wiseman isnt happy, and his poor health is preventing him from playing rugby.
3 November 1913
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#46


Tolkien writes to Edith about registering as a reader at the Bodleian Library.
30 November 1913
Rob Gilson to Marriane Cary Gilson
#1736


Writing to his step-mother, Rob Gilson mentions that G.B. Smith and T.K. Barnsley have agreed to play on Tolkiens team in the Rugby football match but o...
5 December 1913
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Editor, King Edward's School Chronicle
#1153


Tolkien writes to the editor of KESC after a request for information about life of the experiences of Old Edwardians at Oxford. Tolkien signed the lette...
?17 - ?19 December 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1184


Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull note that Tolkien informs his T.C.B.S. friends of his engagement to Edith, though he does not give any details of E...
?17 - ?19 December 1913
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rob Gilson
#1185


Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull note that Tolkien informs his T.C.B.S. friends of his engagement to Edith, though he does not give any details of E...
20 December 1913
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1117


Wiseman sends Tolkien a postcard congratulating him on his engagement, but is worried that this will pull Tolkien away from the T.C.B.S.
31 December 1913
🖼
Emily Jane Suffield to Hilary Tolkien
#1240


Emily Jane Suffield writes to Hilary on New Years Eve wishing him well for the coming year and thanks him for his gift and letter for Christmas. She als...

1914

4 January 1914
Robert Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1118


Gilson sincerely congratulates Tolkien on his engagement, but with mixed feelings due to Tolkien likely getting distracted from his friends.
4 January 1914
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1183


Writing to Tolkien to offer his congratulations, Rob Gilson also asks Tolkien to attend a meeting of the T.C.B.S. next week. Tolkien would not attend th...
14 January 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1186


Writing to Edith, Tolkien remarks that the life they can look forward to will be made all the more joyful given they are both orphans.
17 February 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Marianne Cary Gilson
#1187


Rob Gilson writes to his stepmother, Marianne Cary Gilson after a weekend in Oxford with Christopher Wiseman, T.K. Barnsley, G.B. Smith and Tolkien. A s...
17 February 1914
Rob Gilson to Marriane Cary Gilson
#1737


Rob Gilson writes to his step-mother. He mentions members of the T.C.B.S. noting that T.K. Barnsley, dominant in gathering with his wit and laconic expr...
22 February 1914
Rob Gilson to Marriane Cary Gilson
#1738


Further to his letter of 17 February, Gilson talks more on the members of the T.C.B.S.
28 February 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1188


Tolkien writes to Edith, complaining of his prospects of employment, as he sees them.
22 May 1914
Rob Gilson to Marriane Cary Gilson
#1739


Writing to his step-mother, Rob Gilson tells her that Tolkien is quite a great authority on etymology - an enthusiast.
5 August 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1189


Tolkien writes to Edith about his hikes in Cornwall with Father Vincent Reade of the Birmingham Oratory. The two were visiting the Lizard Peninsula from...
8 August 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1119


Tolkien writes to Edith about his hikes in Cornwall with Father Vincent Reade of the Birmingham Oratory. The two were visiting the Lizard Peninsula from...
11 August 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1190


Tolkien writes to Edith about his hikes in Cornwall with Father Vincent Reade of the Birmingham Oratory. The two were visiting the Lizard Peninsula from...
14 August 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1191


Tolkien writes to Edith about his hikes in Cornwall with Father Vincent Reade of the Birmingham Oratory. The two were visiting the Lizard Peninsula from...
August 16 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1120


Tolkien looks forward to seeing Edith in three days. Tolkien writes to Edith about his hikes in Cornwall with Father Vincent Reade of the Birmingham Ora...
23 August 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to May Incledon
#1192


While staying in Northgate, Warwick at the White House, Tolkien writes to his aunt May Incledon. No other details are currently available.
30 August 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs. Stafford
#1193


While staying in Northgate, Warwick at the White House, Tolkien writes to a Mrs. Stafford in Oxford to say that he will be back for term time.
11 October 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1194


Writing to Edith on the first day of Michaelmas Full Term, Tolkien describes the situation at Oxford. His college is empty and the Examinations School h...
13 October 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1195


Writing to Edith, Tolkien mentions that Oxford is a place of gloom.
c. 23 (or 26*) October 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1
 Carpenter #1



Written during Tolkiens final undergraduate year at Oxford. Describes his studies and social interactions. Note on the dating of this letter: Humphrey C...
22 October 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1334


Tolkien mentions that drill is a godsend. He has exercise 3 mornings a week before getting to books which he says suits him well. We wrongly atributed t...
Before 15 November 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1197


Writing to Wiseman Tolkien notes that the power of the T.C.B.S. can shake the world.
9 November 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1121


Tolkien writes to Wiseman about nationalism the evening before a debate at the Stapledon Society on this same topic.
10 November 1914
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1196


Wiseman asks Tolkien if he will be able to set aside a few days to join him in London during the Christmas vacation, noting that Gilson and Smith will b...
15 November 1914
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1198


Wiseman writes to Tolkien, saying he fears the T.C.B.S. is drifting apart and does not have the same interests. They are now at Oxford and Cambridge and...
16 November 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1110


Writing to his friend, after reading parts of Wisemans letter to G.B. Smith, Tolkien agrees that the group (T.C.B.S.) has drifted apart but that it is i...
16 November 1914
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1111


Wiseman wrote, crossing with Tolkiens letter of the same day (#TCGLetter1110) to say that Rob Gilson was free and can attend a T.C.B.S. meeting on 12 De...
27 November 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#2
 Carpenter #2



Writing to Edith, Tolkien describes his day. He had dinner with a man called Earp (T.W. Earp, the Secretary of the Exeter College Essay Club) and attend...
29 November 1914
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#141


Tolkien opens by saying he has to write after reading Ediths letter again. He describes various things he has been doing in the military, school and chu...
29 November 1914
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1199


Tolkien describes his evening manoeuvres with the cadets to Edith in this letter. The cadets fall in near the Bodleian Library. Tolkien describes the we...

1915

1 March 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1200


Writing to Tolkien, Rob Gilson asks him to attend a meeting of the T.C.B.S. in Cambridge on the weekend of 6-7 March.
2 March 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1201


Following Gilsons letter of the previous day (#TCGLetter1200) Wiseman also writes to Tolkien asking his to attend the T.C.B.S. meeting. He says that G.B...
?after 2 March 1915, no later than the morning of 11 March 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1204


Tolkien writes saying he has set himself a specific day for replying to letters and evidently suggests a meeting of the group.
?15 (possibly, less likely, 22) March 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1207


Further to Smiths earlier letter (#TCGLetter1203) and Tolkiens assumed reply with typewritten verse (#TCGLetter1206), Smith replies that he has received...
6 March 1915
Christopher Wiseman, Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1202


Their letters of 1 March (#TCGLetter1200) and 2 March (#TCGLetter1201) had gone unanswered so Wiseman and Gilson send Tolkien a telegram. They suggest, ...
?10 March 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1203


While at Magdalen College, G.B. Smith writes to Tolkien. Hammond and Scull note that Tolkien had sent Smith his poem on Eärendel, or the first part of ...
?10-15 March
J.R.R. Tolkien to G.B. Smith
#1206


It is evident that Tolkien replied to Smiths letter requesting typewritten copies of his poems (see #TCGLetter1203) but this is not dated in Chronology.
11 March 1915
Christopher Wiseman (wt comments from Rob Gilson) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1205


Wiseman and Gilson had reread one of Tolkiens letters, he includes comments from Gilson. It appears that Tolkien had written (see #TCGLetter1204) saying...
Before 26 March 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1210


Tolkien sends a postcard to Christopher Wiseman in which he suggests some dates (11 or 17 April 1915) for a meeting of the T.C.B.S. The exact dating of ...
22 March 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1208


Gilson writes explaining that he cannot keep weekends open for T.C.B.S. meetings and that he needs to know at once which weekends work best for Tolkien.
?25 March 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1209


Writing to Tolkien, Smith mentions that he has shown Tolkiens verse to H.T. Wade-Gery who is friends with them both. Wade-Gery enjoys Tolkiens poems and...
26 March 1915 (postmark*)
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1211


Replying to Tolkiens postcard (#TCGLetter1210) saying he doubts he will be able to attend either 11 or 17 April meetings of the T.C.B.S., these dates we...
30 March 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1212


Wise has now moved to Cleeve Hill, Cheltenham and writes to Tolkien proposing 18 April for a meeting of the T.C.B.S. and suggests Tolkien organises it t...
31 March 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1213


Gilson writing to Tolkien confirms he has received his poems safely, but is yet to read them. He confirms a meeting of the T.C.B.S. for 18 April, mentio...
?3 April 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1214


G.B. Smiths writes that he is unwell and says that Tolkiens letters offer him consolation, especially Tolkiens mentions of Smiths Newdigate Prize entry....
4 April 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1215


Hammond and Scull note this letter but they did not see it when studying Tolkiens archives. We have no further information at this time.
5 April 1915 (postmark*)
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1216


Hammond and Scull note that this letter repeats what Wiseman had said to Tolkien in his letter of 30 March (see #TCGLetter1212). *The dating of this let...
6 April 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1217


Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull note that Tolkien sent a postcard to Wiseman but that they have not seen it. We have no further information at pres...
10 April 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1218


Noted by Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, Tolkien writes to Wiseman, and possibly relays news on G.B. Smith. Wiseman will reply on the same day say...
10 April 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1219


Replying to Tolkiens letter which arrived earlier on this day (see #TCGLetter1218) Wiseman replies saying he has notified G.B. Smith to request leave fo...
12 April 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1220


G.B. Smith writes to Tolkien, informing him that he is on sick leave and will not be able to attend the next T.C.B.S. meeting (18 April). He also mentio...
12 April 1915 (Telegram)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1221


Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull note that Tolkien sends Wiseman a telegram before he receives a letter from G.B. Smith (#TCGLetter1220) and that Wi...
13 April 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1222


Wiseman sends a telegram to Tolkien asking what arrangements he has made for their council (T.C.B.S. meeting) in Oxford as there is a problem which has ...
13 April 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1223


Wiseman had sent Tolkien a telegram earlier in the day asking for details of the arrangements he had made for the next T.C.B.S. gathering (#TCGletter122...
14 April 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1224


Rob Gilson is recovering at home in Marston Green on sick leave. He writes to Tolkien to say he will not be attending the Council of Oxford (T.C.B.S. ga...
15 April 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1225


Wiseman informs Tolkien that the Council of Oxford is off. He also notes he has received Tolkiens poems, sent on to him from Rob Gilson. He is working o...
16 April 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1226


Tolkien replies to Wisemans letter from the previous day (#TCGLetter1225) saying that he cannot join him and his family at the weekend.
19 April 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1227


G.B. Smith replies to Tolkien that he is joining the 8th batallion and hopes to get Tolkien a place but he is not certain. He believes that Tolkien shou...
?23 April 1915 (Trinity Term 1915)
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1228


Writing to Tolkien, Wiseman gives him some feedback on his poetry. He and Gilson had been discussing it and Smith had said preiously that he was impress...
?14 May 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1241


Writing to Tolkien, G.B. Smith confirms he is now with the 19th Battalion of the Lancashire Fusiliers. They are stationed at the grand Hotel, Penmeanmaw...
Likely 29 May or 5 June, 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1242


Writing to Tolkien, G.B. Smith says he has been reading the book Tolkien sent after Smith requested in his letter of 14 May (#TCGLetter1241).
1 June 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1243


Tolkien informs Edith that his friend, W.E. Hall has been killed in service. He says that Hall is the first of his friends to die, but he knows that soo...
?10 June 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1244


Tolkien had asked G.B. Smith about being posted with Smith to his regiment and Smith replies saying that he should contact Colonel Stainforth of the 19t...
11 June 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1245


Replying to a letter from Tolkien (at this time I have no date for this letter but it is almost certainly to congratulate Tolkien that both of them had ...
?20 June 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1246


Smith writes to Tolkien offering him advice on the equipment he will need for camp. A large portion of the letter is available to read in The J.R.R. Tol...
28 June 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1247


Smith informs Tolkien that Colonel Stainforth has offered him a place, he asks Tolkien to write to the Colonel. He again says he will try to get Tolkien...
July 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rob Gilson
#1248


While he is in Warwick Tolkien writes to Rob Gilson. No further details of this letter are known. Rob Gilson will not reply until September.
4 July 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1249


G.B. Smith sends his congratulations to Tolkien while he is in Warwick for ‘one of the highest distinctions an Englishman can obtain’.
9 July 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1267


G.B. Smith writing to Tolkien while he was visiting his Aunt Mabel at Abbotsford, Moseley, Birmingham suggesting, again, that he ask Stainforth what he ...
9 July 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to G.B. Smith
#1269


Tolkien writes to G. B. Smith informing him of his news from the War Office in a letter, see #TCGLetter1268. He will also write to Christopher Wiseman g...
9 July 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1270


Tolkien writes to Christopher Wiseman giving him the news of his army appointment (see #TCGLetter1268) and also mentions he will be visiting Moselye and...
9 July 1915
The War Office to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1268


The War Office writes to Tolkien c/ o Father Francis Morgan at the Birmingham Oratory. He has been appointed as a temporary Second Lieutenant in the New...
c. 10 July 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1273


G.B. Smith wrote to Tolkien on or around 10 July 1915, he suggests the notice Tolkien would receive from the War Office would be the ‘gazetting’. To...
11 July 1915 (likely)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. How
#1271


There is some question whether Tolkien sent this letter, Hammond and Scull say that Tolkien drafts and probably sends a letter from Abbotsford to a Mr H...
11 July 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1272


Christopher Wiseman writing to Tolkien, says he has seen a notice that the Navy wants mathematicians as instructors, and is now awaiting the formal noti...
11 July 1915
G.B. Smith (?) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1274


Tolkien writes that he has been gazetted. See #TCGLetter1273
13 July 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1275


Smith writes to Tolkien while he is at Abbotsford, Moseley, Birmingham (which will be forwarded to him at the Incledons, Barnt Green, on 15 July). He ad...
c. 13-14 July 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1276


Christopher Wiseman writes to Tolkien while he is staying with his mother in Bromsgrove. He says he and Tolkien must spend some time together and his mo...
18 July 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1277


Smith had not heard from Tolkien so he writes to cheer him up.
19 July 1915
R.W. Reynolds to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1278


While Tolkien is at Bedford for Army training R.W. Reynolds writes to him commenting on the poems Tolkien sent him. Among them were You & Me and the Cot...
?23 July 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1279


Likely in reply to a letter from Tolkien (currently unknown), Smith says that Tolkien can still try to be transfered once his training is completed.
26 July 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1280


Christopher Wiseman replies to a postcard from Tolkien (date currently unknown) and suggests he and Edith join him in London at their family home in Aug...
2 August 1915
R.W. Reynolds to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1281


Reynolds writes to thank Tolkien who has sent him another poem. Tolkien in a letter (unknown) had asked for advice on publishing a book of poems. He sug...
13 September 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1282


Rob Gilson while at the 3rd Durham Temporary Hospital, Sunderland writes to Tolkien. It is forwarded from Exeter College to Whittington heath. He mentio...
14 September 1915
Edith Bratt to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1283


Edith writes to Tolkien saying that A Song of Aryador is her favourite poem. She wonders how h can write at camp.
17 September 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1284


Writing from the 3rd Durham Temporary Hospital in Sunderland, Gilson tells Tolkien that he has received a lot of mail from the T.C.B.S. members in the p...
19 September 1915
R.W. Reynolds to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1285


R.W. Reynolds writes to Tolkien while he is at at Whittington Heath and thanks him for sending on some of his poems. He likes them, but also he offers s...
21 September 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1286


Gilson writing from Marston Green to Tolkien at Whittington Heath says he has sent telegrams to Christopher Wiseman and G.B. Smith to ask them to come t...
23 September 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1287


Wiseman writes to Tolkien to say that all four members of the T.C.B.S. can be in Lichfield, now described as the Council of Lichfield, on 25 September. ...
24 September 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1288


Gilson sends a telegram to Tolkien to say that he and Smith will arrive at 10.34am into Lichfield and will be at the George Hotel which will be their ba...
25 September 1915
Rob Gilson, G. B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1289


Smith and Gilson write to Tolkien on their arrival at the George Hotel saying they hope to see him there when they return after a short sightseeing outi...
5 October 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1290


Gilson is now stationed at No. 2 Camo, Sutton Veny with his battalion and writes to Tolkien saying that he and G.B. Smith believe that he should send hi...
6 October 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1291


Smith who is visiting Bath with Rob Gilson to make plans for their Council of Bath writes to Tolkien on the matter and proposes 23 October as a possible...
6 October 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1292


Further to #TCGLetter1290, Smith writes to Tolkien saying he believes Tolkien should write to Hodder and Stoughton or Sidgwick & Jackson. He asks Tolkie...
19 October 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1293


Smith who is currently at No. 6 Camp, Codford St. Mary writes asking Tolkien to confirm as soon as possible if he will attend the Council of Bath meetin...
19 October 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1294


Rob Gilson writes to Tolkien from No. 3 Camp, Sutton veny while Tolkien is at Brocton Camp, Staffordshire that he is likely to be sent ot he front soon....
24 October 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1295


Smith writes to Tolkien while he at the Wiseman house in London after sharing from Tolkien that he unfortunately attend the next council. Edith has been...
27 October 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1296


Wiseman writes to Tolkien to give him updates on the previous weekends events with the T.C.B.S. He remarks on Troughts paper on the Romantics, noting th...
31 October 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1297


Gilson was the last of the T.C.B.S. to write to Tolkien with his report of the gathering the previous weekend. He was very soory that Tolkien could not ...
21 November 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1298


Rob Gilson writes saying that he had last heard from Tolkien was the letter shown him by G.B. Smith in London and he hopes that both he and Edith were f...
25 November 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1299


Tolkien writes to Edith. No information is known currently of its contents.
26 November 1915
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#3
 Carpenter #3



Written while Tolkien was training as part of the Lancashire Fusiliers. He is working on his poem Kotirion among the Trees and mentions sending it to th...
2 December 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1300


G.B. Smith, who is in the trenches in France, writes to Tolkien asking for the long letter Tolkien promised in his last postcard to Smith.
22 December 1915
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1301


G.B. Smith writing to Tolkien, thanks him for various letters and commenting on Oxford Poetry 1915 and Goblin Feet. Smith and Wade-Gery agree that they ...
26 December 1915
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1302


Rob Gilson writes to Tolkien who has written to him about some problems he is having, Gilson remarks on ‘the extra blackness of your fate in these dar...
30 December 1915
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1303


Wiseman writes to Tolkien at Brocton Camp. He has been posted to the HMS Superb. He has received Kortirion among the Trees from Gilson (#TCGLetter1302),...

1916

7 January 1916
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1306


Rob Gilson writes informing Tolkien that he will be leaving for the front on 8 January.
12 January 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1307


G.B. Smith writes to Tolkien while he is at Brocton Camp praising him for his poem Kortirion among the Trees saying that it is a great and a noble poem....
14 January 1916
🖼
Hilary Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1821


Hilary Tolkien writes to Edith thanking her for her letter and parcel. He gives an update on matters in France and the hopelessness of the war. He remar...
19 January 1916
Dora Owen to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1308


Writing to Tolkien, Dora Owen, who has read Goblin Feet in Oxford Poetry 1915, asks Tolkien if she may include it in a collection of fairy poetry she is...
19 January - 2 February 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Dora Owen
#1309


Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull in their entry for 19 January 1916 (#TCGLetter1308), note that Tolkien replied to Dora Owen with several poems include...
26 January 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rob Gilson
#1311


Tolkien writes to Rob Gilson informing him that he and Ediths have set a date to marry, it will be on 22 March in Warwick.
26 January 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to G.B. Smith
#1317


Tolkien writes to Smith with news of his and Ediths wedding day which will take place on 22 March in Warwick. He also notes that he has sent his book of...
2 February 1916
Dora Owen to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1310


Dora Owens replies to Tolkiens letter thanking him for sending her several poems. Among them are The Trumpets of Faerie, The Princess Nî, A Song of Ary...
February 3, 1916
Geoffrey B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1112


G.B. Smith writes to Tolkien at Brocton Camp, thanking him for the letter he wrote to him. Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull note that Tolkien probably ...
4 February 1916
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1315


Christopher Wiseman writes to Tolkien, praising his poem Kortirion among the Trees, which the original of is enclosed.
9 February 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1316


G.B. Smith writes to Tolkien at Brocton Camp, he talks about what friendship with the other T.C.B.S. means to him. Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull not...
9 February 1916
🖼
Hilary Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1876


Hilary Tolkien writes to Edith with news of his time in France during WWI. He says that his party have returned from the front lines are on training and...
12 February 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#1318


Tolkien writes to Edith, commenting that he wants to return England to Roman Catholicism.
22 February 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1319


G.B. Smith writes to Tolkien at Brocton Camp, suggesting that he sends Kortirion among the Trees to a publisher. He has mentioned the poem to R.W. Reyno...
1 March 1916
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1320


Writing to Tolkien at Brocton Camp, Christopher Wiseman defends an opinion he made on Kortirion among the Trees. He says that Tolkien is interested in n...
c. from 1-13 March 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1326


Christopher Wiseman had written to Tolkien on 1 March 1916, saying that Tolkien liked little, delicate, beautiful creations but he was more thrilled by ...
2 March 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Edith Bratt
#4
 Carpenter #4



A short extract where Tolkien mentions his nonsense fairy language, referring to it as such a mad hobby! Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull note that ...
4 March 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1321


G.B. Smith sends Tolkien a part of his poem The Burial of Sophocles.
4 March 1916
🖼
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1755


Wiseman writes to Tolkien on the subject of his (Tolkiens) writing. He notes that he is happy that he has (apparently) set Tolkien off on work on his ep...
5 March 1916 (postmark)
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1322


G.B. Smith sends Tolkien the second part of his long poem The Burial of Sophocles after he sent a portion earlier that month. He asked that Tolkien post...
c. 8 March 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Father Francis Morgan
#1312


Tolkien writes to Father Francis Morgan giving him the news that he and Edith will marry on 22 March in Warwick. he had not mentioned this fact when he ...
c. 8-12 March 1916
Father Francis Morgan to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1313


Father Francis replies to Tolkiens letter congratulating him and Edith of their upcoming wedding. He says he should like to do the ceremony himself at t...
9 March 1916
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1323


Rob Gilson writes to Tolkien at Brocton Camp, offering his best wishes, prayers, and blessings for his and Ediths impending marriage.
10 March 1916
R.W. Reynolds to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1324


Reynolds writes, thanking Tolkien for sending him a copy of Kortirion among the Trees. He likes it very much and would like Tolkien to send him more of ...
6 April 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1327


G.B. Smith writes to Tolkien at Brocton Camp. He says it is a long time since he has heard from Tolkien. He also mentions, but cannot yet comment on a l...
7 April 1916
🖼
Hilary Tolkien to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1877


Tolkiens brother Hilary writes to him with news from his own part of the war effort in France. He mentions that in the England they have had terrible we...
16 April 1916
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1325


Christopher writes Tolkien a long letter, said by Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull to be a long letter written in stages from 14, 17, 26 March and 16 A...
19 April 1916
🖼
Hilary Tolkien to J.R.R. Tolkien, Edith Tolkien
#1878


Hilary writes to Edith. It has been some time since his last letter and Edith has now moved from Warwickshire and he does not know her new address. He h...
8 May 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Adjutant, 13th Battalion
#1328


Tolkien writes to the Adjutant of the 13th Battalion requesting leave for 13 to 17 May after he has completed his signalling course. His address if his ...
11 May 1916
Adjutant, 13th Battalion to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1329


Following Tolkiens request for leave, requested on 8 May (#TCGLetter1328), they say that leave is not being granted at present, but then the order is st...
23 May 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1535


While at Brocton Camp, Tolkien receives a telegram from Smith who is at West Bromwich and on leave until 29 May. He wonders if they could meet.
24 May 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1536


Smith, in another telegram says that he will come to Great Haywood for Saturday afternoon and stay the night.
26 May 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1537


Smith sends Tolkien another telegram care of Ediths landlady, Mrs. kendrick to inform him of his time of arrival via train.
?End of May 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1538


Smith writes to thank Tolkien for hosting him, describing it as a splendid two days. This letter is held at the Tolkien Papers, Bodleian Library, Oxford.
2 June 1916
Army Headquarters, Cannock Chase to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1539


Tolkien is informed by telegram that he is to join the British Expeditionary Force in France. He must first report to the Embarkation Staff Officer at F...
?18 (possibly 11) June 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1540


Smith writes to Tolkien on his return to France, attached 11th Lancashire Fusiliers, 25th I.B.D., 25 A.P.O. (S) 17, B.E.F. to say that he is sorry Tolki...
21 June 1916 (date received)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Gilson
#1541


Tolkien wrote to Christopher Gilson. No further information is known currently but Gilson replies on 22 June that he is cheered to hear from the T.C.B.S...
22 June 1916
Rob Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1542


Upon his return from a night working party, Gilson replies to Tolkiens letter noting that he is cheered to hear from the T.C.B.S. This is the last lette...
25 June 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1543


G.B. Smith writes, wishing Tokien well in all that may happen to you within the next few months, and may we live beyond them to a better time. This lett...
12 July 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1544


Smith sends Tolkien a field postcard noting that he is quite well.
15 July 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1545


Smith writes to Tolkien, he has seen the newspaper and Rob Gilson is named among the dead. He had died on 1 July but had originally been named among the...
25 July 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1546


Smith writes to Tolkien offering praise for his poem, The Lonely Isle.
c. 1 August 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to G.B. Smith
#1549


Tolkien writes to G.B. Smith. Little is currently know of this letter and it is dated via the remarks of Hammond/Scull.
4 August 1916 (postmark)
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1547


Smith writes to Tolkien, and likely includes a letter from Christopher Wiseman on the news of Rob Gilsons death. Smith has underlined parts and Tolkien ...
11 August 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1548


Smith thanks Tolkien for his letter, he thinks that there are still a great many sober men and true... This letter is among the Tolkien Papers, Bodleian...
12 August 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to G. B. Smith
#5
 Carpenter #5



Tolkien has learned about the death of his close friend Rob Gilson - one of the four members of the TCBS and writes a long letter about how he feels the...
14 August 1916
Robert Cary Gilson to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1550


Robert Cary Gilson, Head Master of King Edward’s School and father of Rob Gilson, replies to Tolkiens letter of sympathy sent on the death of his son....
15 August 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1551


Smith writes to Tolkien having not received Tolkiens letter of 12-13 August . he has been unable to sleep for thinking about Rob. He remarks that maybe ...
19–22 August 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1552


Smith having received Tolkiens letter of 12-13 August replies disagreeing with Tolkiens notion that the T.C.B.S. has ended with Gilsons death. He also e...
30 August 1916
Christopher Wiseman to G.B. Smith
#1556


Wiseman writes to G.B. Smith saying that he has been reading correspondence between the group from 1914. He describes it as his TCBSian archive. He will...
c. September 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to G.B. Smith
#1555


Tolkien writes to Smith, apparently letting off steam about friction with other people. It is assumed that he is talking about Christopher Wiseman.
4 September 1916
Christopher Wiseman to G.B. Smith
#1557


Further to his letter of 30 August Wiseman continues his commentary on the correspondence of the T.C.B.S. and his belief that the group has changed.
10 September 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1553


G.B. Smith writes asking Tolkien to send him a field postcard. He notes that he has not heard from Christopher Wiseman but has had a letter from R.W. Re...
14 September 1916
🖼
Hilary Tolkien to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1880


Hilary, writing to his brother gives news of his time near the front lines. They are resting currently. He had heard from Edith a few days ago. He has b...
16 September 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1554


Smith writes to Tolkien, he encloses a letter from Christopher Wiseman. Wiseman had sent to Smith, the letters written by him and Tolkien during the win...
3 October 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1558


Smith writes to Tolkien pointing out that he has not heard from him in quite some time.
Between 30 October - 7 November 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Lieutenant-Colonel Bird
#1559


Tolkien writes to Commanding Officer offering his regret at suffering from trench fever. He hopes to return to the same Batallion when he is well enough.
C. November 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs. Smith
#1562


Tolkien writes to Mrs. Smith, G.B. Smiths mother. She replies, thanking him and says she will forward the letter to her son.
8 November 1916
[Captain] E. Munday to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1560


Captain E. Munday, Adjutant of the 11th Lancashire Fusiliers, writes to Tolkien, in reply to his letter to Lieutenant-Colonel Bird. this other letter re...
9 November 1916
Lieutenant-Colonel Bird / 11th Lancashire Fusiliers to The War Office commissions Office
#1561


This letter, sent to Tolkien with a letter dated 8 November was to be passed to the War Office after Tolkien was determined fit for a return to service....
13 November 1916
Mrs. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1563


G.B. Smiths mother replies to Tolkiens letter giving her news. She will pass this letter on to her son.
16 November 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1565


Smith replies to Tolkiens earlier letter. He is relieved to hear that Tolkien is still alive. Tolkien is at this time recovering at 3 South General Hosp...
16 November 1916
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1566


Wiseman who is currently serving on HMS Superb he wishes he could visit but leave for Naval personel is strictly limited and only in special circumstanc...
18 November 1916
G.B. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1567


In a follow-up to his letter of 16 November, Smith notes that had forgotten to say that his mother would be very happy to source any books which Tolkien...
27 November 1916
3rd (Reserve) Battalion to South General Hospital, Edgbaston
#1568


The 3rd (Reserve) Battalion writes to South General Hospital in Edgbaston, directing that orders should be issued for Tolkiens next movements at the ear...
8 December 1916
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1569


Wiseman writes to Tolkien on politics, and the war. Thanking Tolkien for his letter and more of his poems. He says that R.W. Reynolds thinks that Tolkie...
16 December 1916 (postmarked 18 December)
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1570


Christopher Wiseman writes to Tolkien, G.B. Smith has died. Smith was injured by shrapnel on 29 November. He wrote to his mother saying that his wounds ...
16 December 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs. Smith
#1571


After reading the news from Christopher Wiseman that their friend G.B. Smith has died, Tolkien immediately writes to Smiths mother to offer his condolen...
22 December 1916
Mrs. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1572


G.B. Smiths mother writes to Tolkien giving some details of Geoffreys final days. She asks Tolkien if he could send to her copies of her sons poems as h...
c. 22 December 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to R.W. Reynolds
#1575


Tolkien writes to R.W. Reynolds. From Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Sculls entry for 28 December 1916, Tolkien must have discussed G.B. Smith, and his ...
c. 23-24 December 1916
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs. Smith
#1573


Tolkien replies to G.B. Smiths mother enclosing copies of G.B. Smiths verse.
26 December 1916
Mrs. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1574


G.B. Smiths mother replies to Tolkien thanking him for the poems of her sons. She tells Tolkien to keep the originals.
28 December 1916
R.W. Reynolds to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1576


Reynolds replies to Tolkiens letter, he notes that he has had a letter from Smiths mother too in which she says her son had wished for his poetry to be ...

1917

2 January 1917
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Secretary War Office
#29


Tolkien advises the war department of his address and presents himself for further orders.
18 January 1917
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1577


Wiseman apologizes for his not writing sooner, he says that he had been trying, and this was the fifth attempt. He remarks that he is happy that Tolkien...
21 January 1917
Mrs. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1578


G.B. Smiths mother writes to Tolkien thanking him, and Reynolds for their help in the matter of her sons poetry. Tolkien is currently staying at his Aun...
c. February 1917
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1582


Only noted by Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull in their entry for 4 and 9 March 1917, He includes more poems for Wiseman which he will return with
12 February 1917
J.R.R. Tolkien to War Office
#1579


Tolkien writes to the War Office from Great Haywood where he is currently residing to inform them of this change of address. On 23 January he was examin...
Beginning of March 1917
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs. Smith
#1580


Tolkien has learned of the death of G.B. Smiths brother and writes to their mother, assumed to be his offering of sympathy. Smiths brother died on 25 Ja...
c. March 1917 (no later than the morning of 4 March)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1584


Tolkien writes to Wiseman saying that Edith is now with him at Harrogate.
4 and 9 March 1917
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1583


Wiseman writes to Tolkien in reply to an earlier letter from Tolkien, in which Tolkien had replied about the epic Wiseman suggests he start on. Wiseman ...
6 March 1917
Mrs. Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1581


Smith’s mother replies to Tolkiens letter of sympathy to thank him.
14 April 1917
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1585


Christopher Wiseman sends a telegram to Tolkien to say that will visit him on 18 April.
c. 15 April 1917
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1586


Tolkien replies to Wiseman to say he has to report for duty on 19 April.
15 April 1917 (postmark)
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1587


Wiseman writes a follow-up letter to his telegram Tolkien had replied with a telegram saying that he has to report for duty on 19 April. Tolkien lends W...
19 May 1917
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1588


Writing to Tolkien, Wiseman returns the manuscripts of G.B. Smiths verse noting that does not think the book should be Opera Omnia, suggesting it should...
?Late June-early July 1917
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1589


Christopher Wiseman returns G.B. Smiths poems to Tolkien and notes a suggested order for them. He again suggests that only the best of his verse be incl...
12 July 1917
?Unknown Army Department to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1591


A letter from an unknown department to Tolkien at Thirtle Bridge Camp, Withernsea. No details are known currently.
14 July 1917
?Unknown Army Department to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1590


A letter from an unknown department to Tolkien at R.E. Signal Depot, Dunstable, Bedfordshire. No details are known currently.
21 July 1917
?Unknown Army Department to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1592


A letter from an unknown department to Tolkien at R.E. Signal Depot, Dunstable, Bedfordshire, redirected to Thirtle Bridge Camp, Withernsea. No details ...
10 October 1917 (written 1 September, 7 and 10 October, 1917)
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1594


Tolkien had written to Wiseman after hearing of the death of his mother. Wiseman congratulates Tolkien on the news that he and Edith are expecting a chi...
10 September 1917
🖼
Hilary Tolkien to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1881


Hilary writes to Tolkien giving updates on his current happening. He asks him to send his wishes to Edith. He will write to her but not for a few days a...
c. November 1917 (no later than 22 November)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Marjorie Incledon
#1596


Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull note that Mary Incledon had written to Tolkien in response to either a conversation or a letter between her sister ...
c. Late November 1917
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1597


At an unknown date, no earlier than 16 November, 1917, Tolkien writes to Wiseman informing him of the birth of his son John Francis Reuel. He also asks ...
19 November 1917
R.W. Reynolds to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1593


Reynolds writes to Tolkien offering congratulations on the birth of his and Ediths first child. He also makes mention of Sidgwick & Jacksons interest in...
23 November 1917 (postmark)
Mary Incledon to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1595


Tolkien had written a letter, or talked with Marjorie Incledon about the art critic John Ruskin in connection with his Ishness paintings. Mary Incledon ...
?10 ?17 ?20 December 1917
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1598


Replying to Tolkiens letter on the birth of his son, Christopher Wiseman replies offering his congratulations. He insists that he is regarded as an uncl...

1918

c. 25 July 1918
Edith Tolkien to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1599


From 25 July, Edith writes to Tolkien from 1 Blenheim, Parade, Pittsville. No details are known of how many letters but we can be fairly certain that sh...
1 October 1918
?J.R.R. Tolkien ?War Office (see note) to Ministry of Labour
#1600


Tolkien had been authorized by the War Office to take up sedentary employment. Either he or they apply to the Ministry of Labour in this matter.
5 October 1918
Ministry of Labour to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1601


Further to #TCGLetter1600, The Ministry of Labour, Appointments Department, Officers’ University and Technical Classes (OUTC), Professional and Busine...
14 October 1918
J.R.R. Tolkien to Controller of the Officers’ University and Technical Classes (OUTC)
#1602


Per his medical examine at the King’s Lancashire Military Convalescent Hospital, Blackpool, Tolkien writes to the OUTC.
c. 28 October 1918
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Wiseman
#1604


Tolkien writes to Wiseman while he is at sea and the letter takes seven weeks to reach him. No details are known of the letter. Wiseman replies on 16 De...
16 December 1918
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1603


Wiseman is on leave in London and has received a letter that Tolkien had sent to him more than seven weeks earlier. He has been informed that Tolkien is...
27 December 1918
Christopher Wiseman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1605


Wiseman apologizes that he was unable to visit Tolkien in Oxford but he has now to return to HMS Monarch afterwhich he will take up his teaching post at...

1923

13 February 1923
J.R.R. Tolkien to E. M. Wright
#6
 Carpenter #6



Tolkien writes to the wife of Joseph Wright (editor of the English Dialect Dictionary and whom Tolkien had studied philology with at Oxford) thanking he...
30 May 1923
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien, Wilfred Rowland Childe to Editor, Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer
#1154


Tolkien together with the poet Wilfred Rowland Childe wrote to the Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer to defend the World War One (WW1) memorial by ...
12 June 1923
George S. Gordon to Herbert Davis
#1339


Herbert Davis appears to inform George S. Gordon that Tolkien is ill, but that he had heard from E.V. Gordon that Tolkien was on the mend and would be OK.
14 June 1923
George S. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1618


George S Gordon writes to Kenneth Sisam mentioning Tolkiens involvement in the Clarendon Chaucer. The book will be published in OUPs Clarendon English S...
27 July 1923
George S. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1619


Following his letter of 14 June, Peter Gulliver says that in the letter, Gordon suggested that Tolkien had hoped to have the glossary completed by Octob...
16 October 1923 (date forwarded by Gordon)
J.R.R. Tolkien to George S. Gordon (forwarded to Kenneth Sisam)
#1621


Tolkien had written to Gordon
10 November 1923
E. V. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1620


During the academic year of 1923-24, Tolkien and and his co-editor on the Sir Gawain volume have been snowed under with lectures and preperation for the...
13 November 1923
Kenneth Sisam to E.V. Gordon
#1622


Kenneth replies to Gordons letter agreeing to a revised page count for Sir Gawain, Gordon and Tolkiens edition can now contain 200 pages. He asks for th...
15 November 1923
E. V. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1623


Gordon replies to Sisams letter of 13 November , Gordon accepts the conditions for publication of Sir Gawain. They will restrict the glossary to 50 page...
Last half of December 1923
Oxford University Press? to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1625


Tolkien receives proofs of the Clarendon Chaucer text and begins correcting them.
8 December 1923
E. V. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1624


In a letter to Kenneth Sisam, Gordon reports that he and Tolkien will be able to provide Sisam with the text of Sir Gawain soon. The notes are almost co...
14 December 1923
E. V. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1626


Gordon sends to Sisam a clean copy of the Sir Gawain text and notes that Tolkien has been able to purchase a copy of Thorkelins Beowulf.

1924

5 January 1924
J.R.R. Tolkien to Kenneth Sisam (for Oxford University Press)
#1627


Tolkien returns the first 21 pages of proofs for the Clarendon Chaucer and notes some errors. In an attached note, Tolkien asks about the glossary for S...
8 January 1924
Kenneth Sisam to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1628


Sisam replies to Tolkiens letter and says that he would be interested in Tolkiens Introduction to German Philology. Sisam also notes that he has sympath...
14 January 1924
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Raymond Wilson Chambers
#1011


Tolkien wishes Chambers a happy New Year and sends his appreciation for various recent works Tolkien has read.
1 February 1924
J.R.R. Tolkien to Kenneth Sisam (for Oxford University Press)
#1629


Tolkien returns further proofs of the Clarendon Chaucer and thanks Sisam for his advice and for two copies of proofs of Sir Gawain whih he had recieved....
26 February 1924
Kenneth Sisam to George S. Gordon
#1637


Sisam writes to Gordon. He has become alarmed at the lack of progress with the Clarendon Chaucer, saying that Tolkien is occupied with Gawayne> influenz...
28 February 1924
George S. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1638


Gordon replies to Sisams letter defending Tolkien on the matter of the delay on the Clarendon Chaucer. He says that Tolkien has had a hellish time.
5 March 1924
Kenneth Sisam to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1639


Writing to Tolkien, Sisam says that he is patiently expecting the completed Clarendon Chaucer and asks Tolkien to look over some corrections for his A M...
21 March 1924
Kenneth Sisam to David Nichol Smith
#1640


Inspite of his letter to Tolkien early in March, Kenneth Sisam writes to David Nichol Smith to complain that Tolkien is not only holding up the Clarendo...
?May 1924
George S. Gordon to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1703


Gordon writes to Tolkien on various matters. Tolkien will reply to this letter informing Gordon that he retiring from the project. What Gordon says that...
?May 1924
J.R.R. Tolkien to George S. Gordon
#1704


Tolkien replies to Gordon, informing him that he is retiring from the Clarendon Chaucer.
15 May 1924
George S. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1641


Gordon writes to Sisam informing him that Tolkien has agreed that his place on the Clarendon Chaucer should be taken by another and he has agreed to ret...
15 May 1924
Kenneth Sisam to George S. Gordon
#1705


Sisam replies to Gordons letter. He supports Tolkien leaving the Clarendon Chaucer, noting that Tolkien has too much else getting in the way.
24 August 1924
J.R.R. Tolkien to Cyril Brett
#1006


A manuscript letter from Tolkien to Cyril Brett, on the subject of Tolkien & Gordons edition of Sir Gawain & The Green Knight (Oxford, 1925).
23 October 1924
J.R.R. Tolkien to Kenneth Sisam
#1642


Sisam had sent Tolkien a proof of the frontispiece for Sir Gawain and two sets of proofs from the Clarendon Chaucer with comments from Gordon and Tolkie...
Early December 1924
J.R.R. Tolkien to Kenneth Sisam
#1644


In early December, Tolkien informs Kenneth Sisam that he and his family have been unwell and he is delayed with his work on the Clarendon Chaucer.
5 December 1924
Kenneth Sisam to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1645


Sisam replies to Tolkien giving him dates to return the Clarendon Chaucer. He wants the glossary by end of year, 31 December at the latest and the notes...
8 December 1924
George S. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1646


George S. Gordon writes to Kenneth Sisam. Tolkien has sent to him manuscript of his glossary for the Clarendon Chaucer, with a preface, for Gordon to lo...
22 December 1924
George S. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1647


George S. Gordon sends to Kenneth Sisam the manuscript of Tolkien’s glossary and preface for the Clarendon Chaucer with a note to say that he approves...
23 December 1924
Kenneth Sisam to George S. Gordon
#1648


Further to Gordons packet enclosing Tolkiens glossary and preface, Sisam replies with a stern warning that if Tolkien commits to as many corrections on ...

1925

Unknown
Dr. Cyril Jackson to Unknown
#869


From a Bloomsbury auction the following was detailed: Songs for the Philologists, with the book comes a typed letter from Dr. Cyril Jackson, who studied...
Unknown (possibly mid 1920's)
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Swann
#882


This rather odd loose slip of paper was found inside a copy of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and is housed as part of the Bodleian Library Tolkien arc...
5 January 1925
Kenneth Sisam to George S. Gordon
#1649


Sisam writes to Gordon saying that the glossary of the Clarendon Chaucer must be cut down by 10 pages. He tells Gordon that he will leave it to him to e...
5 January 1925
Kenneth Sisam to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1650


Kenneth Sisam writes to Tolkien, enclosing the manuscripts for his glossary and tells Tollien to leave out easy words. He had written that day to Gordon...
26 January 1925
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joseph Wright
#48


Writing on the occasion of Wrights retirement, Tolkien reveals that it was Wrights works that had introduced him to philology as a schoolboy. Brief extr...
2 February 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to Cyril Brett
#1007


A manuscript letter from Tolkien to Cyril Brett, on the subject of Tolkien & Gordons edition of Sir Gawain & The Green Knight (Oxford, 1925).
5 February 1925
Kenneth Sisam to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1651


Sisam writes to Tolkien, reminding him that he was meant to have handed in his notes on the Clarendon Chaucer by the end of January.
Late February or early March 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to George S. Gordon
#1693


Tolkien sends his revised glossary of the Clarendon Chaucer to George S. Gordon.
4 March 1925
George S. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1694


George S. Gordon sends Tolkiens revised glossary of the Clarendon Chaucer to Kenneth Sisam. In the covering note he says that he feels Tolkiens preface ...
23 March 1925
Kenneth Sisam to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1695


Kenneth Sisam sends Tolkien an advance copy of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, noting that some changes will be made. Oxford University Press will add ...
[2] May 1925 (date-stamped)
Oxford University Press to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1696


Either from Kenneth Sisam or the OUP, Tolkien is sent proofs of his glossary for the Clarendon Chaucer]/i]. George S. Gordon had corrected some galley p...
June 1925
Lascelles Abercrombie to J.R.R. Tolkien (testimonial)
#1711


Lascelles Abercrombie writes a testimonial in support of Tolkiens application On 21 July 1925, the electors to the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorship ...
12 June 1925
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Ronald Ashton
#50


Examination of Mr. Ashtons son, a student at the University of Leeds.
17 June 1925
M.E. Sadler to J.R.R. Tolkien (testimonial)
#1706


M.E. Sadler writes a testimonial in support of Tolkiens application On 21 July 1925, the electors to the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorship of Anglo-S...
22 June 1925
Joseph Wright to J.R.R. Tolkien (testimonial)
#1708


Joseph Wright writes a testimonial in support of Tolkiens application On 21 July 1925, the electors to the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorship of Anglo...
23 June 1925
L.R. Farnell to J.R.R. Tolkien (testimonial)
#1707


Lewis Richard Farnell writes a testimonial in support of Tolkiens application On 21 July 1925, the electors to the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorship ...
25 June 1925
Allen Mawer to J.R.R. Tolkien (testimonial)
#1710


Allen Mawer writes a testimonial in support of Tolkiens application It was expected that Mawer would apply but he decided against it. On 21 July 1925, t...
27 June 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to [University of Oxford Electors]
#7
 Carpenter #7



Tolkien applies for the position of Professorship of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford University. He describes his schooling and his time at Leeds University as Re...
28 June 1925
George S. Gordon to J.R.R. Tolkien (testimonial)
#1709


George S. Gordon writes a testimonial in support of Tolkiens application On 21 July 1925, the electors to the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorship of An...
21 July 1925
E.S. Craig to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1721


E.S. Craig, University Registrar at Oxford writes to Tolkien offering his congratulations on his successful application to the chair of Rawlinson and Bo...
22 July 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to H.F.B. Brett-Smith
#67


This handwritten letter over 2 pages finds Tolkien discussing academia at Leeds University and his own poetry. Brett-Smith had written Tolkien a letter ...
22 July 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to E.S. Craig
#1722


Tolkien replies to E.S. Craig, enclosing the signed undertaking. He hopes that the statutes governing the chair can be mitigated as he has to give six m...
22 July 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to Vice Chancellor of Leeds University
#8
 Carpenter #8



Tolkien has been elected to the Rawlinson & Bosworth professorship at Oxford and must therefore resign his position at Leeds. His posting takes effect f...
24 July 1925
E.S. Craig to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1723


E.S. Craig replies to Tolkiens letter . He says that Tolkien should be able to work both Leeds and Oxford during the Michaelmas term. He includes a sche...
7 August 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to R.W. Chambers
#1724


Tolkien writes to R.W. Chambers complaining that he has only recently finished marking School Certification exam papers which he ahd to do to pay medica...
8 August 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to H.F.B. Brett-Smith
#68


As with Tolkiens ealier letter The original letter is now held at The Marion E. Wade Center.
Before 12 November 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to E.V. Gordon (testimonial)
#1726


Tolkien writes a letter in support of E.V. Gordons proposed elevation to the chair he himself vacated to take up the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professorshi...
?18 (received 19) October 1925
George S. Gordon to Kenneth Sisam
#1725


George S. Gordon sends to Kenneth Sisam a batch of manuscripts for the Clarendon Chaucer. AMong them texts, notes for the essays and he says that Tolkie...
End of 1925
R.W. Reynolds to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1727


In their J.R.R. Tolkien Companion and Guide: Chronology, Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull note that Tolkien resumes correspondence with R.W. Reynold...
21 November 1925
J.R.R. Tolkien to Brian Woledge
#1003


Tolkien wrote to Brian Woledge, who was an ex-student. The contents of this letter is currently unknown. One of three letters from the Leeds Library Col...

1926

First part of 1926
J.R.R. Tolkien to R.W. Reynolds
#1729


In late 1925, Tolkien and Reynolds began to write to each other again, and in early 1926, Tolkien sends to Reynolds various poems, including Lay of Leit...
11 March 1926 (date of appointment)
J.R.R. Tolkien (part of Committee) to Hebdomadal Council
#1730


Noted by Hammond/Scull, Tolkien is appointed to a committee to draft a reply to a letter from the Hebdomadal Council on the duties and payments of exami...
?26 April 1926
J.R.R. Tolkien to Kenneth Sisam
#1013


Tolkien writes to Kenneth Sisam with news that he has finished his modern prose translation of Beowulf. Much of the letter remains unpublished but a por...
4 May 1926
J.R.R. Tolkien to A. H. Smith
#1819


A one-page typewritten letter of recommendation JRRT wrote on behalf of A. H. Smith, recommending him “for an appointment as lecturer and teacher of E...
2 June 1926 (date published)
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Walter E. Haigh
#1864


On 2 June, 1926, the Huddersfield Daily Examiner published a short piece on W. E. Haighs A New Glossary of the Dialect of the Huddersfield District for ...
15 June 1926
J.R.R. Tolkien to Brian Woledge
#1004


Tolkien wrote to Brian Woledge, who was an ex-student. Very little is known of the contents. One of three letters from the Leeds Library Collection.
17 June 1926
J.R.R. Tolkien to Brian Woledge
#1005


Tolkien wrote to Brian Woledge, who was an ex-student. Few details are known on the letters contents. One of three letters from the Leeds Library Collec...
25 June 1926
J.R.R. Tolkien to William G. Harding
#70


Very little is known about this letter beyond the minor details given by Hammond/Scull. Tolkien had replied to William G. Harding about the word gemowe,...
5 July, 1926
🖼
Cecil Lewis to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1053


Cecil Lewis of Lincoln College writes to Tolkien in regard to Tolkiens entry in the Years Work in English Studies. He notes that On page 43 you suggest ...

1931

22 January 1931
J.R.R. Tolkien to Kenneth Sisam
#1634


Tolkien writes to Sisam. He has done as much work on the Clarendon Chaucer as possible during his shattered vac. He is now to be snowed under with work ...
24 February 1931
J.R.R. Tolkien, and thirteen others to General Board (Oxford University)
#1635


Tolkien, with thirteen others, signs a letter to the General Board, requesting that the Chair of Comparative Philology be raised from Grade B to Grade A.
24 February 1931
🖼
Father Francis Morgan to Hilary Tolkien
#1884


Father Francis Morgan writes to Hilary to congratulate him on the birth of his son. He wishes that he could perform the baptism but is now unable to tra...
7 April 1931
Kenneth Sisam to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1636


Sisam replies to Tolkien explaining that the Clarendon Chaucer should have less notes than in a typical school edition, suggesting that notes should be ...
9 April 1931
Kenneth Sisam to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1740


Kenneth Sisam forwards on a letter from a correpsondent who had asked about a possible connection aliri, which appeared in a childrens rhyme.
26 August 1931
🖼
Father Francis Morgan to Hilary Tolkien
#1885


Father Francis Morgan replies to Hilary. He has been away for three weeks at the Shaws and the other half at the Richmond Convent in Yorkshire. While th...
18 October 1931
C.S. Lewis to Arthur Greeves
#1741
26 October 1931
Robert Chapman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1698


Robert Chapman replies to a letter from Tolkien, encouraging him to finish the Clarendon Chaucer.
26 October 1931
Robert Chapman to David Nichol Smith
#1699


Robert Chapman writes to David Nichol Smith after hearing from Tolkien who it appears will knuckle down and complete his parts on the Clarendon Chaucer.
30 October 1931
Robert Chapman to George S. Gordon
#1700


Robert Chapman writes to George S. Gordon asking if he can finish the Clarendon Chaucer without Tolkien.
22 November 1931
C.S. Lewis to Warren H. Lewis
#1742


Writing to his brother, C. S. Lewis gives updates on his life and work. he makes a brief mention to Tolkien visiting him on Monday mornings to drink a g...
2 December 1931
R.E.M. Wheeler to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1743


R.E.M. Wheeler writes to Tolkien on the news that the Society of Antiquaries will publish a report on the excavations at Lydney Park, Gloucestershire. W...
c. 3 and 8 December 1931
J.R.R. Tolkien to R.E.M. Wheeler
#1744


Replying to Wheelers letter. He mentions the possible connections between the names Nuada, Lludd, and Lydney. In July 1932 Tolkien’s note The Name ‘...
c. 3 and 11 December 1931
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen Mawer
#1746


Tolkien writes a letter to the noted scholar, Allen Mawer, on the excavation at Lydney Park, Gloucester.
9 December 1931
R.E.M. Wheeler to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1747


Wheeler replies to Tolkiens letter with thanks for his note. He suggests that Tolkien retain his note on Nodens for the time being while he (Wheeler) de...
c. 10 December 1931 - 1 January 1932
J.R.R. Tolkien to R.E.M. Wheeler
#1749


Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull note that Wheeler wrote to Tolkien on 2 January 1932, In July 1932 Tolkien’s note The Name ‘Nodens’ is published...
12 December 1931
Allen Mawer to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1748


Mawer replies to Tolkiens letter on Lydney. He says that he himself has looked into the name but has not been able to come to any concrete conclusions.

1932

2 January 1932
R.E.M. Wheeler to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1750


Wheeler writes asking Tolkien to return the Nodens proof as the publisher is asking for it. But later on the same day, the note arrives as Tolkien had s...
2 January 1932
R.E.M. Wheeler to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1751


Wheeler writes a second letter to Tolkien thanking him for sending the proof note on Nodens. In July 1932 Tolkien’s note The Name ‘Nodens’ is publ...
May 1932* (see note)
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Secretary of the Education Committee of the British Esperanto Association
#73


A Philologist on Esperanto is the title given to a letter (written in the early part of 1932) from J.R.R. Tolkien to the secretary of the Education Comm...
27 May 1932
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to A.F. Colborn
#74


Letter of recommendation for his B.Litt. student A. F. Colborn.
c. (before 30) August 1932
J.R.R. Tolkien to Kenneth Sisam
#1752


Tolkien writes to kenneth Sisam asking if the Old English Exodus had been influenced by early Gallican Psalters.
30 August 1932
Kenneth Sisam to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1753


Sisam replies to Tolkiens letter on the subject of the Old English Exodus and its possible influence from Gallican Psalters. The contents of the letter ...
25 October 1932
J.R.R. Tolkien to Robert Chapman
#1701


Tolkien writes to Robert Chapman saying that he must finish the Clarendon Chaucer or else he will lose his good will with the Clarendon Press. Tolkien s...
27 October 1932
Robert Chapman to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1754


Writing to Tolkien, Chapman offers to help with typing and urges Tolkien to get the Clarendon Chaucer off his mind. He believes that a Beowulf edition, ...
18 December 1932
J.R.R. Tolkien to Kenneth Sisam
#1768


Writing to Kenneth Sisam, Tolkien informs him that Sigelwara Land will be published over three volumes of Medium Ævum. He thanks Sisam, likely for the ...

1935

3 January 1935
🖼
Father Francis Morgan to Hilary Tolkien
#1887


Father Francis wishes Hilary and his family the best for 1935. He has been laid up with lumbago but is now on the mend.
24 January 1935
🖼
Father Francis Morgan to Hilary Tolkien
#1888


Father Francis replies to Hilarys warm wishes for his birthday and asks him to pass on his thanks to Magdalen and Gabriel for the Violets they sent.
11 June 1935
Birmingham Oratory to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1799


Father Francis Morgan dies on this date. Tolkien is then informed formally by the Birmingham Oratory. Priscilla Tolkien believes that her father could n...
9 August 1935
J.R.R. Tolkien to R.W. Chambers
#547


This letter concerns R.W. Chambers biography of Thomas More. Quotes from the letter were published in Moreana 94 (June 1987) and Moreana 105 (April 1991).
Autumn 1935
A.H. Smith (Early English Text Society) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1802


During the autumn of 1935, the Early English Text Society invited Tolkien to prepare an edition of the Ancrene Riwle (MS CCCC402). Tolkien will reply th...
Autumn 1935
J.R.R. Tolkien to Early English Text Society
#1803


Tolkien will reply to A.H. Smiths letter on behalf of the Early English Text Societys invitation to prepare an edition of the Ancrene Riwle. He is keen ...
27 September 1935
Oxford University Press to ?J.R.R. Tolkien
#1801


Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull note that the Oxford University Press sends to Simonne d’Ardenne, and possibly Tolkien, proofs of An Edition of the ...
8 December 1935
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Father F.V. Reade
#1757


Signed receipt for £1,000
Late December 1935
Mabel Day (Early English Text Society) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1804


Mabel Day, Secretary of the Early English Text Society, writes Tolkien a letter asking that he confirm his interest in the Ancrene Riwle in writing as r...

1936

?Early 1936 (?sometime between January and April)
George Allen & Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1805


Tolkien is asked by GA&U if he wishes to working on a revision to John R. Clark Halls Modern English transaltion of Beowulf and The Fight at Finnesburg....
?Early 1936 (?sometime between January and April)
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Allen & Unwin
#1806


Tolkien replies to the early 1936 letter from GA&U that is is too busy to work on a new Beowulf publication but suggests Elaine Griffiths for the task a...
5 January 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mabel Day (Early English Text Society)
#1807


Tolkien writes to Mabel Day of the EETS, firstly apologising for his delayed reply which had been requested by the end of 1935. He explains that his ass...
14 January 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mabel Day (Early English Text Society)
#1810


Tolkien writes to Mabel Day, of the EETS. He has not been able to type the specimen pages that he had promised so includes manuscript transcriptions wit...
15 January 1936
Mabel Day (Early English Text Society) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1811


Mabel Day replies to Tolkiens two letters from January, and explains some of the policies of the EETS. She promises to send Tolkien a copy of the French...
15 January 1936
A.W. Pollard (Early English Text Society) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1812


A.W. Pollard replies to Tolkiens letter, which Mabel Day had forwarded to him. Hhe explains to Tolkien that while he sees advantages to reproducing the ...
16 January 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mabel Day (Early English Text Society)
#1813


Replying to Mabel Day of the EETS, Tolkien thanks her for answering his questions about the EETS policies on texts and arguing for his view that they sh...
?16 January 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to A.W. Pollard (Early English Text Society)
#1814


Tolkien writes to A.W. Pollard of the EETS on or shortly after this date. Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull note that two versions of this letter exist,...
27 January 1936
A.W. Pollard (Early English Text Society) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1815


A.W. Pollard writes to Tolkien to inform him that Robin Flower has been asked to head up the Ancrene Riwle editions at the EETS and that Tolkiens specim...
1 March 1936
Mabel Day (Early English Text Society) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1816


Mabel Day sends Tolkien some possible corrections and ammendations for his A Middle English Vocabulary. She notes that she believes that Tolkien and Rob...
9 March 1936
Simonne d'Ardenne to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1817


Writing to Tolkiem, Simonne dArdenne asking how his recovery is coming along after his injury. She will update him on her viva once she knows a date and...
30 March 1936
🖼
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1809


C. A. Furth writes to Tolkien on the matter of the Clark-Hall edition of Beowulf. GA&U are keen for Tolkien to edit a new edition, or suggest a likely c...
April or May 1936
Rev. Adrian Morey to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1818


Reverend Adrian Morey writes to Tolkien, informing him that he has found an Anglo-Saxon version of the Lords Prayer while at the British Museum. He asks...
c. June to August 1936
Aurelius Pompen to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1830


Some time in 1936, Aurelius Pompen had written to Tolkien asking if he and his family could take a paid guest for Michaelmas term, 1936.
3 June 1936
E. V. Gordon to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1823


Gordon writes to Tolkien as he had said nothing about the marking system for examinations. He goes on to note that he has read Seinte Iuliene. He is ups...
3 to 11 June 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to E.V. Gordon
#1824


Tolkien replies to Gordons letter
11 June 1936
E. V. Gordon to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1825


Gordon replies to Tolkiens letter asking about the vivas which will be held in London on 12 June. Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull note that Tolkien wi...
21 July 1936
?Guy Pocock (BBC) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1826


The BBC writes to Tolkien for permission to broadcast a portion of his translation of the Middle English poem Pearl. Tolkien will reply on the same day ...
21 July 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to ?Guy Pocock (BBC)
#1827


Tolkien replies to the BBCs request to broadcast a portion of his translation of Pearl. He gives permission for the reading.
10 August 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1367
 Carpenter #8b



Writing to, Christopher, Tolkien says he misses his son but that he is glad Christopher’s little holiday has begun with fine weather. He discusses the...
13 September 1936
Rev. Adrian Morey to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1828


Re. Adrian Morey writes to Tolkien. Tolkien had advised him to write an article on the Our Father prayer in Anglo-Saxon, but Morey says that he has deci...
25 September 1936
Simonne d'Ardenne to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1829


Simonne dArdenne writes to Tolkien to say that once she has finished her latest article, on the Brussels Cross, she will send it on to him to read. She ...
27 September 1936
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J.R.R. Tolkien to Aurelius Pompen
#79


Reverend Father Aurelius Pompen (Professor of English at the Catholic University of Nijmegen) had contacted Tolkien asking if the family could take in a...
c. 27 September 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Tombrock
#1831


After failing to reply to Aurelius Pompens letter earlier, Tolkien finally replies days before the start of Michaelmas term, 1936. Tolkien sends a note ...
3 October 1936 (received 5 October)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1832


Tolkien sends the completed typescipt for the Hobbit and one illustration, likely one of his maps. Allen and Unwin will receive them two days later on 5...
5 October 1936
Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1833


Stanley Unwin writes to Tolkien to acknowledge receipt of the typescripts for the Hobbit. He also asks Tolkien to see his translation of Pearl, which th...
21 October 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#1368
 Carpenter #8c



Tolkien sends birthday wishes for his son Michael. He says that he has heard from John that he is short of cash and apologizes for his lack of help but ...
26 October 1936
R.W. Chapman to George S. Gordon
#1836


R.W. Chapman writes to George S. Gordon who it is assumed had mentioned Tolkiens increased salary. He is pleased, and also that Tolkien has been awarded...
28 October 1936
George S. Gordon to R.W. Chapman
#1837


Gordon replies to Chapmans letter saying that he believes that Tolkien has finished his parts on the Clarendon Chaucer, but that they are finished to a ...
30 October 1936
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Rayner Unwin to Sir Stanley Unwin
#1176


Sir Stanley Unwins son Rayner was paid to write a review of a book that was being considered for publication, The Hobbit by J.R.R. Tolkien
5 November 1936
George S. Gordon to R.W. Chapman
#1838


Following his letter to R.W. Chapman, Gordon must have spoken with Tolkien as he replies that Tolkien will have another try.
2 December 1936
Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1839


Stanley Unwin sends to Tolkien the contract duplicate. This is noted by Hammond/Scull as the final step for accepting the Hobbit for publication and on ...
4 December 1936
Susan Dagnall to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1840


Further to her visit to see Tolkien, Susan Dagnall sends Tolkien a revised specimen page of The Hobbit and asks him to write a short blurb for GA&U to u...
8 December 1936
J.R.R. Tolkien to Susan Dagnall
#1841


Tolkien replies to Susan Dagnalls letter. He includes the blurb for publicity on the Hobbit. He does not like the star ornament at the beginning of the ...
10 December 1936
Susan Dagnall to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1842


Susan Dagnall writes again to Tolkien on the matter of the Hobbit. His maps will require redrawing as there are too many colours. She suggests red and b...

1937

1937-1940
J.R.R. Tolkien to Registry University of Oxford, King Edward VI School, Birmingham
#1168


This entry covers various letters between Tolkien, the Registry University of Oxford and King Edward VI School, Birmingham, relating to Tolkien’s tenu...
4 January 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to Susan Dagnall
#9
 Carpenter #9



Tolkien details work he has recently completed on maps for The Hobbit, as well as other suggestions. Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull note that ther...
7 January 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Allen & Unwin
#1844


Tolkien returns a slip to GA&U, likely the publicity piece for The Hobbit.
7 January 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1845


C. A. Furth of GA&U writes to Tolkien on matters of his illustrations for The Hobbit. His drawings are admirable and blocks for them are being produced....
17 January 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#10
 Carpenter #10



Tolkien discusses the details of, and placement within the text, some of his illustrations in The Hobbit, as well as potential changes to his illustrati...
23 January 1937
Susan Dagnall to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1846


Susan Dagnall of GA&U writes to Tokien asking if he can keep one day free, either 13 or 14 Fenruary free for her and C. A. Furth can visit Tolkien to di...
23 January 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Susan Dagnall
#1847


Tolkien in reply to Susan Dagnalls letter sent that morning, , notes that he can keep either 13 or 14 February free. He includes the original drawing of...
1 February 1937
Susan Dagnall to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1848


Susan Dagnall writes to Tolkien, correcting a misstatement in her previous letter . Thrors Map will ahve to be used as an endpaper due to costs, but not...
2 February 1937
R. W. Chambers to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1159


Chambers writing to Tolkien tells him that he must not delete a single word from his Beowulf lecture. The letter from Chambers is found in Oxford, Bodle...
5 February 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Susan Dagnall
#11
 Carpenter #11



Tolkien replies to Susan Dagnall of GA&U on matters of the reproductions of some of his illustrations in The Hobbit. In the 2023 revised edition of Lett...
8 February 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to R.W. Chambers
#139


Tolkien makes mention of the new volume on Buckingham by P.N. Tolkien also promises to send Chambers a copy of his book, written for his children and oc...
12 February 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#1369
 Carpenter #11a



Tolkien replies to Michaels letter. It appears that Michael has opted to change his work, but Tolkien would like to talk with Welch & Bostock first befo...
20 February 1937
George Allen & Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1849


GA&U send to Tolkien a set of proofs for the Hobbit.
21 February 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Allen & Unwin
#1850


Tolkien writes to GA&U noting that he has corrected the first proofs for The Hobbit but says that he wants to keep hold of them until the complete set h...
24 February 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1851


C. A. Furth of GA&U writes to Tolkien to inform him that the fine lines in The Trolls illustration have broken when reproduced, but that there is no roo...
24 February 1937
George Allen & Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1852


GA&U sends to Tolkien the remaining proofs of The Hobbit and ask that he restricts any corrections to those unavoidable. They further ask that he try to...
2 March 1937
George Allen & Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1853


GA&U return to Tolkien the typescripts of Farmer Giles of Ham and Roverandom.
?10 March 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Allen & Unwin
#1854


Tolkien returns to GA&U the remaining proofs, end-papers, and suggestions for them of The Hobbit.
?10 March 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#1370
 Carpenter #11b



Tolkien writes to C. A. Furth of GA&U acknowledging the two drawings which were “safely received”, he has placed them in the correct positions among...
23 March 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1855


Replying to Tolkiens letter, Furth comfirms that Tolkien will receive proofs of the corrected portions for The Hobbit. Tolkien is warned that the correc...
30 March 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#1866


Writing to C. A. Furth of GA&U, Tolkien hopes that the proofs for The Hobbit will arrive with him during his vacation. He also notes that he will attemp...
31 March 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1867


In reply to Tolkiens letter, C.A. Furth writes to say that the printers have decided to revise the whole of The Hobbit. Tolkien should receive some of t...
c. 3-4 and 7 April 1937
George Allen & Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1869


In two batches, Tolkien receives the proofs for The Hobbit. Exact dates are not known but does follow approximately to C. A. Furths letter of 31 March 1...
7 April 1937
Oxford University Press to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1868


Oxford University Press provide Tolkien with proofs for his essay Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics. Tolkien delivered the lecture on 25 November 19...
13 April 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#12
 Carpenter #12



Concerning Tolkiens corrections to the text of The Hobbit, the cost of those corrections, and who would incur that cost, as well as details of his submi...
15 April 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1870


C.A. Furth writes to Tolkien. He makes mention that the margins around the Hobbit illustrations will be adjusted before the final printing and apologize...
c. 16 April 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Priscilla Tolkien
#1371
 Carpenter #11c



Tolkien writes to his daughter Priscilla in April, 1937 while he is away on a walking tour of Somerset. He hopes to see her tomorrow. He remarks that he...
25 April 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Charles Furth
#137


Tolkien writes back to Furth in regards to the dustjacket design for The Hobbit. Furth wrote on April 15th that the pink hue that Tolkien put on the mou...
28 April 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1871


Furth writes to Tolkien to say that the red will have to be removed from The Hobbit jacket and the sun will have an outline to highlight it. This letter...
11 May 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1872


C. A. Furth informs Tolkien that a US publisher is interested in publishing The Hobbit and they would like to add four colour illustrations to the book....
13 May 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#13
 Carpenter #13



This two-page handwritten letter contains some of Tolkiens thoughts on the potential publication of The Hobbit in the USA. Tolkien can make illustration...
14 May 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1873


In reply to Tolkiens letter asking about the US publisher interested in The Hobbit, C. A. Furth gives details. It is the Houghton Mifflin Company. He no...
22 May 1937
George Allen & Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1874


GA&U send to Tolkien (for his approval) proof copies of The Hobbit dust-jacket.
26 May 1937
George Allen & Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1875


GA&U send to Tolkien (for his approval) sample bindings for The Hobbit.
28 May 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#475


Tolkien, writing to GA&U approves the dust-jacket for The Hobbit but feels the sun would be better with a finer outline. He prefers the green binding an...
28 May 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#14
 Carpenter #14



In this three-page handwritten letter, Tolkien writes to his publisher about the release date for The Hobbit, going on at length about how it would be b...
31 May 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to Lionel Salt
#80


Tolkien writes to Lionel Salt, the Bursar at Pembroke College, University of Cambridge to apologise that he must miss a play as Christopher, his son was...
1 June 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1919


Writing to Tolkien, C. A. Furth of GA&U asks him to return the approved binding for The Hobbit. He agrees that the wavy line will be removed, but says t...
c. 1 June 1937
George Allen & Unwin to Houghton Mifflin Co.
#1920


Noted in their letter to Tolkien of 1 June 1937,
2 June 1937
R. W. Chambers to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1160


Chmabers writes telling Tolkien that he is relieved that the Beowulf lecture retained all the text Tolkien had shown him. This followed a letter from Fe...
2 June 1937
Mabel Day (Early English Text Society) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1921


On 2 June, Mabel Day had reported to the Early English Text Society that their edition of the Ancrene Riwle had met on 27 May. They recommended that the...
11 June 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to Pembroke College
#138


Tolkien writes to Pembroke College recommending Mr. N. Davis for a place at the college.
1 July 1937
R.W. Chambers to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1932


R. W. Chambers writes to Tolkien on the publication of his Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lecture, Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics to offer his cong...
1 July 1937
Allen Mawer to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1933


Allen Mawer writes to Tolkien on the publication of his Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lecture, Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics to offer his congrat...
c. July 1937 - August 1937
George Allen & Unwin to C. S. Lewis
#1978


C. S. Lewis recieves an unbound copy of The Hobbit from GA&U.
4 July 1937
David Nichol Smith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1934


David Nichol Smith writes to Tolkien on the publication of his Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lecture, Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics to offer his ...
5 July 1937
F.E. Harmer to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1935


F. E. Harmer writes to Tolkien on the publication of his Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lecture, Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics to offer his congra...
8 July 1937
George S. Gordon to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1936


George S. Gordon writes to Tolkien on the publication of his Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lecture, Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics to offer his co...
8 July 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1944


C. A. writes, informing Tolkien that GA&U will send him a new binding for The Hobbit. It will have have different lettering without the lines under the ...
?9 July 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#1945


Tolkien writes to Furth of GA&U. He agrees that the revised binding would do. He had hoped that the wavy line would be transfromed into something and me...
?22 July 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Allen & Unwin
#1946


Tolkien writes to GA&U and encloses the most recent photograph of himself as requested by Susan Dagnall. By letter or in person? He asks them again abou...
23 July 1937
A. W. Reblen to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1947


A.W. Rablen, an undergraduate at Oxford, writes a letter to Tolkien, listing some misprints in the 1930 impression of the Tolkien and Gordons Sir Gawain...
24 July 1937
Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1948


Stanley Unwin writes to Tolkien on the matter of his visit to London to meet with him and C. A. Furth on 28 July. He notes that if they have heard from ...
25 July 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#1949


Tolkien replies to Stanley Unwins letter. He will meet him at the GA&U office around 12.30pm on 28 July. he is unsire of the copyright status of the pho...
29 July 1937
F. Molina to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1937


F. Molina writes to Tolkien on the publication of his Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lecture, Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics to offer his congratul...
c. Early August 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#1950


Tolkien had been in London a day after seeing Stanley Unwin and had been asked to dinner next time he had reason to be in London, but Tolkien felt it wa...
3 August 1937
Oliver Elton to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1938


Oliver Elton writes to Tolkien on the publication of his Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lecture, Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics to offer his congra...
6 August 1937
Mabel Day to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1922


Having not heard from Tolkien since her last letter, Mabel Day writes again. She notes that most members agree with him, but that senior member A. W. Po...
10 August 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1951


C. A. Furth writes to let Tolkien know that he is sending to him an advance copy of The Hobbit and asks if he would like more. He notes that Houghton Mi...
13 August 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#1966


Tolkien writes to C. A. Furth asking that copies of The Hobbit be sent to R. W. Chambers and George S. Gordon. He says that GA&U can use the colour illu...
13 August 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#1967


Writing to Stanley Unwin, Tolkien hopes that they can lunch together when he visits London next, most likely in November. He has not as yet had time to ...
c. 14 August 1937
George Allen & Unwin to R.W. Chambers
#1984


As requested by Tolkien, C. A. Furth sends a copy of The Hobbit to R. W. Chambers. This letter is found among the Tolkien-George Allen & Unwin papers, a...
16 August 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1968


Furth confirms that he has sent the copies of the Hobbit to the people Tolkien requested. He includes the drawing of a dragon that Tolkien had produced ...
c. 20 August 1937 (undated)
R.W. Chambers to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1985


Chambers writes to Tolkien to thank him for a copy of The Hobbit. It is this letter which is forwarded by Tolkien with a letter to GA&U. This letter is ...
28 August 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mabel Day (Early English Text Society)
#1923


Tolkien replies to Mabel Days letter of 6 August. He says that he hoped to have completed work on her request by now but notes that the death of the lib...
30 August 1937
Mabel Day (Early English Text Society) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1969


Mabel Day replies to Tolkiens letter. She will ask Cambridge for permission to use their manuscript. She notes that A. W. Pollard claims to have not rec...
31 August 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth (Allen & Unwin)
#15
 Carpenter #15



Tolkien enclosed the last of his coloured illustrations for the American edition of The Hobbit. He asked Allen & Unwin to forward it to Houghton Mifflin...
c. 1 September 1937
E. V. Gordon to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1972


E. V. Gordon sends to Tolkien the completed manuscript of his edition of Pearl and asks him to revise and criticize it. Tolkien will reply by 20 Novembe...
c. 1 September 1937
George Allen & Unwin to Elaine Griffiths
#1979


GA&U send a copy of The Hobbit to Elaine Griffiths. Elaine was a family friend, and recalls reading the story from a beautifully typed copy.
4 September 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1973


In a letter to Tolkien, C. A. Furth notes that he has written to Houghton Mifflin asking that Tolkiens specimen drawings be returned and asks them to co...
5-7 September 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth (of George Allen and Unwin)
#81


Writing to C.A. Furth, and apologizes for his lengthy letter regarding the dustcover blurb. Tolkien believes he is still waiting on five copies of The H...
6 September 1937
Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1974


Stanley Unwin sends Tolkien an advance of £25 for The Hobbit.
7 September 1937 (postmarked)
R.W. Chambers to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1986


Chambers writes again offering thanks for a copy of The Hobbit, and presumably, criticism on it. This letter is held at the Bodleian Library archives.
8 September 1937
C.A. Furth (GA&U) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1975


C. A. Firth informs Tolkien that he is sending a complimentary copy of The Hobbit to W. R. Childe and that his remaining author copies will be sent to h...
17 September 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#1333


Tolkien writes to C.A. Furth of GA&U. He needs five outstanding authors copies and seven copies for giving to a few people who cannot buy a of The Hobbi...
17 September 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#1372
 Carpenter #15a



Tolkien, writing to Stanley Unwin, apologizes for sounding ungrateful to him. Unwin had sent Tolkien a much welcomed cheque. He hopes that the Hobbit ea...
21 September 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to Simonne d'Ardenne
#82


A short note enclosed with a copy of The Hobbit (published on this day) sent by Tolkien as a gift to Simonne dArdenne. The letter is kept at the Univers...
c. 21 September 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to E.V. Gordon
#1976


Tolkien sends a copy of his newly published book, The Hobbit, to his friend E. V. Gordon.
c. 21 September 1937
George Allen & Unwin to K. M. (Katherine Mary) Kilbride
#1980


GA&U sends a copy of The Hobbit to Tolkien family friend and former student, Katharine Kilbride.
c. 21 September 1937
George Allen & Unwin to Marjorie Incledon
#1982


GA&U sends a copy of The Hobbit to Tolkiens cousin, Marjorie Incledon at his request. Marjorie, along with her sister Mary created langauges when they w...
c. 21 September 1937
George Allen & Unwin to Mary Incledon
#1983


GA&U send Mary Incledon, Tolkiens cousin, a copy of The Hobbit as requested by him. WIth her sister Marjorie, she invented Animalic which first exposed ...
22 September 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to Jane Neave
#112


Tolkien wrote to his Aunt, Jane Neave enclosing a signed copy of The Hobbit. This letter and the book were described with some short quotes and an image...
23 September 1937
E. V. Gordon to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1977


E. V. Gordon replies to Tolkien to thank him for a copy of The Hobbit. The letter is held at the Bodleian Library archive.
2 October 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1373
 Carpenter #15b



Writing to his son Christopher, Tolkien says how delighted he is to have received his letter, although he doesnt expect them. He, Edith, and Priscilla h...
3 October 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#16
 Carpenter #16



Tolkien thanks Michael for keeping an eye of Christopher. He says that Chris will make a mess of things to start, but he will settle in and be of no fur...
October 5, 1937
Richard Hughes to Allen & Unwin
#1861


Allen & Unwin had sent copies of The Hobbit to various authors in order to solicit reviews. Hughess response was used for publicity materials to adverti...
11th October 1937
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Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1987


Stanley Unwin writes to Tolkien telling him that The Hobbit is selling well, and had good reviews in the Times Literary Supplement and The Times itself....
15 October 1937
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#19
 Carpenter #17



Tolkien was pleased that The Hobbit was being well received, though he knows that the two glowing, unsigned reviews in The Times and the Times Literary ...
23 October 1937
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#21
 Carpenter #18



Originally published as just a fragment of a thank you letter to Stanley Unwin who had written that Tolkien was one of those rare people with genius. In...
12 November 1937
🖼
Mabel Milton to Hilary Tolkien
#1889


Hilarys Aunt Mabel writes in reply to his letter. She has been unwell for quite some time and is only able to travel short distances. She hopes to be we...
17 November 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#1009


Hammonds Bibliography notes that Tolkien wrote to Stanley Unwin about Simonne dArdennes translation of an early draft of Farmer Giles of Ham in a letter...
c. 20 November 1937
E. V. Gordon to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1643


E.V. Gordon writing to Tolkien. Sisam has said that his Pearl edition is too long and Gordon asks Tolkien if he would be willing to prune it for him, fi...
22 November 1937
J.R.R. Tolkien to E.V. Gordon
#1374
 Carpenter #18a



Writing to his friend and colleague E.V. Gordon, Tolkien says of Gordon that he has been treated badly. He says that he cannot help enough on the Pearl ...
December 1937
Christopher Tolkien to Father Christmas
#1858


Young Christopher writes a letter to Father Christmas (likely in early December) where he describes how his father (JRR Tolkien) read The Hobbit to him ...
13 December 1937
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Arthur Ransome to J.R.R. Tolkien
#106


Arthur Ransome, best known for his Swallows and Amazons series of childrens books wrote to Tolkien in 1937 after The Hobbit had been published, firstly ...
14 December 1937
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J.R.R. Tolkien to G.E. Selby
#84


Tolkien apologizes for the delay in replying due to his poor health. writes that he prefers his own mythology which The Hobbit only briefly touches upon...
14 December 1937
R. W. Chambers to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1161


Further to his earlier letters to Tolkien (see #TCGLetter1159, and #TCGLetter1560) Chambers had recently finished writing a review (see reference below)...
15 December 1937
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Arthur Ransome
#105


Replying to Arthur Ransomes letter of 13th December (see #TCGLetter106) Tolkien opens with exclamations of honour at receiving a letter from Ransome. To...
15th December 1937
Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1109


Stanley Unwin quotes to Tolkien a positive note from Arthur Ransome about The Hobbit. This letter is quoted in The History of the Hobbit. The letter is ...
16 December 1937
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#22
 Carpenter #19



Regarding Tolkiens next project after The Hobbit. He had previously discussed The Father Christmas Letters with Unwin and passed him manuscript of the Q...
17 December 1937
Arthur Ransome to J.R.R. Tolkien
#890


Arthur Ransome writes to Tolkien with further thoughts about The Hobbit. he says that he had recently had an operation and the book had turned that time...
19 December 1937
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#23
 Carpenter #20



I have written the first chapter of a new story about Hobbits – A long expected party. One page reproduced in the Silver Anniversary booklet and the G...

1938

1 February 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#24
 Carpenter #21



Originally published as just a fragment of a letter, gauging Rayner Unwins interest in reading the sequel to The Hobbit. In the revised 2023 edition of ...
4 February 1938
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#25
 Carpenter #22



Tolkien sends his publisher a copy of ‘A Long-expected Party’, the first chapter of The Lord of the Rings. He also encloses errata for The Hobbit fo...
11th February 1938
🖼
Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1988


Stanley Unwin writes that his son Rayner is delighted with the sample chapter from the new book about hobbits. Rayner does wonder if a child who hasnt r...
17 February 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#589


Tolkien informs his publisher that Houghton Mifflin are yet to return to him the five orginal watercolour paintings for The Hobbit.
17 February 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#26
 Carpenter #23



The publishers were again considering the publication of Mr Bliss, which had previously languished due to the complexity of the illustrations, but Tolki...
18 February 1938
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#27
 Carpenter #24



In this two page handwritten letter, Tolkien thanks Unwins son Rayner for his positive criticism of A Long-Expected Party, but regrets that he has still...
20 February 1938
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Editor of the Observer
#28
 Carpenter #25



On 16 January 1938 the Observer newspaper published a letter asking about the The Hobbits links to Beowulf and other branches of mythology, as well as t...
4 March 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#30
 Carpenter #26



Tolkien writes to Stanley Unwin about C.S. Lewiss Out of the Silent Planet and gives his progress on the sequel to The Hobbit. He also mentions a letter...
12 March 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Houghton Mifflin Co.
#31
 Carpenter #27



Houghton Mifflin seemed to have asked Tolkien for drawings of Hobbits for some future edition of The Hobbit. Tolkien stated that such drawings should be...
25 April 1938
Houghton Mifflin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1860


Houghton Mifflin, the American publisher of The Hobbit, notified Tolkien that he has won a $250 award for the best childrens book published that Spring.
3rd May, 1938
🖼
Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1989


Stanley writes a short cover letter to Tolkien explaining that Rayner has had little time (going to boarding school on this day), but has scribbled down...
3 May 1938
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1990


Rayner scribbles a book report on the first three chapters of the Hobbit sequel. His father Stanley sends this review to Tolkien along with a cover letter.
28 May 1938
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Kenneth Sisam
#107


Tolkien opens by noting that he received a card from Turville-Petre, who would be leaving for Iceland, most likely on the 3rd June.
June 4th 1938
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#32
 Carpenter #28



On 1 June Unwin had told Tolkien that approximately 3,000 copies of the American edition of The Hobbit had been sold. In April, the book had been awarde...
21 July 1938
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to A.F. Colborn
#108


Tolkien provides a letter of recommendation for his B.Litt student A.F. Colborn.
24 July 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#35
 Carpenter #31



The Hobbit should have come out in 1938 instead of 1937, said Tolkien, because in 1939 he would have the time and mood to write the sequel. Current work...
July 25th 1938
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#33
 Carpenter #29



Tolkien wrote to Stanley Unwin concerning a request made by Rütten & Loening Verlag. This German publishing house had enquired about a possible German ...
July 25th 1938
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rütten & Loening Verlag
#34
 Carpenter #30



Rütten & Loening Verlag, a German publisher, had enquired about the possibility of a translation of The Hobbit, and asked about his ancestry and Aryan-...
27 July 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to John Masefield
#36
 Carpenter #32



Masefield invited Tolkien to impersonate Chaucer in Oxford’s 1938 Summer Diversions to recite the Nun’s Priest’s Tale. With the invitation were so...
31 July 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Ida Gordon
#1125


Tolkien sends his condolences to the wife of E.V. Gordon, who had recently died due to complications from an operation.
31 Jul 1938
Edith Tolkien to Ida Gordon
#1128


Edith sends her condolances for the death of Idas husband, E. V. Gordon.
11 Aug 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Ida Gordon
#1126


Tolkien pays tribute to E. V. Gordon, and offers any help he can, talking about finances, the publication of The Wanderer and The Seafarer, and the affe...
11 August 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to John Masefield
#1169


Tolkien writes to John Masefield relating to the Summer Division and praises the recitation of Letters from Pontus (Epistulae ex Ponto) along with the p...
19 Aug 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Ida Gordon
#1127


Tolkien has been ill. He offers advice on Idas financial situation.
31 August 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#37
 Carpenter #33



Unspecified troubles led to the edge of a breakdown for Tolkien and he had been ordered by a doctor to rest. He had gotten Farmer Giles of Ham typed and...
26 Sep 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Ida Gordon
#1129


Tolkien offers more condolences about the Gordon familys loss, and talks more about his childhood. He acknowledges receipt of papers relating to Pearl f...
8 October 1938
🖼
Andrew Bennet to J.R.R. Tolkien
#111


The secretary of St. Andrews University wrote a letter to Tolkien confirming their wish for him to deliver the Andrew Lang Lecture, they hope that Tolki...
October 1938*
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Simonne d'Ardenne
#109


Tolkien replies to Simonne dArdennes letter of 10 October. In it he offers various corrections and suggestions for Sweets Anglo-Saxon Primer and says he...
13 October 1938
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#38
 Carpenter #34



Tolkien stated that he had worked very hard for a month on the sequel to The Hobbit and had reached Chapter XI. He was thoroughly engrossed in it with a...
24 December 1938
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Kilbride
#110


Tolkien opens with news of the terrible year the family have had. Christopher has had a bad heart and in bad health the entire year. More than a dozen f...

1939

c. 1940
J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Williams to Warren H. Lewis (Last will and testament signatories)
#1691


Tolkien and Charles Williams signing of the will of Warren H. Lewis. 2pp received by Clyde S. Kilby, August 1966.
11 January 1939
J.R.R. Tolkien to Simonne d'Ardenne
#1044


This letter is quoted in DArdennes article Two Words in Ancrene Wisse and the Katherine Group in Notes and Queries 227 (1982), p. 3 where Tolkien discus...
2 February 1939
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#39
 Carpenter #35



Tolkien reported that the new story, The Lord of the Rings, had reached Chapter 12 and over 300 pages of manuscript. He foresaw at least 200 more pages ...
10 February 1939
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.A. Furth
#51
 Carpenter #36



Tolkien had received a royalty check sent by Furth on February 8th for The Hobbit and he thanked him for it, calling it a tonic since he had the influen...
1 March 1939
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#1375
 Carpenter #36a



Tolkien offers his sympathies to his son Michael as he has been bedridden with a bad cold. He has been very busy and feels he has neglected his son with...
May 6 1939
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to R. W. Chambers
#1031


Tolkien expresses his fears of the propaganda circling around the developing world situation. Portions of this letter are reproduced in Moreana 94 (1987).
6 May 1939
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Alan Rook
#1758


Alan Rook (1909-1990) a student at Oxford in the 1930s, had possibly studied under Tolkien, and was editor of the 1936 issue of New Oxford Poetry, the j...
16 May 1939
🖼
Edith Tolkien to Alan Rook
#1759


Alan Rook (1909-1990) a student at Oxford in the 1930s, had possibly studied under Tolkien, and was editor of the 1936 issue of New Oxford Poetry, the j...
4 July 1939
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Segar
#113


Tolkien pens a letter to Miss Segar regarding hours for the upcoming examinations. He also asks her for the address of a Miss Ridgeway to the same ends....
14 July 1939
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to John Masefield
#1786


Tolkien writes apologetically because he has missed the deadline for the program (of the years Oxford Summer Diversions); he had looked through The Cant...
15 September 1939
J.R.R. Tolkien to Phillip Unwin
#1376
 Carpenter #36b



Tolkien updates Phillip Unwin on the current situation at universities given the news of war with Germany. He says there will be a reduced demand, but s...
12 October 1939
Charles Williams to Florence "Michal" Williams
#1787


Writing to his wife, Charles Willians notes that Tolkien and Lewis have asked him to lecture at Magdalen next term if hes still around at that time.
19 December 1939
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#52
 Carpenter #37



Tolkien had agreed to write a forward to a revision by C.L. Wrenn of Clark Hall’s translation of Beowulf but had not answered several inquiries about ...

1940

3 January 1940
J.R.R. Tolkien to The Society (R.W. Chapman)
#1170


Tolkien in a letter to The Society (addressed to Chapman) says he is not able to host The Society meeting and dinner as Exeter and Pembroke are not avai...
28 January 1940
Charles Williams to Florence "Michal" Williams
#1788


Charles Williams, writing to his wife, says that Tolkien and Lewis are taking him to the Divinity School at Oxford tomorrow. Note that Wayne Hammond and...
30 March 1940
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#53
 Carpenter #38



Allen & Unwin had sent a letter on 27 March desperately asking for the promised forward to Clark Hall’s Beowulf, even if it was just a word or two. An...
12 July 1940
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#1377
 Carpenter #38a



Tolkien replies to a letter from his son Michael where he had evidently spoken about his feelings about events of the world, studies, etc. Tolkien is re...
20 July 1940
🖼
Mary Incledon to Hilary Tolkien
#1890


Mary Incledon replies to Hilary. She has been unwell and cannot see people for long. if he wishes to visit her next Friday she would be delighted but if...
25 July 1940
🖼
Walter Incledon to Hilary Tolkien
#1891


Walter Incledon, Uncle to Hilary and Ronald writes upon the death of Mary a couple of days previous. He is concerned about the mortgage in Marys name an...
29 September 1940
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#54
 Carpenter #39



Tolkien told his son Michael of two women, mother and daughter-in-law, who were staying with the Tolkiens during the Blitz. They went back to London tha...
6 October 1940
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#55
 Carpenter #40



Michael Tolkien volunteered for army service in September 1939. He was told to spend one year at a university and then enlist. He entered Trinity Colleg...
20 October 1940
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1378
 Carpenter #40a



Tolkien hopes that Christopher has not had air raids recently. He notes that he is very lonely without him close to home. Tolkien has been busy with ter...
17 November 1940
🖼
Florence Hadley to Hilary Tolkien
#1894


Hilarys Aunt Florence, who lives in Victoria BC, Canada, writes offering sympathies for the current situation in Europe. Letters are taking between thre...

1941

2 January 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#56
 Carpenter #41



Tolkien told Michael that, now that his correspondence was in order, he could finally work on The Lord of the Rings again... for a short while, as the n...
12 January 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#57
 Carpenter #42



J.R.R. Tolkien sent Michael many letters while he convalesced in a Worcester hospital. In this letter, Tolkien chatted about the weather and an amusing ...
26 January 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1379
 Carpenter #42a



Tolkien sends Christopher some money, and reminds him that it is important to remember birthdays, especially his mother’s. Tolkien then goes on to rem...
1 February 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1380
 Carpenter #42b



Writing to Christopher, Tolkien remarks on the work of typing up Hobbit and how Edith and Priscilla are getting along. He then promises to write more.
23 February 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1381
 Carpenter #42c



Tolkien says that he has neglected Christopher of late. He briefly mentions a trip out with Warnie Lewis and ‘Honest Humphrey’ Harvard. He and Micha...
6-8 March 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#58
 Carpenter #43



Tolkien considered three ways by which men dealt with women: purely physical relationships, friendly relationships, and loving relationships. A purely p...
12 March 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#114
 Carpenter #43a



Tolkien’s second son Michael evidently has informed his parents of his attachment to Joan Griffiths, a nurse at the Worcester Royal Infirmary, and Tol...
18 March 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#59
 Carpenter #44



Tolkien told Michael of his mothers family, who were from Worcestershire. Mabel - to whom Michael owed much - was beautiful and full of wit, but died to...
9 June 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#60
 Carpenter #45



One war is enough for any man, declared Tolkien, and he hoped Michael would be spared a second. He knew what Michael was suffering through. When he was ...
26 November 1941
J.R.R. Tolkien to R.W. Chapman
#61
 Carpenter #46



R. W. Chapman, Secretary to the Delegates of the Oxford University Press, asked Tolkien for reminiscences about George S. Gordon (to possibly be include...

1943

[1943*]
🖼
Allan Formhals (forgery) to N/A
#18


Forged letter purporting to be from 1943 (dated by an internal reference to Priscilla being fourteen) describing how Tolkien wrote the Lord of the Rings...
29 January 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to J.L.N. O'Loughlin
#117


Tolkien writes a letter to J.L.N. O’Loughlin. He is currently organising courses for the Navy and Air Force cadets. At a board meeting which Tolkien d...
20 April 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.S. Lewis
#63
 Carpenter #48



Lewis had been traveling around England giving talks on Christian religion to RAF stations and had become ill. Tolkien was sorry to hear that Lewis had ...
21 April 1943
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Alan Rook
#118


A wartime postcard from Tolkien to the Cairo poet Alan Rook, contrasting his own literary inactivity – necessitated by the war effort – with the wor...
April 1943*
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.S. Lewis
#64
 Carpenter #49



Tolkien began by stating that he had never been happy about Lewiss view of Christian policy regarding divorce, although he could not before say why. He ...
28 July 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1383
 Carpenter #49a



Tolkien was glad to get Christophers letter, he had been waiting to write, needing his new address. He mentions the weather, and fruits which are growin...
3 August 1943
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Leila Keene and Pat Kirke
#119


Tolkien wrote this long letter to two schoolgirls, Leila Keane and Patricia Kirke who were both very enthusiastic about hobbits, in reply to their quest...
1 September 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1384
 Carpenter #49b



Tolkien details a visit to Collegiate Church and describes the building. He then remarks on the people buried there and gives some historical context.
8 September 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1385
 Carpenter #49c



Christopher had apparently been having a bad week, and Tolkien writes with his sympathies. He says to not spend “precious time” on letter writing, t...
13 September 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1386
 Carpenter #49d



Tolkien has organized the next R.N.-R.A.F. course, he will have around 40 cadets and has to attend the Passing Out Parade of the R.N. tomorrow. He is al...
19 September 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1387
 Carpenter #49e



Tolkien asks how Christopher has been getting on with flight training, he says that he has been very busy with letters and chores, but did manage to hea...
19 October 1943
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Elizabeth J. Jennings
#147


Tolkien writes a personal testimony for the daughter of his friend Henry Cecil Jennings.
19 October 1943
🖼
Florence Hadley to Hilary Tolkien
#1895


Hilarys Aunt Florence writes from Victoria BC, Canada to wish them all well for the Christmas period. She talks on world events, and notes her regret th...
25 October 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#65
 Carpenter #50



Tolkien describes how the trees look this time of year, and mentions that he will be meeting C.E.B. Joad the next night for dinner, hosted by C.S. Lewis...
27 October 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#85
 Carpenter #51



Tolkien describes meeting C.E.B. Joad the night before at dinner with C.S. Lewis, and talks a bit about Joads visit to Russia. The dinner is described i...
C. November 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Charles Williams
#961


This three page letter is held at the Wade but no details of it are known. The Charles Williams collection at the Wade states this is A Closed Letter po...
3 November 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1388
 Carpenter #51a



Tolkien had not managed to send Christopher his pipe yesterday, and sends it on to him with this letter. He and Edith received a long letter and were ha...
10 November 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1389
 Carpenter #51b



Tolkien reports that he is tired, but has managed to get things done in his usual “programme”. He notes that he has heard two chapters from Charles ...
29 November 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#86
 Carpenter #52



Tolkien claimed that his political opinions leaned increasingly to Anarchy (philosophically understood) or to unconstitutional Monarchy. He would arrest...
9 December 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#87
 Carpenter #53



Tolkien was sickly amused that the bloodthirsty murderer Josef Stalin invited all nations to join to abolish tyranny and intolerance. Tolkien thought th...
15 December 1943
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1390
 Carpenter #53a



Tolkien writes to Christopher after hearing from his brother Michael that Christopher had been unwell again. Tolkien updates him on home life, with Edit...

1944

6 January 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1391
 Carpenter #53b



Tolkien replies to a letter from Christopher, he is glad to hear from him and notes his instructions for his tobacco. He has prayed constantly for his s...
8 January 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#88
 Carpenter #54



Tolkien offers Christopher advice on prayer and to remember his guardian angel. He reminds him to use praises, and says of them if you have these by hea...
18 January 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#89
 Carpenter #55



Tolkien related local news, of which the most personally memorable was a stay in an air raid warden room. Referring to the number one at the beginning o...
25 January 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1392
 Carpenter #55a



Tolkien has not written for a week and speaks of his “shame of letting a whole week go”. He has been praying for Christopher constantly though. Tolk...
Before March 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1523


No details of this letter are known except for the note in #TCGLetter1033 that says Tolkien now knows that Christopher had received the fotobriefs in FS 5.
1 March 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#90
 Carpenter #56



Tolkien mentions the return of the Useless Quack, Robert Havard, who had joined the Navy medical corps and was on leave in Oxford. He then told of C.S. ...
24 March 1944 (posted)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1521


No details from this letter are currently known and it is only noted in Tolkiens letter of 27 March, 1944 as airgraph FS 10.
27 March 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1393
 Carpenter #56a



Tolkien says they have received many letters from Christopher, he will feel much better when he knows that he has received theirs. Tolkien notes that he...
30 March 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#91
 Carpenter #57



Tolkien had seen the Lewis brothers the day before and lunched with C.S. Lewis. The indefatigable Lewis read part of a new story and put pressure on him...
3 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#92
 Carpenter #58



Tolkien told a story about finding himself in a carriage with an R.A.F. officer and a very nice young American Officer. A stroll around Tolkiens hometow...
5 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#93
 Carpenter #59



Tolkien reported seriously trying to finish his book, staying up late, re-reading and doing research. It was painfully sticky getting into the swing aga...
8 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1033
 Carpenter #59a



Tolkien writes to Christopher and mentions him sitting in his garden on a beautiful night around 2 a.m. Tolkien had struggled that day with a chapter an...
13 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#94
 Carpenter #60



Christopher had arrived in his training camp in South Africa and letters were beginning to flow again between him and his father. Tolkien missed his son...
18 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#95
 Carpenter #61



Tolkien had always opposed Christopher’s choice of service but at least he would be spared active service on the ground. Tolkien was glad his son got ...
23 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#96
 Carpenter #62



Tolkien had read his second chapter, Passage of the Dead Marshes, to Lewis and Williams and reported that they approved of it. He was nearly done with a...
24 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#97
 Carpenter #63



Tolkien had had the uncommon luxury of lying a-bed with toast, home-made marmalade, and Christophers recent letter. He had gotten only broken sleep due ...
30 April 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#98
 Carpenter #64



Tolkien missed his son and said that war was an utter stupid waste – materially, morally, and spiritually. Although the products of worldwide anguish ...
4 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#99
 Carpenter #65



Tolkien had seen C.S. Lewis and read another chapter. He said he would soon send Christopher copies.
6 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#100
 Carpenter #66



Tolkien expressed some comments about the slow airgraph system. The Professor and his son wrote a lot, but since their letters arrived late, they could ...
11 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#101
 Carpenter #67



Tolkien reported to Christopher about various every day affairs, including meetings with C.S. Lewis, Charles Williams and R.B. McCallum. He had found so...
12 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#102
 Carpenter #68



Tolkien spent a morning writing and was within sight of Minas Morghul. He had not gotten new copies typed to send to Christopher because he was pushing ...
14 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#103
 Carpenter #69



Tolkien had written a certain amount of The Lord of the Rings the day before but he had been hindered by needing to clean up his study and dealing with ...
21 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#104
 Carpenter #70



Tolkien had had the advantage of a bitterly cold week in which to write, but had struck a sticky patch. Everything sketched or written before was of lit...
25 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#142
 Carpenter #71



Letters from Christopher had poured in and Tolkien envied his sons stationing in Africa, which stirred a curious sense of reminiscence in him. Tolkien h...
31 May 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#143
 Carpenter #72



Tolkien had been to an Inklings meeting where a chapter of Warnie Lewiss book on Louis XIV had been heard, along with some excerpts from C.S. Lewiss Who...
10 June 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#144
 Carpenter #73



Tolkien reported that a great deal had happened at his end of the world. He expected that Christopher knew as much as he did, except that Tolkien mentio...
22 June 1944
Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1342


Stanley Unwin writes to Tolkien asking of he could meet his son Rayner who is serving as a Cadet in the Navy at Oxford. He also encloses a cheque for £...
27 June 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1395
 Carpenter #73a



Tolkien had gone to bed early, and stayed there for nearly 10 hours, which he says has made him feel “worn out”. He mentions that he had received a ...
29 June 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#145
 Carpenter #74



On 22 June Unwin sent Tolkien a substantial cheque for royalties on The Hobbit and let him know that his son Rayner Unwin was reading English at Oxford ...
7 July 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1396
 Carpenter #74a



Writing to Christopher, Tolkien gives news of C.S. Lewis and his need for an operation to remove some shrapnel, which he says must have been in his arm ...
7 July 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#146
 Carpenter #75



Tolkien wrote this letter in midget type. He explained that although he had written recently he had a great desire to communicate. He had been shopping ...
28 July 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#165
 Carpenter #76



Tolkien assured his son that he would not dream of altering Samwise Gamgees name without his approval, but the object of altering it was to bring out th...
31 July 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#166
 Carpenter #77



Tolkien reports in a newly published portion that he had received Christophers airletter of 24 July. He says that his day on Friday was “grim”, as h...
12 August 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#167
 Carpenter #78



Tolkien told his son that he carefully read his letters and that it was right for him to open his troubled heart, but not to think that any part of his ...
22 August 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#168
 Carpenter #79



Kroonstad, said Tolkien, was a real product of current English culture. Johannesburg is what it would like to be. Tolkien predicted that in twenty years...
3 September 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#169
 Carpenter #80



Tolkien told Christopher of his attempts to teach Priscilla the meaning of G.K. Chestertons The Ballad of the White Horse.
19 September 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to G.E. Selby
#120


Tolkien sends a postcard with greetings to Selby. He also notes that Priscilla, his daughter, is typing early chapters of The Lord of the Rings, which h...
19 September 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to G.E. Selby
#1397
 Carpenter #80a



Tolkien writes to G.E. Selby, a family friend agreeing to act as a referee for his application to a post. In a newly published extract, which he hopes G...
20 September 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#1398
 Carpenter #80b



Tolkien says that he has now seen Rayner twice. He regrets that he has not been able to help him but remarks on what a fine young man he is. He hopes th...
23-25 September 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#170
 Carpenter #81



Christopher had sent back, with approval, several chapters of The Lord of the Rings that his father had sent. Tolkien was pleased and planned to send th...
30 September - 6 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1524


Tolkien noted this airgraph (FS 53) in his letter of 6 October but no other details are currently known.
30 September 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#171
 Carpenter #82



Tolkien had just returned from a very poor production of Arms and the Man. While at the theatre he saw C. Williams with the lady who was typing Ring and...
6 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#172
 Carpenter #83



In a newly published portion of this letter Tolkien remarks on what a wonderful week it has been for letters from Christopher. He hopes that letters fro...
12 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#173
 Carpenter #84



Tolkien began writing The Lord of the Rings again but hit an error in synchronizing the movements of Frodo and the others. It took a day or two to figur...
14 October 1944
Michael H.R. Tolkien to The Evening Despatch
#122


In this letter to the Evening Despatch of Birmingham, Michael specifies that he does not belong to any particular political party and that his is an int...
16 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#174
 Carpenter #85



Tolkien reported struggling with the dislocated chronology of the Ring, which had interfered with other urgent and duller duties and had stopped his wri...
23 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#175
 Carpenter #86



Tolkien told Christopher that he was bored and tired, and then discussed the topic blasphemy.
25 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#176
 Carpenter #87



Along with this letter Tolkien sent two more chapters of the Ring to Christopher for his delectation and criticism. Since he thought the packet would no...
28 October 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#177
 Carpenter #88



Tolkien lamented the fading of an empty year into darkness and wondered what the new year would bring.
29 October 1944
🖼
C.S. Lewis to Charles A. Brady
#1924


Writing to Charles Brady, C. S. Lewis makes mention of Tolkien and his Hobbit books. He mentions that a sequel to the Hobbit will soon be finished. He d...
1 November 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1399
 Carpenter #88a



Tolkien was interested to hear that Christopher had run into “another of the Unwins”, Harold Unwin, a.k.a Chris. He says that Rayner was at Blackwel...
7-8 November 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#178
 Carpenter #89



Christopher had referred to the care of his guardian angel was being held. Tolkien then gave a detailed description of his experience and his meditation...
13 November 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1400
 Carpenter #89a



Tolkien had seen C.S. Lewis and he notes how Lewis had been interested in the “angelic question” which Tolkien had mentioned to him in an earlier le...
24 November 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#179
 Carpenter #90



Tolkien and Edith had been amused by Christopher Tolkiens account of the Wings Ceremony. He wondered how his son had seen and remembered a quotation fro...
29 November 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#216
 Carpenter #91



Tolkien sent Christopher the last two chapters of the Fourth Book, where it would be seen that Tolkien had gotten the hero into such a fix that not even...
29 November 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1401
 Carpenter #91a



Tolkien says that he gave two lectures yesterday, which was an “appalling” day of weather but that he had an excellent morning “at the Bird” wit...
4 December 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1402
 Carpenter #91b



Tolkien opens with the news that he has finished his Beowulf lectures . He has neglected academic matters in favour of working out the time-schemes and ...
10 December 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1403
 Carpenter #91c



Tolkien has given himself an early Christmas gift in the form of a new pruner for the garden, and gives a humorous description of his cycling to the gar...
18 December 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#217
 Carpenter #92



In a newly published portion, Tolkien says that today is the last day for Christmas post arriving in time for Christmas and laments the way the holiday ...
24 December 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#218
 Carpenter #93



Tolkien was happy that Christopher had enjoyed the next three chapters of the Ring and told him new consignments should reach him about 10 December and ...
28 December 1944
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#219
 Carpenter #94



Tolkien was happy that Christopher had sent many letters and that more of Ring had arrived. His son liked it even though it seemed to have added to his ...

1945

7 January 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1404
 Carpenter #94a



Tolkien says he is struggling with letters, many of which he should have written at Christmas. He complains that the weather is bitterly cold and he can...
9 January 1945
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Leila Keane and Patricia Kirke
#572


Tolkien writes to Leila Keane and Patricia Kirke, he discusses his progress with The Lord of the Rings, and the fortunes of his family. The letter was a...
9 January 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1405
 Carpenter #94b



Tolkien continues to talk about the movie he and Edith saw remarking that his “mind and heart” are still thinking of it. He says that it has the qua...
15 January 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1406
 Carpenter #94c



Tolkien says that he is still “under the influence” of the movie he and Edith saw a week ago and continues to talk about religion, God, and other as...
18 January 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#220
 Carpenter #95



Tolkien enthused about reading Stentons Anglo-Saxon England. Tolkien hoped his son could one day delve into the story of the origins of their peculiar p...
30 January 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#221
 Carpenter #96



Tolkien met Lewis at the Mitre for warmth and beer, where he received a telephone call informing him that Professor H.C. Wyld had died. This left Tolkie...
10-11 February 1945
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to The Catholic Herald
#121


In this long letter, Tolkien discusses the derivations of convent and Coventry. The letter was published in The Catholic Herald, 23 February 1945, and e...
11 February 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#222
 Carpenter #97



Tolkien reports wasting time writing a letter to the Catholic Herald (published as The Name Coventry). A sentimentalist correspondent had written about ...
17 February 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1407
 Carpenter #97a



Tolkien says that he is finding lectures hard work, and that he is tired. He is surprised that he does not have written notes for Beowulf beyond approx....
23 February 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to E.H. Connor
#1408
 Carpenter #97b



Tolkien discusses Chaucer, saying he had “little learning”, some Latin skill but lacked the talent for prose. Also on this day Tolkiens letter to th...
12 March 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1409
 Carpenter #97c



Tolkien writes to Christopher while in working with Cadets at the Taylorian . He is missing his son and wishes he could see him. He gives an update on t...
Undated (circa 18 March 1945)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#223
 Carpenter #98



Stanley Unwins elder son David had read Leaf by Niggle, called it exquisite, and suggested that it be published with other short stories by Tolkien. Unw...
29 April 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#1410
 Carpenter #98a



A short excerpt from Tolkien to Christopher after he had been on leave. He describes seeing him again as like having an old tooth with a dulled ache. He...
15 May 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Florence (Michal) Williams
#224
 Carpenter #99



Tolkien sent his heart out in sympathy. He had grown to admire and love her husband and was more grieved than he could express. Father Gervase Mathew wo...
29 May 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#225
 Carpenter #100



Christopher had returned from South Africa and was stationed with the R.A.F. in Shropshire. He hoped to transfer to the Fleet Air Arm. J.R.R. Tolkien wo...
2 June 1945
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to C. Maegraith
#123


Maegraith had sent Tolkien a packet, which he had not acknowledged, he explains he had waited in the hope to have something to say about it but May had ...
3 June 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#247
 Carpenter #101



The Civil Defense was staging a stand-down parade and Tolkien said he would drag himself to it. But he felt it was a mockery.
9 August 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#248
 Carpenter #102



Tolkien commented on the Atomic bombs, and denounced such tactics as utter folly.Tolkien ended the fragment with the statement that we are all in Gods h...
24 August 1945
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to The Secretary, Students Department, British Council
#1034


This letter was found in the National Archives. Tolkien is applying to the British Council for Simonne dArdenne to be allowed to return to Oxford for a ...
9 October 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#124
 Carpenter #102a



Tolkien writes to his son Christopher, informing him that the Inklings propose to consider him a permanent member. An extract from the letter appears in...
11 October 1945
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to The Director, Students Department, British Council
#1035


In a follow-up to Tolkiens letter, #TCGLetter1034, Tolkien mentions that it would be of great satisfaction if Professor dArdenne could be granted a retu...
11 October 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#249
 Carpenter #103



After being elected to the Merton Professorship of English Language and Literature, Tolkien became a Professorial Fellow of Merton College. After being ...
22 October 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#250
 Carpenter #104



For the first time Tolkien dined at the Merton high table, which had been very agreeable but odd. The dons met, chatted amiably, and when enough were th...
17 November 1945
J.R.R. Tolkien to Roger Sharrock
#1068


Tolkien discusses his support for Sharrocks application for academic posts, and mentions C.S. Lewis and Charles Williams.

1947

undated but likely 1947
J.R.R. Tolkien to Adrian
#899


Tolkien writes to Adrian after he had visited Cambridge. Nothing else is known and the letter is undated but he visited Cambs in 1947. The original lett...
10 January 1947
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to A.W. Riddle
#127


Tolkien writes to A.W. Riddle about languages.
13 January 1947
J.R.R. Tolkien to Gilbert Murray
#1177


Writing to Gilbert Murray, Tolkien with regret notes that he is powerless to help with the task of securing employment of one J.C. Ghosh, an Indian stud...
5 May 1947
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#1412
 Carpenter #107a



Tolkien notes to Stanley Unwin that he has received the agreement for Farmer Giles of Ham, he would also send revised manuscripts for it in July Hammond...
5 July 1947
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#254
 Carpenter #108



Tolkien returned his revised manuscript of Farmer Giles of Ham, having made many alterations which he hoped and thought were for the better. He pointed ...
31 July 1947
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#255
 Carpenter #109



A fair typescript of Book I of The Fellowship of the Ring had been given to Rayner Unwin and on 28 July 1947 he had sent his comments to Tolkien. Rayner...
20 September 1947
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#256
 Carpenter #110



The Houghton Mifflin Co. asked Allen and Unwin for permission to use several riddles from The Hobbit in a poetry anthology. Allen and Unwin suggested to...
21 September 1947
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#257
 Carpenter #111



Tolkien stated that he had written a letter to Unwin on the last day of July but had laid it aside since it seemed too much of a bother about his works....
26 September 1947
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jennifer Paxman
#128


Tolkien writes to Jennifer with some advice on an Oxford College, and errors in The Hobbit. A description of the letter appeared in The J.R.R. Tolkien C...
30 September 1947
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rosemary
#129


Writing to a young fan, Rosemary, Tolkien says he is yet to finish his new book about Bilbo and his nephew. . He worries that it is so long that the pub...
30 September 1947
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#1036
 Carpenter #111a



Tolkien writes to Stanley Unwin with regard to his visit of Merton Colleges estates in Cambridge, Leicestershire, and Lincolnshire between 22 and 25 Sep...
2 October 1947
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to A.W. Riddle
#130


Tolkien writes to Mr Riddle about Languages.
30 November 1947
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#140
 Carpenter #112



Katharine Farrer, an Oxford-based detective author, had apparently asked for her copy of The Hobbit to be signed. Instead, Tolkien wrote her a note in R...
17 December 1947
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Malcolm Knox
#131


Tolkien thanks Knoxs for his hospitality when Tolkien delivered his lecture On Fairy-Stories at the University of St Andrews in 1939. Noting that Knox w...

1948

18 January 1948
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to J.L.N. O'Loughlin
#132


Tolkien had received a parcel, he thanks OLoughlin and confirms it arrived safely. Tolkien has been very busy and had flu recently, hence his delayed re...
18 January 1948
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rosemary
#149


Tolkien writes a two page letter to Rosemary, telling her about him, being busy and unwell, hence the delay in reply. Wishes her the best for 1948 and m...
25 January 1948
J.R.R. Tolkien to C.S. Lewis
#265
 Carpenter #113



Apparently Tolkien and Lewis had been corresponding about Tolkiens criticisms of something Lewis had read aloud to the Inklings. This may have been part...
7 April 1948
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#266
 Carpenter #114



Brogan had read The Hobbit, and inquired about the world it played in. Tolkien informed him about Farmer Giles of Ham and the unfinished The Silmarillio...
12 May 1948
Christopher Tolkien to Edward A. Allen
#1167


No details of this letter are known. It is held at the Wade Center. Noted as (collection) L-Allen (date) May 12, 1948 (sender) Christopher Tolkien (reci...
15 June [?1948]
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#267
 Carpenter #115



Tolkien was touched and excited by a kind letter Mrs. Farrer had sent to him. Although he had worked on these things since 1914 only C.S. Lewis and his ...
5 August 1948
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#268
 Carpenter #116



Allen and Unwin had chosen Milein Cosman to illustrate Farmer Giles of Ham and, after many delays, sent Tolkien samples for his opinion. Tolkien was not...
10 August 1948
George Allen & Unwin (Ronald Eames) to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1236


In reply to Tolkiens letter of 5 August (see #TCGLetter268) Ronald Eames says that George Allen & Unwin have decided to not use the illustrations of Mil...
10 August 1948
George Allen & Unwin (Ronald Eames) to Pauline Baynes
#1237


Ronald Eames writes various artists, among them is Pauline Baynes, a young artist who will go on to illustrate many Tolkien books and become a life-long...
20 August 1948
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to J.G. Riewald
#1915


A two page letter written in response to a Max Beerbohm scholar who asked what Tolkien thought of Beerbohm. Tolkien writes that his cartoons amuse him, ...
31 October 1948
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#269
 Carpenter #117



Tolkien told Brogan that he had gone into retreat in the summer and had successfully concluded The Lord of the Rings. It had been read and approved by R...
11 December 1948
🖼
Roland Suffield to Hilary Tolkien
#1896


Roland Suffield, Uncle to Hilary and Ronald, writes to Hilary wishing them all the best for Christmas. He encloses some postal orders for the children. ...
25 December 1948
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#270
 Carpenter #118



Tolkien sent Hugh Brogan Christmas greetings in a note with three inscriptions. The first was a form of Angerthas not quite matching the dwarf-runes of ...

1949

7 January 1949
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to J.L.N O'Loughlin
#150


Tolkien sends a rushed note saying that he will act immediately. On behalf of what it is not known.
28 January 1949
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to The Times
#984


Cardinal Mindszenty is a letter, co-signed by J.R.R. Tolkien, sent to the editor of The Times (published on 28 January 1949; p. 5). The letter, written ...
28 February 1949
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#271
 Carpenter #119



Tolkien declared that he did not have the time to retype Farmer Giles and did not think it necessary. Typing a fair copy of The Lord of the Rings was a ...
11 March 1949
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Turnbull
#133


Tolkien reports that he has completed The Lord of the Rings, he doubts it will ever be published but he will send Miss Turnbull a copy, along with Farme...
16 March 1949
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#272
 Carpenter #120



Pauline Baynes had been contracted to illustrate Farmer Giles of Ham. Tolkien had not seen her pictures until the day before. He wrote to say that he wa...
4 June 1949
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Pauline Baynes
#134


Tolkien replies stating he is very pleased at the illustrations for Farmer Giles of Ham. He says that after seeing the images, his friends, very justly,...
12 July 1949
🖼
Magdalen Tolkien to Gabriel Tolkien
#1897


Magdalen Tolkien writes to her son, Gabriel. She reports that Paul, his younger brother, has won three prizes at school in the sports day. She reports o...
13 July 1949
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#273
 Carpenter #121



Tolkien had referred to further legends of the Little Kingdom in the Foreword to of Farmer Giles of Ham in case he ever wrote more. But Georgius and Sue...
15 July 1949
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Flint
#1091


Tolkien writing to Miss Flint apologises for his delay in replying. he had been away but upon his return had much delayed business to attend to which in...
19 August 1949
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Flint
#1090


Following on from his previous letter (#TCGLetter1091), Tolkien apologises for being unhelpful to Miss Flint for so long. He believes that her revised t...
19 August 1949
J.R.R. Tolkien to A. H. Smith
#1820


Two page handwritten letter in which JRRT congratulates Smith on the Quain election and writes on behalf of a student named Mrs. Pietrkiewicz, maiden na...
27 October 1949
🖼
C.S. Lewis to J.R.R. Tolkien
#908


Lewis writes to Tolkien after reading The Lord of the Rings giving Tolkien high praise and feedback. The entire letter is published in volume two of Lew...
12 November 1949
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss R.W. How
#135


Tolkien writes that he has two books accepted for publication, and nearly finished. Quotes were published from the letter in Sothebys Catalogue of Valua...
28 November 1949
J.R.R. Tolkien to Robert Havard
#930


No details of this letter are known. It is held at the Wade.
18 December 1949
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs. Naomi Mitchison
#136
 Carpenter #122



A two page letter (single 5.5 x 7 inch sheet, both sides) in response to Mrs. Mitchisons praise of Farmer Giles of Ham. Tolkien mentions that FG was rea...
20 December 1949
J.R.R. Tolkien to Pauline Baynes
#1162
 Carpenter #122a



Tolkien writes to Baynes making mention that Lewis had been in touch and wishes her a Happy Christmas. She (Baynes) is illustrating Lewiss Lion, Witch b...
25 December 1949
J.R.R. Tolkien to Pauline Baynes
#916


Pauline Baynes had written to say she was meeting with C.S. Lewis on the 31st. Tolkien replies that he and his family would also like to meet her if pos...
31 December 1949
J.R.R. Tolkien to Pauline Baynes
#917


Baynes replied to Tolkiens letter that she might not have time to see him. He left a letter with Lewis as they were meeting on New Years Eve. He would b...

1950

1950s
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jeremiah Hogan (and family)
#1180


Tolkien spent some time in the 1950s in Ireland and while there he stayed with the Hogan family. The father, Jeremiah worked with Tolkien during his vis...
5 February 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Milton Waldman
#275
 Carpenter #123



Tolkien writes to Milton Waldman of the Collins Publishing co., who he had been introduced to in 1949. Waldman had been interested in publishing the Sil...
24 February 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#276
 Carpenter #124



Allen and Unwin sent Tolkien an enquiry from a Mr. Selby asking if he had written an Authentic History of Faery. After explaining that he had been busy ...
10 March 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#277
 Carpenter #125



Tolkien said that a work of great length could be artificially divided, such as when the Oxford Dictionary had sections labeled Onomastical – Outing. ...
10 March 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Milton Waldman
#293
 Carpenter #126



Unwin wants to break up Tolkiens monstrous Saga, and Tolkien hopes Unwin will let the project go so Tolkien can publish The Lord of the Rings and The Si...
3 April 1950
Sir Stanley Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1525


Sir Stanley Unwin writes to Tolkien on the matter of how to publish the Lord of the Rings. He does not see a possibility of one volume and gives some fi...
14 April 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#294
 Carpenter #127



Relations between Tolkien and Allen & Unwin had begun to become strained as Tolkien felt that A&U were not open to publishing his work as he would have ...
1 August 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#295
 Carpenter #128



In July, Tolkien was sent proofs for a new edition of The Hobbit. Along with minor corrections, the new version of Chapter 5, Riddles in the Dark had be...
3 September 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Guy Milner
#941


No details of this letter are known. It is held at the Wade and consists of two pages.
4 September 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#1415
 Carpenter #128a



Writing to Hugh Brogan, Tolkien notes that he does not know what is happening with The Lord of the Rings which he had hoped would be published this year...
10 September 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#296
 Carpenter #129



For the new edition of The Hobbit, Tolkiens publishers asked for the precise wording for a note that explained the changes. People who had read both ver...
14 September 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#297
 Carpenter #130



Tolkien had, by way of example, sent in a new version of the chapter Riddles in the Dark, which Allen & Unwin included in the second edition of The Hobbit.
9 October 1950
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#1416
 Carpenter #130a



Tolkien in a letter to Hugh Brogan gives him some updates on his health. He also says that “Drama” is a “bore”.

1952

c. January 1952 - July 1953
Derek Price to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1356


Interesting and lengthy letter to Prof. Tolkien on a possible Chaucer holograph. Nothing more on this 3 page letter is known but it has been sold a numb...
10 February 1952
J.R.R. Tolkien to Father John Tolkien
#314
 Carpenter #132



Tolkien writes to his son John about a meal that he had with Lewis, which they called the ham-feast.
23 March 1952
J.R.R. Tolkien to John Tolkien
#1417
 Carpenter #132a



Tolkien says that Edith is much happier but for the terrible noise in the street. He says that they will move into the room he currently uses as an offi...
22 May 1952
🖼
C.S. Lewis to Dear Grittletonians
#1008


Lewis letter recommending Tolkiens The Hobbit.
22 June 1952
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#315
 Carpenter #133



Rayner Unwin had written to Tolkien about Errantry and this gave Tolkien an opportunity to see if he could get The Lord of the Rings published by George...
4 July 1952
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Moore
#156


A short note from Tolkien to Miss Moore explaining that he has forgotten to enter the date to which her Viva Voce had been removed. Viva Voce: an oral e...
7 August 1952
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Sayer
#157


In 1937, at the urging of his publishers Collins, Tolkien began writing a new Hobbit. Due to his full-time academic position, progress was slow, and he ...
10 August 1952
J.R.R. Tolkien to Moira Sayer
#158


Tolkien writes a letter to Moira Sayer concerning the second half of The Lord of the Rings. Excerpts from the letter appeared in Christies 20th Century ...
29 August 1952
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#350
 Carpenter #134



Tolkien was anxious to publish The Lord of the Rings as soon as possible as he thought it a great but not flawless work. He only had one copy that he da...
21 October 1952
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#1418
 Carpenter #134a



Tolkien writes to wish Michael a happy birthday for tomorrow. He is busy with work but offers his prayers and love to his son. He also mentions the arri...
24 October 1952
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#351
 Carpenter #135



A printer had estimated that to recover costs The Lord of the Rings would have to be priced at £3 10s at a minimum and would cost more if divided into ...
10 November 1952
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1355


Rayner Unwin writing to Tolkien gives him the welcome news that they have decided to publish The Lord of the Rings. They will take the unusual approach ...
12 November 1952
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1419
 Carpenter #135a



Tolkien replies to Rayners letter and mentions his pleasure at the news of Allen & Unwins decision to publish The Lord of the Rings.
15 November 1952
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr Burns
#1062


Writing to a Mr. Burns. Tolkien refers to a Professor Kennedys book of Anglo-Saxon verse and a Miss Kirchberger who had sought Tolkiens advice on her wo...

1953

Not dated (1953)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Basil Blackwell
#1420
 Carpenter #135b



Tolkien remarks to Basil Blackwell on the merits and shortcomings of a linguistic text being published in the near future. He points out that had he bee...
29 January 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael and Joan Tolkien
#1421
 Carpenter #135c



Writing to his son Michael and daughter-in-law Joan, Tolkien gives an update on their move to a new house, to 76 Sandfield Road. He notes that the start...
8 March 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Sayer
#159


Tolkien has not supplied Sayer with a copy of The Lord of the Rings as yet.
11 March 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Norman Davis
#1422
 Carpenter #135d



Tolkien notes how it has been some time since he wrote, he has been meaning to but has been getting his affairs in order with his house move. He says th...
later in March 1953 (see letter dated 8 March)
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Sayer
#160


An undated letter from later in March contains a new plea for help, this time in writing a publicity blurb for The Lord of the Rings.
24 March 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#352
 Carpenter #136



Following Allen & Unwins decision to publish The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien wrote that he could not make it by the agreed upon dead-line (March 25). Edi...
11 April 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#353
 Carpenter #137



Tolkien had meant to write to Rayner sooner and apologized that it was already eleven days into April. At last Tolkien had completed Part I of The Lord ...
21 April 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Norman and Lena Davis
#1423
 Carpenter #137a



Tolkien writing to Norman and Lena Davis begins by saying that he does not know how to call Davis, now that he has spent time with him and ate his “br...
28 April 1953
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Sayer
#161


Tolkien writes to George Sayer apologising for not thanking Sayer for his letter. Tolkien had received books late, missing a contract deadline. Tolkien ...
27 May 1953
Simonne d'Ardenne to The Faculty, Liege University
#83


A letter from Simonne dArdenne addressed to the Faculty dated May 27, 1953, proposing J.R.R. Tolkiens candidacy for an honorary doctorate with a biograp...
5 June 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1424
 Carpenter #137b



Tolkien asks Rayner Unwin for an update on galleys for The Lord of the Rings. He hopes that there will be little work as the copy was “pretty good”....
5 June 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1425
 Carpenter #137c



Tolkien writes to Allen & Unwin asking if there will be opportunity for the book to be reviewed. He wants C.S. Lewis especially to be able to review the...
22 June 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to P.H. Newby
#1426
 Carpenter #137d



Tolkien writes to P.H. Newby of the BBC. Newby had been negotiating to broadcast some of Tolkiens translation of Sir Gawain but pressures meant that he ...
24 June 1953
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Sayer
#162


Tolkien opens by apologising for for typing his reply. He has severe pain in his hand and cannot currently write. He discusses university and family mat...
8 July 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to P.H. Newby
#1427
 Carpenter #137e



Tolkien writing to P.H. Newby of the BBC, apologies for his delay in sending the typescript of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, which he has enclosed wi...
11 July 1953
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Robert Burchfield
#1080


Tolkien advises his student Burchfield about his thesis about Ormulum - the proposed thesis title is remarkably close to a recent German publication tha...
22 July 1953
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to W.N. Beard
#163


Writing in reply to a letter from Beard (July 16th), Tolkien confirms he has received galleys that were wrongly delivered to his old address at 99 Holyw...
4 August 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#354
 Carpenter #138



Galley-proofs of Volume I of The Lord of the Rings were sent to Tolkien in mid-July. Tolkien told his son that they had proven a bore. They were endless...
8 August 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#355
 Carpenter #139



Tolkien was told that it was desirable to have separate titles for each of the three volumes of The Lord of the Rings, referring to Tolkiens 24 March le...
15 August 1953
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Ronald Eames
#180


Eames had written to Tolkien the previous day regarding galleys for The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien replies saying he will return all copies, if it is li...
17 August 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#356
 Carpenter #140



Rayner Unwin had just visited Tolkien, and he thanked Rayner for coming and clearing things up. For the volumes of The Lord of the Rings Tolkien suggest...
31 August 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to George McDonald(?)
#1079


Letter discussing galleys of Lord of the Rings as well as Tolkiens translation of Sir Gawain. Although he complains about the lack of a tape recorder, w...
31 August 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1428
 Carpenter #140a



Tolkien writes, reminding Rayner that he will be in London the following day, he hopes Rayner will have time to lunch with him. He will arrive at Museum...
3 September 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to P.H. Newby
#1429
 Carpenter #140b



The BBC had expressed a desire to split Sir Gawain into six episodes but Tolkien does not think he can improve the divisions further. But after consider...
23 September 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to W.N. Beard
#1430
 Carpenter #140c



Tolkien apologizes for his delay in providing comments on the drawings. He does not think them satisfactory. He says that he should have been more caref...
9 October 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#369
 Carpenter #141



The maps were essential and urgent but Tolkien could not get them done. Enormous time had been spent without profit due to lack of skill plus being harr...
15 October 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to P.H. Newby
#1431
 Carpenter #141a



Tolkien writes to P.H. Newby, giving details of his various health issues at present. He is suffering from laryngitis, lumbago, and sciatica. He still h...
19 November 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1432
 Carpenter #141b



Tolkien writes to Rayner, he has been struggling with ill-health through the term and only recently has he been able to deal with “many strands” of ...
30 November 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1433
 Carpenter #141c



Tolkien will bring his copy of the third volume for GA&U to use for costing but says it is yet to be revised and will need to be returned to him. He hop...
1 December 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1434
 Carpenter #141d



Tolkien writing to Rayner says that Volume Two reads “rather well” and notes that the first book contains very few errors. He hopes to arrive at the...
2 December 1953
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Perry
#1088


Writing to Miss Perry Tolkien discusses the Lord of the Rings, hoping it will be published in the coming year. He has had Ill health and has been very b...
2 December 1953
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Father Robert Murray
#370
 Carpenter #142



Robert Murray had offered Tolkien some thought on The Lord of the Rings to which Tolkien replies. Tolkien was pleased by Murrays words of encouragement ...
10 December 1953
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#1435
 Carpenter #142a



Tolkien thanks Katharine Farrer Tolkien has a galley of Volume One of The Lord of the Rings which he has read only once, intended for Farrer to read, an...
14 December 1953
🖼
George Allen & Unwin Publishers Ltd to Arthur Ransome
#868


GA&U sent Arthur Ransome a copy of The Fellowship of the Ring asking him to review it. Included was a short note: I am sending you a set of uncorrected ...
28 December 1953
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#181


Tolkien arranges to visit Allen & Unwin in London with the manuscript for The Return of the King. A reproduction of the postcard appears in Treasures fr...

1954

Unknown but assumed after The Lord of the Rings is published.
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Griffiths
#884


Tolkien writes to a Mr. Griffiths regarding Cecily Clarks Peterborough Chronicles.
22 January 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#371
 Carpenter #143



Tolkien told Rayner Unwin he would send Book III, the first part of Volume II, carefully corrected. Book IV would follow later.
29 January 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rector of the University of Liège
#186


Concerning festivites around Tolkiens honorary doctorate at the University of Liége. The letter was published in the article Tolkien and Belgium by Joh...
16 March 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1359


Tolkien sends by registered post two maps, the General Map, and Part of the Shire. Both of these maps were drawn by Christopher Tolkien. Tolkien will no...
16 March 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1436
 Carpenter #143a



Writing to Allen & Unwin, Tolkien says that he has today, sent by registered, the proof for the “General Map” with a second map for Part of the Shir...
23 March 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1437
 Carpenter #143b



Tolkien, writing to Allen & Unwin, encloses possible jacket designs, one for The Fellowship of the Ring, and another for The Two Towers. Describing them...
24 March 1954
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1438
 Carpenter #143c



Tolkien sends Allen & Unwin proofs of various pages and notes that included rune for “33” are not good, also “59” which he has previous explaine...
26 March 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1439
 Carpenter #143d



Tolkien has drawn a sketch for Volume III, but says he wont show it to Rayner as it is not constructive to point out the artificial divisions in the vol...
15 April 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1440
 Carpenter #143e



Further to #TCGLetter1438, Tolkien says that p. 33 passes, p. 59 is improved. He has discovered “2 or 3” errors in the runic decoration on the title...
20 April 1954
P.H. Newby to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1360


Newby writes to Tolkien asking if an examination of the eighteenth-century Grammarians would make a suitable subject for a talk on the BBCs Third Progra...
25 April 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#372
 Carpenter #144



Naomi Mitchison had a number of questions about the first two volumes of The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien began the letter by thanking her for all her let...
30 April 1954
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Stanley Unwin
#187


Tolkien writes to Stanley Unwin regarding Richard Hughess opinion of The Lord of the Rings. Quotes from the letter appears in Sothebys Catalogue of Nine...
3 May 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to P.H. Newby
#1441
 Carpenter #144a



In reply to a letter from P.H. Newby, Tolkien says that a talk on the Third Programme would be a suitable subject but notes that it would be a controver...
13 May 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#390
 Carpenter #145



Tolkien said that the Americans were not very amenable to criticism, but he thought their effort so poor that he had to make some effort to improve it. ...
17 May 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Henry Willink
#188


Tolkien discusses C.S. Lewis and his invitation to Cambridge. Lewis had intitially refused the offer citing family obligations, namely his brothers heal...
17 May 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to H.S. Bennett
#920


Tolkien writes to H.S. Bennett who had written to Tolkien the previous day. He discusses the proposed move by C.S. Lewis to Cambridge. C.S. Lewis would ...
?18 or 20 May 1954
Bennett? to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1164


This letter is housed at the Wade Center but no details are currently known of its contents.
3 June 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd, [to Ronald Eames]
#391
 Carpenter #146



The Production Department had asked Tolkien to approve the design of the dust-jacket for The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien thought his opinion of the jacke...
10 June 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1442
 Carpenter #146a



Tolkien addresses queries about The Two Towers by Allen and Unwins head reader. Tolkien found the close reading exraordiary. A large publisher will have...
15 June 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#392
 Carpenter #147



The publishers altered the design of the dust-jacket for The Lord of the Rings in light of Tolkiens objections in Letter 146. Tolkien had received his a...
6 August 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Perry
#1061


Tolkien remarks on the division of The Lord of the Rings into three volumes, and complains about the contemptuous review of the first volume in the Sund...
7 August 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#393
 Carpenter #148



Tolkien acknowledged that misprints still existed in Volume I, but nasturtians was deliberate and represented a final triumph over the high-handed print...
17 August 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#189


Tolkien writes to his son Michael, telling of the welcome from certain people of his major work. He suggests that Michael George, his grandson, may enjo...
18 August 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#1443
 Carpenter #148a



Tolkien remarks on the morality of The Lord of the Rings and thanks the Farrer for paying close attention to such matters. He addresses the connections ...
21 August 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Neville Coghill
#190


Christina Scull and Wayne Hammond in a blogpost posted an extract of a letter to Nevill Coghill which can be read at
9 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rector of the University of Liège
#191


A continuation of a letter dated 29 January that same year about Tolkiens honorary doctorate. He also confirms he will gladly accept the invitation to t...
9 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#394
 Carpenter #149



Tolkien found that the reviews were a great deal better than he had feared. They might have been better if quoting Ariosto had been avoided or without c...
18 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#395
 Carpenter #150



Tolkien regretted that no copy for the Appendices had been sent. He was doing his best to produce them before the end of the month. His index had reache...
18 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#398
 Carpenter #151



Tolkien opined that part of the fascination with The Lord of the Rings was the incomplete vistas of legend and history. Brogan preferred goblins to orcs...
20 September 1954
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Perry
#1087


Tolkien opens by saying he has been ill or else would have replied to Miss Perrys letter of 10 August. He mentions a Mr. Lambert and that authors should...
23 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Heppenstall
#399
 Carpenter #152



Heppenstall asked what dialect the speakers should adopt for the radio program The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth, Beorhthelms Son. Tolkien replied that none ...
25 September 1954
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#402
 Carpenter #154



Tolkien explained why he had not written long before: he had been plagued by business, troubles, illness, and journeys. Mitchison was the only commentat...
25 September 1954
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#403
 Carpenter #155



Tolkien feared that he had been far too casual about magic and the use of the word, although criticism by Galadriel and others of the mortal use of the ...
28 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Daphne Castell
#1046


Daphne Castell (later Cloke) interviewed Tolkien circa 1966. This letter, along with two others and an annotated transcript of her notes for the intervi...
27-30 September 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Peter Hastings
#401
 Carpenter #153



Peter Hastings was the manager of the (Catholic) Newman Bookshop in Oxford. He wrote to Tolkien expressing enthusiasm for The Lord of the Rings but heav...
11 October 1954
Katharine Briggs to J. R. R. Tolkien
#1715


Briggs very much enjoyed reading The Fellowship of the Ring and asks if the next book will be published by Christmas. She had issues with the changes to...
13 October 1954
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to John Staniforth
#193


Tolkien was delighted to receive a letter from Mr. John Staniforth referring to himself as a sexagenarian. Tolkien cites his noticing of the songs in Th...
13 October 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Cheesman
#921


No details of this letter are known. It is held at the Wade.
13 October 1954
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Briggs
#1712


Tolkien was sent a letter on the 11th October and replied to some queries about Gollum and the publication date of The Two Towers.
18 October 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rector of the University of Liège
#192


This letter (written and sent from Dublin) again concerns the festivities of Tolkiens reception of an honorary doctorate at the University of Liège on ...
21 October 1954
Katharine Briggs to J. R. R. Tolkien
#1716


Briggs thanks Tolkien for his reply (#TCGLetter1712) to her first letter (#TCGLetter1715). She looks forward to The Two Towers and The Return of the Kin...
4 November 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Father Robert Murray
#404
 Carpenter #156



Tolkien thanked Murray for his letter that contained comments on The Lord of the Rings. One of the reasons he could answer at once was because he had fi...
6 November 1954
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Robert Burchfield
#194


The letter deals with the reception to The Fellowship of the Ring by Tolkiens philological colleagues. A photograph of the first half of the first page ...
17 November 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Heppenstall
#195


Tolkien writes to inform Heppenstall that he is unable to attend the rehearsal and the recording of the radio play for The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth whic...
22 November 1954
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Perry
#1086


Tolkien replies to Miss Perry who had sent Tolkien a favourable review of The Lord of the Rings. He was very pleased and discusses it along with other p...
27 November 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#405
 Carpenter #157



Tolkien felt very mean, knowing that Katharine Farrer had been ill and troubled, and he had not communicated with her at all despite good intentions. He...
1 (and 2nd) December 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Heppenstall
#196


No information is known about this letter
2 December 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#406
 Carpenter #158



Tolkien said that Houghton Mifflins The Two Towers blurb must have been written by someone who had not read the book, but relied on hearsay inaccurately...
13 December 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Heppenstall
#197


No information is known about this letter.
15 December 1954
🖼
Allen & Unwin to Arnoldo Mondadori Editors
#1761


George Allen & Unwin offer a review copy of The Fellowship of the Ring for possible translation into Italian by Arnolda Monadori Editors. They mention t...
20 December 1954
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1444
 Carpenter #158a



Tolkien apologizes to Rayner for not having sent off the main matter earlier, and he details the hectic year he has had. More than any one person could ...
21 December 1954
🖼
Arnoldo Mondadori Editore to Allen & Unwin
#1760


Arnoldo Mondadori Editore ask for a copy of The Fellowship of the Ring and The Two Towers to decide if they wish to print an Italian translation.
30 December 1954
🖼
George Allen & Unwin to Arnoldo Mondadori Editore
#1774


Writing to the Italian publisher, Arnoldo Mondadori Editore, the Foreign Rights Department of GA&U note their pleasure at the publishers consideration t...

1955

18 January 1955
🖼
Arnoldo Mondadori Editore to George Allen & Unwin
#1775


Arnoldo Mondadori Editore (Milan) writes thanking George Allen & Unwin for copies of the Fellowship of the Ring and the Two Towers. They have been sent ...
28 January 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Professor Dodds
#1078


This letters contents is currently unknown. It was noted in the Tolkien Societies journal, Amon Hen
3 February 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Tiller
#198


Tolkien replies to Mr. Tiller regarding a BBC radio adaptation of The Lord of the Rings. He gives his approval and says he will contact Allen & Unwin to...
15 February 1955
🖼
Arnoldo Mondadori Editore (Reading committee report) to Arnoldo Mondadori Editore
#1762


This internal readers report offers various points on The Lord of the Rings while it is being considered for piblication in Italian. In conclusion, the ...
25 February 1955
🖼
Arnoldo Mondadori Editore (Reading committee report) to Arnoldo Mondadori Editore
#1776


An internal Readers report on the Two Towers from Anoldo Mondadori Editore reading committee giving the book a glowing report.
2 March 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Derrick Parnum
#199


Tolkien writes, noting his ill-health, birthdays and gifts, saying that he finds suggestions for presents very odd. Tolkien had ended up receiving a pai...
3 March 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Dora Marshall
#407
 Carpenter #159



Tolkien stated that it took several years to get The Lord of the Rings published. He found it an unfailing delight to find his belief justified: that th...
6 March 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#408
 Carpenter #160



Allen and Unwin were pressing for the remainder of the Appendices. Rayner Unwin wrote (on 2 March) that unless it arrived soon they would have to yield ...
15 March 1955
🖼
Arnoldo Mondadori Editore to Allen & Unwin
#1763


Arnoldo Mondadori Editore turn down publishing The Lord of the Rings as they dont think that a work of this kind could appeal to a great number of Itali...
April 1955
🖼
W. H. Auden to J.R.R. Tolkien
#909


W.H. Auden had been sent a proof copy of the Return of the King during the period it was titled The War of the Ring. He offers feedback, some questionin...
14 April 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#409
 Carpenter #161



The map is hell, proclaimed Tolkien, saying that he had not been careful with distances and that the large scale map simply revealed all the chinks in t...
18 April 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#410
 Carpenter #162



Christopher Tolkien had beautifully re-drawn Tolkiens draft-map of the area with which Volume III was concerned.
2 May 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Turnbull
#200


From tolkiengateway.com: Tolkien writes that he is currently putting final touches on the third volume of The Lord of the Rings (evidently in Appendices...
12 May 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#201


Tolkien replies to Rayner Unwin concerning his approval of Tolkiens map, which Christopher Tolkien reproduced.
19 May 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Turnbull
#202


Thanking Miss Turnbull for a gift and mention that he has sent off the last items (proofs) for The Return of the King.
26 May 1955 (day of delivery)
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1526


Rayner Unwin sends Tolkien a folder with reviews from the USA, forwarded from Houghton Mifflin.
26 May 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1445
 Carpenter #162a



Tolkien is still not happy with the appendices going in with The Return of the King, but says that they will have to do. He remarks on the ability of th...
2 June 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Nathan C. Starr
#203


Tolkien writes that he has been involved with administrative duties as well as other distractions. He hopes that Nathan Starr has The Two Towers and is ...
2 June 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rosemary Summers
#1166


Replying to Rosemary Summers, believed to be a teacher, Tolkien says that some critics argued the Hobbit was too frightening for children. Her school ch...
5 June 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to The New York Times Book Review
#1016


Tolkien responded to a request as to what makes him tick. Quotes from this letter were printed in the 5 June 1955 New York Times Book Review article In ...
7 June 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to W. H. Auden
#476
 Carpenter #163



Tolkien responded that he wrote the Trilogy for personal satisfaction since there was a scarcity of this sort of literature that he wanted to read. He w...
13 June 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Deirdre Levinson
#204


This short note sees Tolkien confirming a visit the following day at noon by Levinson. A description of the letter was included in Bonhams Books, Maps a...
22 or 23 June 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Patricia Kirke
#883


A letter written to P. Tolkien and Edith had been to Ireland where they stayed with a Bridget MacCarthy in Cork. Tolkien says he will be at Oxford aroun...
28 June 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Perry
#1089


Tolkien mentions his visit to London where he met Rayner Unwin. He met Mr. Wilson who he described as the small old Scott who seems to reign over that l...
29 June 1955
Jarrold & Sons of Norwich to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1527


This packet sent to Tolkien from the printers Jarrod & Sons on 29 June is noted in Tolkiens reply to Allen & Unwin. They had sent Tolkien page proofs fr...
29 June 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#477
 Carpenter #164



Tolkien complained of having more work that he could cope with, plus the work on Vol. III. He was feeling as flat as a burst tire but might revive if th...
30 June 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Houghton Mifflin Co.
#478
 Carpenter #165



Out of sheet pity for any new enquirer, Tolkien enclosed a few notes in his letter for Houghton Mifflin. He stated that his name is TOLKIEN and not –k...
5 July 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1446
 Carpenter #165a



Tolkien notes that the proofs sent to him arrived later than expected and notes that this will hurry matters, after his days of leisure have been cut sh...
15 July 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1447
 Carpenter #165b



Tolkien received some additional proofs of The Return of the King back from the printers, and is still not happy with the result. He chalks it up to his...
22 July 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#479
 Carpenter #166



Tolkien informed the publishers that he had returned material sent to him but that it may have missed that day’s post. He realized that time was short...
27 July 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Richard L. Sturch
#960


No details of this letter are known. It is held at the Wade.
27 July 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Judson
#1060


A letter from Tolkien to Miss Judson of Tunbridge Wells talking about The Return of the King and Tolkiens 1955 trip to Italy.
27 July 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1448
 Carpenter #166a



Tolkien informs Rayner that he will be in Gondor for a few days, but doubts that anything urgent will come up while he is away.
28 July 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jennifer Brookes-Smith
#205


Tolkien writes discussing the maps in The Lord of the Rings and his much needed holiday in Gondor ...: Polargir and Lossarnach (identified in a note as...
28 July 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs. Dixey
#206


Tolkien wishes that Mrs. Dixey will enjoy reading the as yet unpublished Return of the King, telling her that there are about 100 pages of appendices. I...
11 August 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to W.N. Beard
#1449
 Carpenter #166b



Tolkien says that he cannot answer Mr. Beards questions until he is back home and has a proof copy of the final text of Return of the King to look at.
15 August 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher & Faith Tolkien
#480
 Carpenter #167



Tolkien described his vacation to Italy with Priscilla. They went to Assisi and Venice.
22 August 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to John Roberts
#208


Tolkien writes to John Roberts, apologising for the delay in publishing the third volume of The Lord of the Rings. He describes the third volume, regret...
6 September 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss A. Munro-Kerr
#349


Tolkien submits a hand-written application and cover letter to join The Society of Authors on this date. He gives his full name, signature, occupation, ...
7 September 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Richard Jeffery
#481
 Carpenter #168



Richard Jeffery, an Oxford student, had some etymological queries. Tolkien replied late, because he was on vacation in Italy (as described in Letter 167...
8 September 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs. Souch
#209


Tolkien answers a letter discussing among other things the delay in the last volume of The Lord of the Rings. He hopes the final volume is close to publ...
8 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#1450
 Carpenter #168a



Tolkien remarks that his holiday in Italy only made him more tired and not at all rested. Combined with his anxieties over the Return of the King releas...
9 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to John Sparrow (The Society)
#1171


Tolkien wriitng to John Sparrow on finances of The Society (Ad Eundem club), the drop in members and subscriptions, he notes that Cambridge is not payin...
11 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#482
 Carpenter #169



Hugh Brogan discovered the word Numinor in C.S. Lewis That Hideous Strength, and asked Tolkien about it.
18 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#517
 Carpenter #171



Tolkien dismissed Brogans self-accusations of impertinency and sycophancy and said that anyone so appreciative and perceptive is entitled to criticism. ...
27 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Martin C. Stone
#958


No details of this letter are known. It is held at the Wade.
28 September 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Perry
#210


Tolkien opens this two sided post-note apologising for his delay in replying. He and Edith have both been very ill of late. He had recieved the proof-co...
30 September 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Philip Unwin (Allen & Unwin Ltd.)
#483
 Carpenter #170



Tolkien in writing to Philip Unwin says that the reader is correct, Tolkien had to extend the Entmoot to fit everything in. He also asks if The Return o...
12 October 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Philip Unwin (Allen & Unwin Ltd.)
#518
 Carpenter #172



Allen and Unwin proposed 20 October 1955 as the publication date for The Return of the King. Tolkien beseeched them not to fail; it was the last possibl...
22 October 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Mitchell
#212


Letter to Mr. Mitchell, about reading The Lord of the Rings and extends offer to sign his 3 volumes. Tolkien hopes that his success with the The Lord of...
22 October 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Judson
#1059


The letter concerns The Return of the King and Tolkiens invented languages as the source from which his stories originally grew.
24 October 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joyce Biddell
#214


Tolkien expresses pleasure that his books cheered her. The recipient may be Joyce Biddell of Maidstone, Kent, who adapted the novel for the stage in 196...
24 October 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#521
 Carpenter #173



Tolkien told of the publishing of The Return of the King on October 20 and the ODonnell lecture due on October 21.
10 November 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Lord Halsbury
#522
 Carpenter #174



Lord Halsbury had suggested to Tolkien that if Allen and Unwin were unwilling to publish The Silmarillion commercially, perhaps it could be published by...
30 November 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Molly Waldron
#524
 Carpenter #175



Tolkien comments on the first episodes of the radio adaptation of The Lord of the Rings that was airing at the time. Tolkien was less than happy. He cal...
?Late 1955 or ?1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to G.E. Selby
#230


Little is known of this 6 page letter but Tolkien touches on the publication of The Lord of the Rings, stating it is not a trilogy and not an allegory. ...
?December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Straight
#530
 Carpenter #181



Tolkien thanked Mr. Straight for his letter but asked if he had enjoyed The Lord of the Rings, which was written to amuse, as in to be readable. He stre...
2 December 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Elizabeth Jennings
#215


Tolkien congratulates Jennings on the publication of her poetry book A Way of Looking and discusses the merits of W.H. Audens Shield of Achilles, and me...
8 December 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#226
 Carpenter #176



After a holiday in Italy Tolkien returns and writes to Naomi Mitchison, a fellow novelist and his proofreader. Tolkien discusses the demands on his time...
8 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#526
 Carpenter #177



Although Tolkien agreed with the critics view of the radio adaptations of The Lord of the Rings he was annoyed when this group that had not read the boo...
12 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to David Masson
#211


The Return of the King was published 20 October 1955. Irritated by the Times Literary Supplement review of 25 November 1955, Mr. Masson, a librarian at ...
12 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#527
 Carpenter #178



Tolkien described his inspiration for the Shire; that of a Warwickshire village around the time of the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria (1897). Additio...
14 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#528
 Carpenter #179



Brogan had previously sent Tolkien a letter containing criticism that, in hindsight, he thought was stupid and tactless. Tolkien replied to him that he ...
16 December 1955
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr Capan
#228


Tolkien thanks Mr. Capan for an invitation to visit Cambridge University but he must decline with regret. He is busy in term-time, especially in the mid...
20 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to John Tolkien
#1451
 Carpenter #179a



Tolkien writes to his eldest son, Father John Tolkien, saying that he will miss him at Christmas time but knows that he will see him soon. He says he is...
20 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joan Anne Tolkien
#1452
 Carpenter #179b



Tolkien writes to granddaughter Joan and says that he really enjoyed her birthday party, and that she is growing so fast. He has enclosed some money for...
21 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs Rachael Feichtmeir
#229


This is a two page letter. This letter remains unpublished and little is known beyond one extract, Tolkien says that One must write to a map in being or...
23 December 1955
J.R.R. Tolkien to Audrey Bayley
#1234


Letter from Tolkien to Audrey Bayley, in response to a fan letter, hoping that the success of The Lord of the Rings will lead to the publication of the ...

1956

1 January 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr Polet
#232


Tolkien writes a brief letter thanking Mr Polet for his letter and expresses his delight that Polet is enoying The Lord of the Rings.
1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Unknown
#231


This letter to an unknown recipient was briefly mentioned in an article, Tolkien Letters a Treasure posted by the Chronicle in Newcastle after an appear...
5 January 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1453
 Carpenter #179c



Tolkien says he has had no time to revisit The Silmarillion, but hoping to in the near future. He makes a point to thank Rayner Unwin for all his help i...
12 January 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Peter Scott
#1652


Tolkien writes to Peter Scott, of the London Newman Circle. He declines the invitation to give a public lecture as he is too busy to talk about himself....
14 January 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Godfrey Nicholson
#233


Tolkien replies to Godfrey Nicholson who is a member of Parliament and a fan of The Lord of the Rings. He says he would be delighted to meet and dine wi...
14 January 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Peter Alford
#234


Tolkien replies to Peter Alford, of the BBC about his production of The Lord of the Rings.
Undated (1956-1958)
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Peter Alford
#285


This undated letter sent sometime between January 1956 and April 1958 concerns an Elvish passage as noted by Anders Stenström. He noted an Elvish passa...
14 January 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Thompson
#529
 Carpenter #180



Tolkien said he recognized the arrogance of his self-imposed task of restoring to the English an epic tradition and mythology and found it wonderful tha...
?Late January 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Notes on W. H. Auden’s review of The Return of the King
#532
 Carpenter #183



Middle-earth was not an imaginary world, stated Tolkien. It was a modernized form of the 13th century midden-erd, the abiding place of Men and their obj...
28 January 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Doris Elizabeth Sykes
#1054


This letter was sold with another letter dated July 1956.
?Mid-February 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Peter Alford
#239


Tolkien writes about the divisions of the books of The Lord of the Rings. Enclosed with the letter was two paragraphs that Tolkien describes as being in...
29 February 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Tim Robinson
#1262


Tolkien apologises for being unable to attend a meeting of the Oxford University English Club. The complete letter was reproduced in full in ADC Books C...
7 March 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Robert Durden
#240


Tolkien is pleased to read of Mr Durdens delight from reading The Lord of the Rings. He mentions briefly the Appendices, and that he hopes to be able to...
7 March 1956
William Galbraith to J.R.R. Tolkien
#922


No details of this letter are known but Tolkien also sent a letter the following day. Both letters are held at the Wade.
8 March 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Galbraith
#235


Among many subjects Tolkien discusses the unfinished index and The Silmarillion. Numenor, echoes of past tales. Tunes for poems. The geography of Tolkie...
13 March 1956
🖼
Sam Gamgee to J.R.R. Tolkien
#910


Sam Gamgee writes to Tolkien about his family hearing the BBC Radio production of the Lord of the Rings (lost) and being surprised about the use of Gamg...
15 March 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Martin C. Stone
#959


No details of this letter are known. It is held at the Wade.
18 March 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Sam Gamgee
#533
 Carpenter #184



Following the 1955 radio series of The Lord of the Rings, a Tooting resident named Sam Gamgee wrote to Tolkien on March 13, 1956. On March 18, Tolkien r...
19 March 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#534
 Carpenter #185



Tolkien commented on Letter 184, from a Sam Gamgee of Tooting. The last fragment of the letter commented on Allen & Unwins prognosis for book sales, ext...
21 March 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Ernest Rasdall
#241


Tolkien confirms that a parcel arrived safely but due to being unwell and during a busy time he had not replied. Tolkien will return the books (Hammond/...
28 March 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Patricia Kirke
#242


Tolkien writes a letter explaining his current bad health and work load. The letter was included in Gerard A.J. Stodolski Catalogue 299.
April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joanna de Bortadano
#535
 Carpenter #186



Joanna De Bortadano had asked Tolkien whether The Lord of the Rings was an allegory of Atomic power. Tolkien told her it was not; if there was any power...
3 April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin Ltd.
#536
 Carpenter #188



Allen & Unwin had signed an agreement to publish a Dutch translation of The Lord of the Rings, and asked for Tolkiens approval. Tolkien wrote them that ...
3 April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Hugh Brogan
#1454
 Carpenter #188a



Tolkien tells Hugh that although he will be delighted to see him, there are few hobbits left in Old Marston and Old Headington.
11 April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to M. Wilson
#537
 Carpenter #189



Tolkien responded to a reader, Mrs. M. Wilson, who had apparently told him of the interest The Lord of the Rings received from children.
12-13 April 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Galbraith
#236


Sent on the 13th April as a separate note along with #TCGLetter235, Tolkien apologises for the slow nature of his reply. A complete transcript along wit...
12 April 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr Earle
#238


Written shortly after the publication of his new trilogy, Tolkiens letter comprises a thoughtful reply to a fan, Mr. Earle, who evidently was so excited...
16 April 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to H [Humphrey]. Cotton Minchin
#1528


As with Tolkiens draft of this letter, this letter opens with Tolkiens ackowledgment of Minchins suggestions and his note that he is now more than ever ...
16 April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to H [Humphrey]. Cotton Minchin
#243
 Carpenter #187



Tolkien describes himself as a philologist, and sometime calligrapher. An index of Elvish names was intended to be produced, noting that his specialist ...
20 April 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to [Rev.] Paul Spilsbury
#1692


Writing to a fan, Tolkien says that he has no time to explain things concerning his writing at this time, noting that it is the beginning of term. But t...
28 April 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Deirdre Levinson
#244


Tolkien writes to Deirdre Levinson, a former student, regarding tuition.
29 April 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rosfrith Murray
#245


Tolkien begins with apologies for his late reply, he has been very busy with work, staying up very late even. He says he has knows nothing about drama a...
29 April 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Allen & Unwin
#885


Tolkien wrote to his publisher saying that he was being honoured/or pestered by would-be illustrators.
?Late June or July 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Houghton Mifflin Co.
#531
 Carpenter #182



Tolkien vowed to publish parts of his great history, if he was allowed. Because of the surprising success of The Lord of the Rings he expected the prior...
?Early July 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Doris Elizabeth Sykes
#237


Tolkien apologizes for making Doris Sykes anxious, explaining that had been very busy. He says that the publisher does not intend to make an illustrated...
2 July 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Patricia Henderson
#246


Tolkien declines an invitation to speak in Cambridge due to work load, especially philological matters. Tolkien says that he is very tired and cannot ex...
3 July 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#538
 Carpenter #190



Tolkien had been sent a list of translations to the nomenclature for the first translation of The Lord of the Rings, into Dutch by Max Schuchart. Tolkie...
26 July 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss J. Burn
#553
 Carpenter #191



Tolkien urged Burns to re-read all passages dealing with Frodo and the Ring. She would see that it was quite impossible for him to surrender the Ring at...
27 July 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Amy Ronald
#554
 Carpenter #192



Tolkien told Ronald that he had just gotten another letter about Frodos failure (see Letter 191). Few had observed it, he said, but from the logic of th...
19 September 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Terence Tiller
#258


Tolkien replied to a letter from Mr. Tiller, dated 17 September 1956, giving his permission in principle for Mr. Tiller to produce the second two parts ...
2 November 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Terence Tiller
#555
 Carpenter #193



Tiller, adapting and producing the BBC Third Program version of The Lord of the Rings, had written to Tolkien asking for advice on accents. Tolkien took...
5 November 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr Britten
#259


Tolkien replies to questions, mostly involving The Silmarillion. It is plainly suggested that Elves do ‘sleep’, but not in our mode, having a differ...
6 November 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Alan Hill
#1065


Tolkien declines a dinner invitation.
6 November 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Terence Tiller
#556
 Carpenter #194



Tolkien had made two rapid readings of three episodes sent to him by Tiller and decided to make some comments before it was too late. He did not offer c...
6 November 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#1455
 Carpenter #194a



Writing to son Michael, Tolkien muses on his faith and how it brings him solace in times of trouble, he details how it helps, how it sometimes is a burd...
11 November 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr Britten
#260


Among various topics, the letter discusses Gimli and Legolas,
22 November 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Stanley-Smith
#280


Tolkien replies to Miss Stanley-Smith of the Deddington Library and confirms he can attend and give a speech at the opening of the new library. He follo...
24 November 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1456
 Carpenter #194b



In regards to the Dutch translation of The Lord of the Rings, Tolkien says he has not the time or energy to be overly critical of it, and in any case ha...
8 December 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. [Anthony] Roberts
#281


Tolkien replies to a fan letter with pleasure that Mr. Roberts is enjoying The Lord of the Rings. He makes a brief mention of his First and Second Age s...
15 December 1956
J.R.R. Tolkien to Amy Ronald
#557
 Carpenter #195



Tolkien told Miss Ronald that Frodo did not like weapons, but was not a pacifist in modern terms. Tolkien went on to tell Miss Ronald of his Catholicism...
16 December 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr Britten
#261


Tolkien discusses Richard IIIs portrait at Kings College, Cambridge.
19 December 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Stanley-Smith
#282


Tolkien replies to Miss Stanley-Smith after he had given a speech at the opening of Deddington Library. Tolkien feels his speech did not merit any fee s...
20 December 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Deirdre Levinson
#283


DRAFT: A two page lettercard to Deirdre Levinson dated 20 December 1956. The front of the card shows a four line quote from the Crist of Cynewulf, while...
24 December 1956
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Patricia Kirke
#284


Tolkien writes to Patricia Kirke explaining he had been too busy to write Christmas cards or letters until just a few days prior. His daughter Priscilla...

1957

3 February 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1457
 Carpenter #195a



Tolkien says that work is still getting in the way of him spending any time on The Silmarillion. He is having trouble with a professor in America as wel...
4 February 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Max Schuchart
#1529


Tolkien writes to Max Schuchart on matters of the Dutch translation of the Fellowship of the Ring.
1 March 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Walter Monckton
#1653


Tolkien writes to Monckton, suggesting dates for the next dinner in the hopes that Monckton can attend and add more weight to the Oxford side. He had de...
1 March 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1458
 Carpenter #195b



Tolkien apologizes to Rayner for being exhausted at their previous meeting and says he is recovering from a very stressful school term. He says that he ...
4 March 1957
Walter Monckton to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1654


In reply to Tolkiens letter, Monckton writes to confirm that dates except one are good for him. He no longer works within the givernment so should be ab...
21 March 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Katharine Farrer
#558
 Carpenter #196



Tolkien believed that Mrs Farrer had been much concerned about Jack Lewis’s troubles. Tolkien knew little beyond cautious hints of the extremely discr...
9 April 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Haywood
#286


Mr Haywood, a young reader of The Lord of the Rings, had written a letter of appreciation to Tolkien. The letter reflects on the success of The Hobbit. ...
24 April 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael George Tolkien
#287
 Carpenter #196a



Tolkien discusses various matters including academic news, Hebrew, work with The Jerusalem Bible, the Book of Jonah. Excerpts from this letter were publ...
25 April 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Sayer
#182


A short note, arranging lunch with Sayer,
3 May 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Charles Blackwood
#288


A letter to a young fan named Charles Blackwood. Discusses runes, Tolkien remarks that he did not invent the runes in The Hobbit. See for more details.
9 May 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#559
 Carpenter #197



Allen and Unwin had sent Tolkien a substantial check for his earnings from The Lord of the Rings. Had he known of the bombshell earlier Tolkien said he ...
9 June 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Ready
#322


Tolkien sends his apologies for having not replied to William Readys letter, or to an invitation from the director of the Marquette Department of Englis...
19 June 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#560
 Carpenter #198



An (unidentified) American filmmaker had expressed interest in making a cartoon film of The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien welcomed the idea of an animated ...
22 June 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Andrew Schiller
#323


In response to a paper that Andrew Schiller wrote and sent with a letter to Tolkien, he discusses the classic medieval tale Sir Gawain and the Green Kni...
24 June 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Caroline Everett
#561
 Carpenter #199



Tolkien was both complementary and sorry to be the subject of Everetts thesis. He was disinclined to offer any biographical details since he doubted its...
25 June 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Major Bowen
#562
 Carpenter #200



Tolkien explained that Sauron was always de-bodied when vanquished. He was one of the minor angelic spirits, belonging to the race of intelligent beings...
26 June 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Deirdre Levinson
#324


Tolkien comments on conditions in South Africa, and gives Levinson news of various appointments in Oxford, including Nevill Coghill as the Merton Profes...
9 July 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Walter Monckton
#1655


Monckton had written to say that he cannot make the dinner of 13 July. Tolkien replies that the next dinner will be held on 14 December. He reminds Monc...
15 July 1957
Walter Monckton to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1656


Monckton replies to Tolkien but very little is known of the content. It is assumed that he included his subscription which was late and perhaps discusse...
5 August 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jerome W. Archer
#325


Tolkien discusses an invitation to visit the Marquette University the following spring as well health issues. He had been obliged to cancel plans to tra...
5 August 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jerome W. Archer
#893


This letter sent on the same day as another (see #TCGLetter325) was to determine the practicalities of the visit to Marquette. The original letter, in t...
6 August 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Ready
#894


Tolkien writes to William Ready of Marquette to confirm to him his intention to visit Marquette the following year. The original letter and a complete t...
?Mid-September 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1669


Tolkien sends his letter from 6 September intended for Forrest J. Ackerman to Rayner Unwin after hearing nothing more from him and asks him to forward i...
4 September 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1460
 Carpenter #200a



Tolkien informs Rayner that he has had a meeting with Forrest J. Ackerman, acting for three persons, who were interested in filming The Lord of the Ring...
5 September 1957
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1667


Rayner Unwin writes to say he is delighted that Tolkien was impressed with the concept artwork and photography he was shown during his visit by Forrest ...
6 September 1957 (UNSENT)
J.R.R. Tolkien to Forrest J. Ackerman
#1668


Tolkien writes a letter to Forrest J. Ackerman but it will never be sent.
7 September 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#576
 Carpenter #201



Writing to Rayner Unwin, Tolkien gives some thoughts on the material left with him by Forrest J. Ackerman, including the script of Morton Grady Zimmerma...
11 Sep 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Clemence Dane
#321


Tolkien writes a short note to Clemence Dane, thanking her for her kindness the day before. She had presented Tolkien with the International Fantasy Awa...
11 September 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher and Faith Tolkien
#577
 Carpenter #202



Tolkien describes his meeting with Sir Stanley Unwin and Mr Ackerman, they decided upon a policy of Art or Cash when dealing with film rights.
14 September 1957
C.S. Lewis to Lucy Matthews
#1657


C.S. Lewis writes to a young reader thanking her for her letter on her enjoyment of his Narnia stories. He says that he too enjoys Nesbit and notes furt...
26 September 1957
William Ready to J.R.R. Tolkien
#895


William Ready of Marquette writes to Tolkien acknowledging Tolkiens proposed visit in 1958.
4 October 1957
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1670


Rayner Unwin writes to Tolkien to say that Allen & Unwin have still not heard from Ackerman.
18 October 1957
Rayner Unwin to Forrest J. Ackerman
#1671


Rayner Unwin writes to Forrest J. Ackerman, to ask if he is still interested in the film project of the Lord of the Rings. He is holding a letter with c...
9-10 November 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Przemyslaw Mroczkowski
#326


Tolkien offers a critical commentary on an essay about Chaucer. Tolkien says that the essay is too abstract and avoids direct language too much. A descr...
14 November 1957
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1672


Rayner writes asking Tolkien how things stand between him and the Dutch publisher, Voorhoeve & Dietrich regarding his visit to Holland. He also notes th...
17 November 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Przemyslaw Mroczkowski
#328


Tolkien replies with gratitude for the invitation for he and Edith to lunch but they cannot make the Tuesday but hopes to be asked again. He suggests th...
17 November 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Herbert Schiro
#327
 Carpenter #203



In response to a letter from Herbert Schiro asking about allegory in The Lord of the Rings, with comparisons as five wizards = five senses, and Orcs are...
7 December 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#578
 Carpenter #204



Tolkien writes to Rayner Unwin about translations and an index for The Lord of the Rings.
12 December 1957
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1673


Rayner agrees with Tolkien that future translations should adopt the names as Tolkien prefers. Rayner says that Allen & Unwin can have an index of names...
13 December 1957
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1461
 Carpenter #204a



Tolkien gives his thoughts to Rayner on the continuing work to try and turn the Lord of the Rings into a film. He gives his thoughts on the people wanti...
19 December 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Patricia
#329


Tolkien discusses his hectic schedule, translations of the rcently published (in 3 volumes) Lord of the Rings. Tolkien states that he is on leave now fo...
19 December 1957
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Cees Ouboter
#845


Tolkien is invited to visit Holland. Edith is not well but he proposes some dates for the visit.

1958

C. 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to unknown
#1092


A brief note thanking a fan for their letter about The Lord of the Rings. A typeset of part of the letter exists in the Marquette archives.
Unknown but no earlier than 1958
Rayner Unwin to Marquette University
#1098


This letter, held at the Marquette archives from Rayner Unwin to the archives of The J.R.R. Tolkien Collection concerned corrections for the Return of t...
10 January 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael George Tolkien
#331


A very brief note from Tolkien to his grandson on the occasion of his 15th birthday.
14 January 1958
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1674


Rayner has found a lady who can index The Lord of the Rings for him, and notes that he has said it is to be in two parts. One of proper names and one of...
17 February 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jonathan Wordsworth
#332


Tolkien sends a very short note confirming a dinner. In an annotation, the recipient notes in reference to Tolkiens indicated writing time of 12:45 am :...
19 February 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Wood
#333


Tolkien says he would very much like to meet you and Mr. David Smith. Tolkien is on leave due to his wifes illness and he will be visiting her in hospit...
21 February 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#579
 Carpenter #205



Tolkien congratulates Christopher on a paper that he gave at St Annes College.
22 February 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Wood
#334


Tolkien confirms that Tuesday will be fine for a visit, though he has a guest around 7pm. The guest will be Mr Jonathan Wordsworth.
6 March 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Przemyslaw Mroczkowski
#330


Tolkien broaches a difficult matter, he offers his friend financial support, in the form of £30, The second letter was sent on the 11th March 1958 - #T...
11 March 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Przemyslaw Mroczkowski
#148


Tolkien writes to his friend Przemyslaw Mroczkowski saying that he is relieved that Przemyslaw will allow Tolkien to share a little of the proceeds of T...
12 March 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Nancy Smith
#207


Following the publication of the third volume from Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings, many readers demands grew for an index or glossary that would help...
18 March 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Messrs. Voorhoeve en Dietrich
#389
 Carpenter #205a



Tolkien thanks Ouboter for the invitation to the festival, and says he is mostly looking forward to it. He points out that his understanding of Dutch is...
20 March 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Cees Ouboter
#336


Tolkien replies to Cees Ouboter of Holland regarding Ediths health along with relaying arrangements for his visit to Amsterdam via London and Rotterdam....
27 March 1958
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1675


Rayner informs Tolkien that Forrest J. Ackerman with Zimmerman have been given a free option on the film rights to the Lord of the Rings, Zimmerman will...
c. April or early May 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Forrest J. Ackerman (unfinished letter)
#1681


Tolkien had begun writing a letter to Forrest J. Ackerman in April or May which he says is to give an idea of the changes and reductions he would tolera...
2 April 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Peter Alford
#337


Tolkien had just returned from Holland and had obtained a copy of the invitation and menu for Peter Alford. All went well except a change to the speaker...
2 April 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Messrs. Voorhoeve en Dietrich
#388
 Carpenter #205b



Tolkien writes a letter thanking Mr. Ouboter regarding his visit to Holland. He says that the sooner he can return there, the better.
3 April 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Professor Jongkees
#335


A letter of reply to the professor who had invited Tolkien for a cup of tea, Tolkien replies as if by Gandalf.
8 April 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#580
 Carpenter #206



Tolkien describes in great detail his trip to Rotterdam.
8 April 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#581
 Carpenter #207



Tolkien writes to Rayner Unwin about the Zimmerman adaption of The Lord of the Rings. Some additional quotes beyond what appear in Letters are reproduce...
10 April 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to C. Ouboter
#582
 Carpenter #208



Tolkien describes the message in The Lord of the Rings.
?11 April–c. 21 April and c. 28 April–5 May 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Forrest J. Ackerman
#915


Tolkien had been visited by Forest J. Ackerman in September 1957 (see reference) to discuss a proposed adaptation of The Lord of the Rings. Ackerman sho...
12 April 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Professor Jongkees
#1056


Tolkien wrote a two page letter to Professor Jongkees. He is pleased that many of those who have read his books are devoted to the sciences. He says tha...
16 April 1958
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1676


Rayner writes to Tolkien to inform him that Allen & Unwins Hollywood agent has reported that Ackerman has agreed to pay $500 for an additional 6 months ...
4 May 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Robert Murray, S.J.
#583
 Carpenter #209



Tolkien discusses philology and the original meaning of words.
9 May 1958
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1677


Rayner informs Tolkien that the head of the agency from Hollywood who is responsible for the negotiations with Ackerman/Zimmerman will visit the Allen &...
16 May 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1678


Writing to Rayner, Tolkien says that his face is healing and he is feeling better, and able to read and write again. He has not been able to complete th...
22 May 1958
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1679


Rayner replies to Tolkien with sympathy for his health troubles. He also agrees on Tolkiens proposed reply to Ackerman.
27 May 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Nancy Smith
#338


Due to demand from fans, Rayner Unwin hires editor and friend Nancy Smith to help Tolkien compile an index for The Lord of the Rings. See also #TCGLette...
27 May 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1683


Tolkien writes to Rayner Unwin, including a letter with a sheet of answers to be forwarded to Nancy Smith. He has been waylaid by many bothers and will ...
29 May 1958
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1680


Writing to Tolkien, Rayner says that he will seriously consider adding the index into the Lord of the Rings. Possibly to coincide with the proposed publ...
30 May 1958
Rayner Unwin to Edgar Carter
#1682


Rayner Unwin sends Tolkiens unfinished letter
3 June 1958
🖼
Joy Hill to Hal Coomer
#820


Joy Hill writes to a H. Coomer enclosing the address for J.R.R. Tolkien along with a signed thank-you card from Tolkien himself. She says that they do n...
9 June 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Forrest J. Ackerman
#584
 Carpenter #210



After receiving the script sent from Morton Grady Zimmerman Tolkien replies with (in parts) stinging criticism. He opens by apologising for sounding irr...
10 June 1958
Edgar Carter to Forrest J. Ackerman
#1684


Edgar carter of Allen & Unwins Hollywood agents sends Tolkiens two pages from his uninishes letter of April or May
16 June 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1685


Tolkien writes to Rayner Unwin, including the Zimmerman story-line along with the cover note to Ackerman. Tolkien tells Rayner that he does not want to ...
11 September 1958
C.S. Lewis to Lucy Matthews
#1658


After lewis had suggested Lucy Matthews to read The Lord of the Rings, she wrote to Lewis again and he replied saying that she had got it exactly right ...
[late 1958-early 1959]
J.R.R. Tolkien to A.C. Nunn
#586
 Carpenter #214



Tolkien describes Hobbit history and the process of giving and receiving gifts in the Shire.
11 October 1958 - 26 February 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Symm and Company
#1660


Noted at Archives Hub, and held at the Oxfordshire History Centre, is held correspondence between the buidling contractor Symm and Company and J.R.R. To...
14 October 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rhona Beare
#400
 Carpenter #211



Covering more than six pages, Tolkien replied to several questions asked by Rhona Beare. A draft of this letter was included as Letter 212. Sam chanted ...
14 October 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rhona Beare
#585
 Carpenter #212



Tolkien describes the creation of the World and then of the Dwarves by Aulë in draft that was never sent to Beare.
20 October 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Misses E. Jones and J. Taylor
#339


Tolkien sends his apologies not replying earlier, he describes himself as a much harassed man.
23 October 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Marjorie Incledon
#1464
 Carpenter #212a



Tolkien discusses his decision on moving house after retirement, and his frustrations on the work being done to his current residence. He discusses how ...
25 October 1958
J.R.R. Tolkien to Deborah Webster
#340
 Carpenter #213



Tolkien says he does not like giving facts about himself, other than dry ones. Not only for personal reasons but Tolkien says he dislikes contemporary c...
26 October 1958
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to L.M. Cutts
#341


Tolkien apologises for the cost of The Lord of the Rings,

1959

4 February 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to [Father] Alex Jones
#1465
 Carpenter #214a



Tolkien expresses his hope that he will upon retirement, be able to work on a new Bible translation but expresses concerns for Ediths health and says th...
14 February 1959
Rayner Unwin to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1686


Writing to Tolkien on the matter of the option for the Lord of the Rings film rights, he has heard from agents that Ackerman and Co. have decided to not...
21? February 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Ready
#342


Tolkien makes arrangements for the transfer of money regarding the purchase of his manuscripts of The Lord of the Rings. The original letter in the form...
24 February 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Merton College Porters
#1057


Note from Tolkien to the Merton College Porters asking them to allow his secretary, Miss Hope, to collect any letters or parcels addressed to him at the...
24 February 1959
A.M. Hope to Rayner Unwin
#1688


Tolkiens secretary, Miss A.M. Hope writes to Rayner Unwin to inform him that Tolkien is in hospital and will be unable to attend the Playhour meeting on...
4 March 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Michael Tolkien
#1466
 Carpenter #214b



Writing to his son Michael, Tolkien remarks on the state of their house, and Ediths recovery from a broken arm. He also talks about his recent health st...
5 March 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to William Ready
#343


Tolkien writes with gratitude regarding Readys arrangement of the purchase by the Marquette University of Tolkiens manuscripts for The Lord of the Rings...
17 April 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Walter Allen
#590
 Carpenter #215



Tolkien declines to take part in a symposium on Childrens writing in draft form, but ends up sending just a short note.
22 April 1959
Joy Hill to J.R.R. Tolkien
#1687


Joy Hill sends to Tolkien his notes on the story-line which have been returned by Forrest J. Ackerman.
8 May 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Hope
#1058


Tolkien sends a cheque, and thanks Miss Hope for her help, especially for beginning the task of putting his papers in order, and he comments on local el...
19 May 1959
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Dr. Zettersten
#344


Tolkien confirms that Ancrene Wisse is at the press and should be available soon but this all depends on how quickly he can get the proofs back to them....
26 May 1959
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Miss Robinson
#345


A brief letter from Tolkien thanking Miss Robinson for her letter and the mention of her enjoyment of his work.
15 June 1959
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. A.C. Cawley
#397


A.C. Cawley wrote to Tolkien regarding Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and from Tolkiens reply we can deduce that there had perhaps been some mind to us...
19 June 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Benjamin Knights
#1064


Tolkien writes to Benjamin, and thanks him for buying The Lord of the Rings and answers a question on the height of Amon Hen, he doubts it was much over...
5 July 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Patricia Kirke
#1066


A melancholy letter expressing various complaints.
4 August 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1467
 Carpenter #215a



Tolkien tells Rayner that he would like his translation of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight to be published next and details his work on Ancrene Wisse. H...
12 August 1959
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Dell
#1037


Tolkien writes his thanks for Dells letter and forwards a copy to his US publishers.
12 August 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Deputy Registrar, University of Madras
#591
 Carpenter #216



Tolkien declines an appointment as a member of a Board of Examiners.
11 September 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#592
 Carpenter #217



Tolkien writes about the Polish translation of The Lord of the Rings. A slightly different quotation from the letter is given in Chronology from that re...
9 October 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Eric Rogers
#593
 Carpenter #218



Tolkien replies about an English usage question referring to has or have.
15 October 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#596
 Carpenter #219*



Tolkien discusses his retirement. *PLEASE NOTE THAT IN THE ORIGINAL EDITION THIS LETTER WAS NUMBERED #220
16 October 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#594
 Carpenter #220*



A Cambridge cat breeder had asked if she could register a litter of Siamese kittens under names taken from The Lord of the Rings. * PLEASE NOTE THAT IN ...
8 November 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Naomi Mitchison
#346
 Carpenter #220a



Writing to Naomi Mitchison, Tolkien apologizes that he has not been able to see her. He and Edith had gone away to Beournemouth and her letters, twice d...
24 November 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to D. M. Hawke, First Assistant Registrar, Oxford University
#597
 Carpenter #221



Tolkien writes to D. M. Hawke (First Assistant Registrar, Oxford University) on the Board of the Faculty of English about his retirement.
December 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Przemyslaw Mroczkowski
#347


Tolkien complains about his forced retirement and inadequate pension. A description of the letter was included in Christies Fine Printed Books and Manus...
9 December 1959
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#598
 Carpenter #222



Tolkien writes to Rayner about his translations of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and Pearl.

1960

Between 1960 and 1973
J.R.R. Tolkien to Dorothy Wood
#451


Tolkien wrote a series of letters to his cousin Dorothy Wood and Sothebys auction house quoted from many. Among those that no date could be determined c...
Early 1960
🖼
Phyllis Potter to Hilary Tolkien
#1898


Phyllis Potter, a friend of Hilarys Aunt Jane (Neave) writes to him on her behalf. Jane is currently unwell and is under observation for the next ten da...
7 January 1960
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. K.F. Mawson
#452


A fascinating letter on the labors of producing his iconic work, concluding with a humorous aside on real-life namesakes of his famous characters. A pho...
13 January 1960
🖼
Tolkien's Secretary to Elizabeth Jones
#453


The letter contains a printed statement about The Lord of the Rings and a typed paragraph stating that he is working on a new book which I hope will tel...
9 February 1960
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1470
 Carpenter #222a



Tolkien informs Rayner that by way of looking at the Scunthorpe lists This letter is held at the Tolkien–George Allen & Unwin archive, HarperCollins.
12 February 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1471
 Carpenter #222b



Tolkien tells Rayner that he is getting to his work on the translations of Sir Gawain and Pearl, in addition to The Silmarillion, however the arrival of...
29 February 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1472
 Carpenter #222c



Tolkien asks Rayners thoughts on publishing small or minor bits having to do with the Ring Cycle. He says that he is being asked for these, and that the...
1 March 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#1473
 Carpenter #222d



Writing to Allen & Unwin, Tolkien says that he has been sent five more copies of Sagam om Ringen, he notes that Swedish is not especially popular in Eng...
15 March 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Ruth Spalding
#957


No details are known of this letter. It is held at the Wade.
April 1960
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Triode
#454


Tolkiens letter, of which an extract is published in Triode 18 (May 1960) deals with the possibility of a film of The Lord of the Rings. Tolkien says th...
4 April 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Jane Neave
#1474
 Carpenter #222e



Tolkien tells Jane Neave that he will send her a long instalment for reference.
2 May 1960
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to unknown
#777


According to Kennys bookstore in Dublin, The letter was a reply by Tolkien to a publisher who had sent him a copy of a childrens book to proof and to pr...
5 May 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#1475
 Carpenter #222f



Writing to Rayner Unwin, Tolkien tells him that he has had very little time for literary work of late, but says that the latest royalty check from The H...
7 July 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Heinrich Wolfgang Donner
#461


In this letter to his friend, Heinrich Wolfgang Donner, Tolkien says he is disaproving of the Swedish translation cover art for The Fellowship of the Ri...
7 July 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Alina Dadlez
#462


Tolkien writes to Alina Dadlez saying that the Dutch Hobbit paperbacks printed by Prisma have arrived safely. He thinks the translation is reasonably we...
31 July 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#599
 Carpenter #223



Tolkiens publishing commitments are catching up with him. Chronology reproduced a slightly longer selection of the letter than what appears in Letters. ...
30 August 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to George Lewis Hersh
#1067


Letter concerns various points in The Lord of the Rings and The Silmarillion.
12 September 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Tolkien
#600
 Carpenter #224



Tolkien comments on the C.S. Lewis book Studies in Words.
12 October 1960
Kenneth Sisam to Dan Davin
#1702


Kenneth Sisam writes to Dan Davin many years after the Clarendon Chaucer had been abandoned saying that it would be very complicated for someone else to...
15 October 1960
🖼
Marjorie Incledon to Julian Tolkien
#1899


Marjorie Incledon writes in reply to Julian Tolkiens birthday wishes. She is pleased that he is enjoying home life and mentions Hilarys sketches which s...
22 November 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Przemyslaw Mroczkowski
#463


In this letter Tolkien complains of the effects of old age and other troubles. Edith is under observation with the fear that she has cancer.
10 December 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#601
 Carpenter #225



Tolkien discusses Puffin Books offer to print The Hobbit.
31 December 1960
J.R.R. Tolkien to L.W. Forster
#602
 Carpenter #226



Writing to L.W. Forster, Tolkien states that The Lord of the Rings was not influenced by the two World Wars, except for the landscape. The 2023 revised ...

1961

1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Christopher Fettes
#464


Christopher Fettes had written to Tolkien asking why he referred to both Tom Bombadil and Treebeard as the oldest beings in Middle-earth. In Tolkiens re...
1961
George Allen & Unwin to Houghton Mifflin Co.
#1719


A series of letters found at the University of Reading GA&U archives. Consisting of 144 items. Not all of these letters are concerned with Tolkien but s...
1961
George Allen & Unwin to Penguin Books
#1720


A series of letters found at the University of Reading GA&U archives. Consisting of 172 items, not all of which concern Tolkien. Among the subjects disc...
1961
George Allen & Unwin to Thomas Nelson & Sons Publishers
#1728


A series of letters found at the University of Reading GA&U archives. Consisting of 28 items. Among the subjects of these letters concerns the export of...
5 January 1961
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mrs E. C. Ossendrijver
#465
 Carpenter #227



Of this letter, a large portion was published as Letter #227 in The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien. In the opening portion of this letter to Madam Ossendrijv...
16 January 1961
C.S. Lewis to The Swedish Academy
#1661


C.S. Lewis writes to the Swedish Academy. He believes that J.R.R. Tolkien deserves the Nobel Prize in literature and nominates him for the award. A phot...
24 January 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#603
 Carpenter #228



Tolkien writes about including the Appendices of The Lord of the Rings in translations. Quoted selections from the letter appear in Chronology that are ...
26 January 1961
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Amy Ronald
#455


Tolkien apologises for not replying to Amy Ronalds letter sooner. He has been working hard so as to give undivided attention to further work on the hobb...
13 February 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to [Father] Alex Jones
#1476
 Carpenter #228a



Tolkien writes to Father Alex Jones apologizing for being late in his submission to the new Bible translation project, and says that he has been stuck i...
23 February 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Allen & Unwin
#604
 Carpenter #229



Tolkien’s commentary on Åke Ohlmarks’ introduction to the Swedish translation of The Lord of the Rings.
March 13, 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Joy Hill
#1856


Tolkien writes that he likes the Puffin Hobbit cover illustration made by Pauline Baynes very much.
9 May 1961
🖼
J.R.R. Tolkien to Henry St. J. Hart
#466


Tolkien writes to say that he unexpectedly able to come to Cambridge on the Saturday and he can stay until Monday. See also #TCGLetter467
9 May 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Mr. Dufton
#467


Tolkien writes to say that he unexpectedly can come to Cambridge on Saturday and he can stay until Monday. See also #TCGLetter466
23 May 1961
J.R.R. Tolkien to Rayner Unwin
#468


Tolkien discusses the artist Cor Bloks pictures and whether any artist could do justice to the noble and heroic in his works.
1 June 1961